GEN CHEMISTRY I
GEN CHEMISTRY I CHEM 1201
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Javonte Swift on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 1201 at Louisiana State University taught by E. Cook in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see /class/223095/chem-1201-louisiana-state-university in Chemistry at Louisiana State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
Strong Acids lHCl HBr HI Strong Bases LiOH NaOH KOH lHN03 Ca0H2 slightly soluble lHCIO4 IBaOHz leso4 SrOHz Weak acids Weak base H3PO4 NH3 HzCO3 CH3COzH HF Summary pH of Aqueous Salt Solutions ACIDIC CATIONS ACIDIC ANIONS 1 Cations of WEAK Bases NH4Jr main example in General Chemistry 2 Some Metal cations 3 Al trans1tion metal lons Some anions of polyprotic acids HSO439 HzPO439 HSOg39 NEUTRAL CATIONS Cations of STRONG Bases Lit Nat Kl Ca2 Ba2 Sr2 NEUTRAL ANIONS Anions of STRONG Acids Cl39 Br39 139 N0339 C10439 BASIC CATIONS None think about Why BASIC ANION S 1 Anions of WEAK acids F39 CH3COO39 CIO39 HCOO39 CN39 N0239 2 Most anions of polyprotic acids HCOg39 HS39 HCOg39 HPO4239 0032 804239 so3 239 sz39 PO4339 Types of AcidBase Reactions 1 Strong Acid Strong Base gt Water salt pH Neutral Example HCl NaOH gt HzO NaCl Net Ionic Equation H30Jr OH39 gt ZHZO 2 Weak Acid Strong Base gt Water weak base pH Basic Example HF NaOH gt H20 NaF Net Ionic Equation HF OH39 gt H20 F 39 Conjugate base of a weak acid Basic Strong bases react completely with ANY acid The extent of this reaction is therefore 100 and the reaction will run in the forward direction until the reactant in least supply the limiting reagent is used up 3 Strong Acid Weak Base gt Weak Acid pH Acidic Example HCl F 39 gt HF Net Ionic Equation H30Jr F 39 gt HF H20 Conjugate acid of a weak base Acidic Strong acids react completely with ANY base The extent of this reaction is therefore 100 and the reaction will run in the forward direction until the reactant in least supply the limiting reagent is used up 4 Weak Weak gt Weak Weak pH depends upon relative 39 Acid Base Acid Base Kavalues Example and ME HCN F gt HF CN
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