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Date Created: 12/05/14
Intro to Logic Vague Terms and Types of De nitions 91214 For more on the topic look at Page 59 Exercise 23 or refer to handouts 3 and 4 Vague A mere verbal dispute Ex Bank a place for money or part of a river When a word is under a mere verbal dispute clari cation is needed To make sure a word is not under a mere verbal dispute you must de ne all of the terms De nitions Ostensive de nes the term by pointing to an object to which the term applies An object in the extension of the world39 Explicit Extensional The entire collection of objects that constitutes the extension of the term Continents Africa Antartica Asia Australia Europe South America North America Denotative A partial collection of the objects that constitutes the extension of the term Skyscrapers Trump Tower Sears Tower World Trade Center lntensional set of properties or attributes shared by all and only those objects to which the term refers Explicit Intensional involves a phrase equivalent in meaning to the relative term Bachelorzzunmarried man Prize ghterzzprofessional ghter Lexical reports a meaning that the term already has 0 The report can be correct or incorrect so lexical de nitions can be true or false Problems Can be too broad
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