Popular in Precolonial Africa
Popular in History
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jack Bethke on Friday December 5, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to HSTFM 150 at a university taught by Richard Johnson in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 43 views.
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Date Created: 12/05/14
right away This gave the British much easier access to their colonies on the Indian sub continent The English assisted the Egyptians during their economic depression in the 1870s British troops move into Egypt and Egypt becomes a British Protectorate in 1882 The British kept the illusion of autonomous rule indirect rule by the British This is regarded as the opening act in the scramble for Africa British have a large presence in Africa and also hold a geopolitically strategic resource in the Suez Canal 0 Other Europeans want in on the action Establishing Colonial Claims 0 Ideological justi cation emerges alongside economic ones Show a parental disposition towards Africans Instead of wanting to teach and quotsave the quotbarbarous Africans the Europeans cynically state that their colonization is good for Africans 0 Growing interest in all European industrial powers for the colonization of Africa Britian took the lead and now others were trying to catch up Created an atmosphere of intense competition between these continental powers Holding overseas colonies becomes a sense of power and pride for these industrial nations British control of key regions in Africa spurs action by the other powers As of the 1870s Asante becomes part of the British Gold Coast colony 0 British and French most competitive early on The French had parlayed areas of the Senegal River much as the British had in other areas into their sphere as well as having invaded Algiers in the 1840s declaring it part of the French Empire in 1849 Leopold ll of Belgium and the Berlin Conference 0 France and Belgium square off in the Congo region 0 Belgium did not want to be left out of Africa and Leopold39s endeavors to catch up to the British or French results in the Berlin Conference 0 Following Stanley and Livingstone39s return from Central Africa Leopold writes to Queen Victoria asking for ways into Africa how best to settle it and he asks the nations of Europe to meet in Brussels with him in 1876 No leaders of African nations were inv ed Imposition of Colonial Rule 0 Leopold 39s Congo Free State 0 One of the worst cases of violence and coercion in modern history the worst extreme of colonialism 0 Wanted to control the ivory trade in the area meant he had to dominate the trade routes Claimed to be motivated by the promise of civilization in Africa What Leopold promised I Suppression of slave trade I Promotion of humanitarian policies I Guaranteed free trade within the Congo Free State I No import duties for at least 20 years I One of his goals in writing this book was to educate 20 century men and women black and white on what Africa had been Many people had their feelings about Africa dictated through the lens of European thought and Achebe wanted to show that there was African thought and social structure before that I Since Okonkwo39s village was in the interior of the region his village would not have had direct contact with whites until quinine was invented allowing the Europeans to explore deeper inland o Hinterland Ibo communities received Christian missionaries and their schools and roads at rst but once it became apparent that the European religion was a means of social control the Ibo fought against it I In part II of TFA European missionaries arrive with native African missionaries as well I Initially not much was thought of Christianity because it mainly attracted outcasts and worthless men Attracted people who were disenfranchised with their society as it was 0 No kings among the Ibo there were village elders and men of title as the book points out but there was no centralized power Basically confederations of independent villages tied by maternal Hneage 0 British had been interfering in the Niger Delta trade for decades Once palm oil kernel became valuable for industry they began exploring further inland so that they could bypass middlemen and get a better price on the palm oil I Expansion of palm oil trade produced an expansion of slavery in the region Slaves were used to collect the palm oil being tapped in the trees I British gov established a monopoly over the palm oil trade good for them but very detrimental to the local economies I Europeans were obviously trying to completely dominate the area 0 Government in TFA is represented by the District Commissioner He is not given a name because he never distinguishes himself as a person just the embodiment of colonial rule I Europeans gave false unity to areas that were ethnically and culturally distinct Did this to make governing easier I Manipulation of regional differences helped the British discern who is in and who is out
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