Notes: Art H 384 10/12 Lecture Professor Susan Casteras
Notes: Art H 384 10/12 Lecture Professor Susan Casteras ITAL 1 - 01
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brittney Hower on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ITAL 1 - 01 at University of Washington taught by Pesterfield, L in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see American Art in Art History at University of Washington.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
101215 Watson and the Shark required image by Copley 1778 commissioned work of art he is about to lose his lower leg also pay attention to the aspects of the shark it has lips This work suggests questions about the inclusion of the black man is he a servant Very relevant at the time because the British tried to use this issue to promise freedom to those black men who joined the army British support for the enslaved blacks shark infested waters could be representing the colonies 1770 rebellions Boston laborers against British soldiers Look how taut the implied pyramid are look at the apex one with a harpoon and one observing feel the chaos it s like we re trapped in this scene too Critiques of this painting One critic said the hair of the sailor was blowing in the wind when the sails were calm also that the boat should ve been tipped more towards starboard side Praise One said the variety of expression was an embodiment of ideas of human expression Watson and his fate are seen as metaphor or a sea full of dangerturmoil akin to the American revolution Literal threat of dismemberment warning about colonial divisiveness This African American figure raises lots of questions Political motifs also spring to mind because of whom Copley married and the Boston tea party This subject shows Watson s youthful indiscretion favored freedom of white people while approving or tolerating slavery but this was explored differently too Watson took a pro slavery stance owned slaves Religious undertones as well especially to subjects like the miraculous draft of the fishes Ionah and the whale St George and the dragon There is always a political element even when you think there s not Compare to Raphael s miraculous draft of the fishes Copley Death of the Earl of Chatham compare to Trumbull Declaration of Independence Copley Death of Major Peirson compare to Rubens Massacre of the Innocents Again they are smoke filled subjects because it was such a recent event Peirson had died at only 25 so Copley was appealing to a British audience British win also religion involved Christ Martyrdom Duke of Wellington said it was the only painting of battle that ever satisfied him painting itself was sent to Buckingham Palace for King George to see The honor of the British army was at stake Peirson s death was retaliated by a black servant who killed the man who shot Peirson he is not dressed as a servant but in full military regalia History pictured as theatre sudden powerful dark So popular that people paid to see it just like the Declaration painting Portraits Copley Ann Tyng compare to Lely s Duchess of Yorkquot The folds in Ann Tyng s dress are not so owing as artist s with more training he is aspiring to artists like Lely Portrait Mr and Mrs Isaac Smith paints with precision of a jeweler very good at precision with light this pair is one of the most spectacular many qualities of a pair of 1769 sparkling light these people are seen as huge material successes skill that he had to bring these qualities together citizens wanted to look as British as possible Mr Isaac merchant ship owner he wed Elizabeth and they had 4 children attention to this knee Copley added a ton of detail every button fold elegant pointing of the crossed knee he is a wealthy man added drapery to add prestige in the background the hands are so much better than previous artists he also wears a big wig ruf ed sleeves mid chest pose meant a pose of modesty and humility he is a pro patriot individual he moves a few times during the war because of turmoil in Boston yet he has chosen to be shown in beautiful chair one of richest merchant ship owners in Boston success and masculinity are eluded to by the objects on his desk his wife Elizabeth sitting in a chair that still exists super expensive upholstery notably no objects that confirm success in business world holding some rare grapes which are linked to husband s wine merchant business grapes also elude to fertility she was pregnant in this portrait she was an accomplished woman she looks sideways to show how conscious they are of their material goods even though they are sympathetic to the colonials there is a weird window to outside with trees in the background the Smith s had the success that Copley himself aspired to though he became the best paid portraitist in Colonial America Copley had clients who were both patriots and loyalists follows the money careful about his own political feelings leaving America was a strong statement Portrait of Mrs Skinner Copley compare to Ramsay s The Artist s Wife Mrs Skinner is young beautiful the hands have come a long way marvelously adept at three dimensionality shadows on outer part of arm and fingers aiming at highest british level of materiality folds textures very lavish dress still life elements which helps us get an idea of how the af uent the 1 lived in terms of what they wore and what they owned Copley Henry Pelham Boy with Squirrel required image 1765 figure is a step brother of the artist and ability is shown to depict re ections and surfaces nod to a preDisney animal friends there is a pet squirrel which is a ying squirrel in the portrait suggested comparison between pet and the ships that were named that Copley sent this to London for Iohn Reynolds to see Benjamin West wasn t enthusiastic about this portrait red drapery borrowed from baroque examples Henry he is toying with the squirrel s leash every lighting accent is sharp conveys a gap between material real and his imagination illusions to things like the chain of being chain between humans and animals Portrait John Bee Holmes with another squirrel little boy has a girthpuffiness Richard Heber portrait playing a sport like croquet wearing beautifully romantic white shirt and ruf es quite extravagant full length portrait idealizing boyhood as mini form of British style Copley Young Girl With Bird and Dog huge column red drapery chair similar to Mrs Isaac Smith s she smiles has a canary or parakeet walking along the ribbon she tied across a chair notice how the fur on the dog is so realistic he s bringing something special to the portrayal of children too Copley Gore Children they re al very pale same face expressions same dress maker as all of the other women like in Smibert s painting Little master Gore classic orator stance good breeding gentlemanly girth worth not exactly warranted in terms of his actual anatomy Paul Revere Required image portrait patriot pro colonies Copley was a loyalist very unusual work on many fronts can see that his portrait of Warren Hastings was lavish compare to Paul Revere who is simple differently shown depicted without a coat which is strange for the time this portrait remained in the family attic some people criticized the work as too casual thought he looked like a worker he s wearing clean work clothes in his work place has tools on the table and is holding a teapot He was a silver smith maybe the only colonial American portrait of a man at work no red splendiferous drapery no background or landscape Paul Revere emerges from a dark void the linen shirt he wears is significant because it was American made not imported foregoing luxury items was a political statement like boycotting British goods and their taxes breaks rules in its intimacy and in the way it shows a gentleman at labor Copley painted a lot of clergymen and merchants we can see the ability to create gleaming surfaces engraving tools in front of him the teapot is significant because of the political situation involving tea The Boston Tea Party reference also to his trade as a silver smith Boston Tea was something that was not made by tea leaves but from local herbs evils of British tea Liberty Tea made from plants like golden rod newspapers published recipes for tea the teapot was a very high quality rendition of Revere s artistry and Copley s ability to paint surfaces lighting details Revere was part of the colonial militia that formed on its own artisanal masculinity observant professional and yet not like the more lavish portraits and not full of himself in truth he didn t make that many tea pots so it definitely had more to do with the political statement this portrait conveyed Copley Family portrait compare to West Family Portrait Copley Family artistic self identity 6x9 feet and shown at royal academy family was reunited fictitious inside outside type setting just came back from the grand tour celebration of family the wife looks like a modern Mary holding the Christ child Copley holds drawings in the background shows that Copley s skill are transferrable to all ages Gilbert Stuart Stuart portrait of S Copley very colorful figure looks very British also portrait of John Trumbull in Prison this hit Stuart hard because he faced prison so many times Stuart was born in Rhode island then moved to Scotland mostly abroad spent money rather quickly spends time in London works with Benjamin West in uenced by Sir Ioshua Reynolds extravagant lifestyle gets him into a lot of trouble and moves to America to avoid prison in England because of immense amounts of debt He expressed his desire not to stay in America very long greatest problem in his career was his addiction he drank a lot and was addicted to nicotine single bill was for 80 pounds of snuff sniff it up your nostril he is successful in America but constantly moving around Portrait of George Washington that gets him fame for 100 he produced portraits of George Washington Washington first sits for Stuart in Philadelphia Portrait of The Skater Required image 1782 of a good friend of his compared to Reynolds Admiral Keppel friend and Stuart were both very good skaters graceful leans forward one leg is raised faint lines on the ice Westminster Abbey is in the background full length portrait skating could be a metaphor look what he s wearing silvery gray colors the hat was called a wide awake hat it s charming seen as very sophisticated maybe this man is becoming a personification of a season Portrait George Washington Athenaeum Version required image and Martha Washington very luminous rosy cheeks he preferred to paint directly onto the canvas super difficult painting style he would finish the face in one or two sittings which was extraordinary style is uidly painted loaded the brush without under drawing create clouded mirror why was this used It s like something coming into being Washington was not an easy person to paint or to know he only had one tooth in his mouth and wore dentures all the time sometimes illfitting dentures were seen in his portraits kind of bulging through the cheeks he was very sphinx like not talkative but he did like to talk about horses he was the reigning subject and everyone wanted an image of him false teeth changed the shape of his mouth Stuart wanted to keep this portrait because he thought it was so good and Washington wasn t happy about this but he received a copy not the original this is the portrait that inspired the Washington face on the dollar bill Stuart made more than 60 copies of this portrait alone he doesn t avoid the rosy cheeks or shine of her nose in Martha s portrait Stuart George Washington Vaughan version Vaughan was a friend and admirer of Washington and Franklin red backdrop required image he looks directly out at us features were unique indicative of the strongest passions he could look bored at times very quiet mostly stories about horses that would make Washington come alive Washington would not wear ostentatious attire mouth appears different in this portrait because of different fake teeth the wig projected out Stuart Landsdowne version of George Washington compare to Augustus of Prima Porta required image Washington was very tall 6 3 much taller than any other men back then He did not like having his portrait taken at all these were his last years as president 1796 shown in civilian attire symbolism of furniture at this time the reality of his posing would ve encompassed his pain because of problems with his teeth marijuana was grown on Mount Vernon and may have eased his pain more like a gentleman than a king there was a rainbow symbol of God s promise to His covenant with man symbol of hope from Noah s Ark that God won t ood the world again olive branch and arrows chair with stars and stripes scroll with signature on the table books under the table all suggest his knowledge
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