Popular in Athletic and Sport Injuries
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jeanne Arnson-Serotta on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 184 at a university taught by Magda Aldousany in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
The Ankle 3 important ones on the ankle o Anterior talo means on the ankle o Anterior talo fibular is the front of the ankle posterior talo fibular is behind and CF is going down from the ankle Muscles and Soft Tissue Peroneals run on the lateral side If you roll it laterally you will strain it o Anterior tibialis is a muscle that comes down your calf crosses your shin bone and attaches at your big toe Main action is dorsi exion pulling on that lifts the toes upwards 0 Gastroc are your main calf muscles and your soleus run right underneath it o Plantar fascia is a fascia running from your heel to the ball of your foot is not muscle cannot strain it o Plantar fasciitis 39 Common in runners I Factors predisposing include improper footwear training errors yielding surface running high or little to no arch 39 Signs and Symptoms pain bottom foot near heel pain with WB severe pain first steps of morning lasting 510 minutes at the heel fascia at night gets tense because it s not weight bearing Acute Compartment Syndrome 0 Rapid increase in tissue pressure within nonyielding space 0 The muscles in the compartment usually anterior swell and don t have enough room 0 Acute sense is usually caused by a direct blow to anterolateral aspect of tibia The blood swells and has nowhere to go 0 Severe pain and swelling out of proportion to clinical situation safe to assume this when there is no reason they should be in that much pain and have that much swelling tight skin loss sensation between 1St and 2nd toes and diminished dorsal pedal pulse not enough blood getting to foot Turf Toe 0 Sprain of the capsular ligament of the 1St MTP joint of the great toe o Forced hyperextension or flexion of hyper exion of big toe jamming toe into end of shoe can also be due to repetitive overload 0 SS pain tender swell on bottom of big toe with extreme pain Lateral Ankle Sprain 0 Most common injury in sports 0 Inversion vs eversion lateral ankle sprain is inversion o Medial ankle sprain is aversion 0 Know difference grade 123 0 1 ATP is the first one you ll hurt o 2 CF component adds in too 0 3 most severe because in order to sprain the PTF you have to sprain all three ATF CF and PTF will not be able to walk 0 3 ligaments o Anterior talofibular ligament ATF is most commonly sprained don t be fooled by sTrained o Calcaneofibular ligament o Posterior talofibular Medial Ankle Sprain Usually involves some collision or contact that pushes you that way More rare than A Plantar of foot is turned out laterally injury occurs Happens when you39re changing directions and going from weight bearing to not weight bearing Common when another player lands on foot May happen when come down from jump incorrectly Syndesmotic High ankle Sprain Injury to distal furthest from body section of tibiofibular syndesmosis Often undiagnosed so longer recovery usually due to severity once diagnosed Less 11 all ankle injuries Mechanism of injury DF and ERDorsi exion with external rotation is what gives you a high ankle sprain Same as inversion but much slower healing time usually return to play in 3 months Achilles Tendon Rupture Happens when you39re on the ball of your foot and the knee is bending More common men 3050 yrs old Occurs push off forefoot while knee extended propulsion Will feel like you ve been shot in the calf hearing a pop sometimes deformity will present 0 Rupture usually 12 inches above where tendon attaches to calcaneus heel bone 0 Refer to physician bandage from ankle to knee with elastic bandage Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome 0 Periostitis along medial border of tibia especially distal 13 0 Becomes in amed with a lot of microtears pulling away from your shin bone 0 Signs and symptoms dull ache occasionally sharp deep pain worse start activity fades as activity continues but returns a few hours after activity has stopped Stress Fracture of the Tibia 0 See it in a bone scan 0 Often in runners and jumpers 0 M01 repetitive stress 0 Pain worse with activity better rest localized sharp pain 0 Caused increased distance training surface shoe type 0 Repetitive stress 0 Rest boot for 3 weeks return to activity 68 weeks 0 More common in women with amenorrhea Freebie Test Question 1 He s diagnosed with a grade 2 calfgastroc strain what type of force is this a Compression axial shear or tension Tension 2 TF 9pain with active range of motion AROM but no pain with passive PROM is usually related to muscle strains TRUE 3 TF9 a sublixation is the same as dislocation The bones of a joint are displaced from their normal position due to a great force FALSE 4 Which one is correct a Ana has an ACL tear with significant swelling 3 days post injury She is in the proliferation phase b Ana is one year post opp ACL Scar tissue has formed c Ana is 2 days post ACL tear with significant swelling She is in the in ammatory phase 1 Ana is one year post opp Scar tissue has formed She is in the in ammatory phase
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