India 5.1 and India 5.2
India 5.1 and India 5.2 ART 275
Popular in World Arts: Visual
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Art 275, Cjs 307, Geo 207, Mat 113, Phi 101
Julia Alexandra Lord
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Heuertz on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ART 275 at Illinois State University taught by Maggie Duncan-Flowers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 158 views. For similar materials see World Arts: Visual in Art at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
World Art 275 Dr DuncanFlowers Things recommend 1 Listen to ALL of the audio videos it is a very good review and the professor goes over all of the key vocabulary and people that show up on exams there 2 While listening to the audio videos be sure to take pictures on your phone of the images shown so you can look back incase there is a question asked about it on the exam about it 3 Take the self tests Many of the exam questions are actually from the self tests that the professor provides KEY Underlined Titles Topic being discussedname of art piece being discussed Bold wordsnames Important vocabulary Combined bold and underline The section being discussed India 51 The Buddha c 563483 Jatakas Sanskrit for birth stories stories of the previous lives of the Buddha and his miraculous birth Prince of the Shakya clan was born in Lumbini in Southern Nepal Budha Siddhartha Gautama Prince of Shakya clan destined to be a king Scenes from the life of the Budha relief sculpture from stupa at Amaravati lndia c 200 CE Four Scenes 1 Queen Maya s Dream Queen Maya had a dream about a white elephant symbolizing Siddhartha Budha to be reincarnated for the last time on Earth 2 Birth of Budha Queen Maya began labor while traveling to go see her family She was in Lumbini Grove which is made of shall trees Her birth was very extraordinary because she was a virgin and gave birth to Siddhartha Budha through her side Queen Maya s tendons layer by her side after she gave birth with many gifts of praise 3 Prophecy of the Sage Asset King Suddhodana Father of Siddhartha husband to Queen Maya King Suddhodana realized that his son Siddhartha could become very powerful so he decided to seclude Siddhartha for a good portion of his life At 21 Siddhartha had a son and wife and gave up his lavish life style of being a prince to roam the world and find the meaning of suffering Candle Lidht ViCliI at the Bodhi Tree Also known as the Festival of Lights Siddhartha spent the next six years of his life learning meditation and picked up extreme practices such as not eating sleeping in grave yards sleeping on thorns etc Siddhartha did this in order to become enlightened Siddhartha was close to starving to death when Sujata came to him with a bowl of rice and milk and convinced him to eat it Sujata Girl who convinced Siddhartha to eat and saved his life Siddhartha then realized he was getting no where by punishing his body so severely and gave up his extreme practices Siddhartha then meditated for fortynine days under a pipal tree Middle Way Type of meditation in order to reach enlightenment not severe like other practices more commonly done During his meditation Mara kept distracting him Mara God of desire Siddhartha then took a look at his past lives and karma during meditation and conquered his mental poisons Siddhartha then had his mind awakened and became the Buddha Bodhi Tree Enlightenment tree Bodhigaya Place of enlightenment The Site of the Buddha s First Sermon in the Deer Park at Sarnath The First Turning of the Wheel of Dharma The event of the first sermon Known as third greatest Buddhist pilgrimage site The next fourthfive years Buddha wandered along the Ganges River Valley teaching all who wanted to be taught about the study to the path of freedom Dharma Sanskrit for the truth of things the law the teachings of Buddha Four Noble Truths Eight Fold Path Four Noble Truths 1 First Noble Truth Suffering is a condition of our material existence nothing in the material world is lasting 2 Second Noble Truth The cause of suffering is our attachment to things or people who are not permanent 3 Third Noble Truth If we can be awaken to real conditions of existence then we can achieve an enlightened state of mind experience of the Buddha and find peace 4 Fourth Noble Truth Most important called Eight Fold Path discipling the mind which means living ethically and discipling the mind by cultivating through mindfulness and meditation Basically clean up your act and concentrate on the mind and use of your concentrated mind in order to investigate reality Sanga Monastic community built by Dharma Stupa Stupa Structure symbolizing the Buddha s enlightened mind Parinirvana of the Buddha Ajanta Caves 6th CE During the Gupta Period Death in a shala grove at Kushinara Kushingar Ananda His disciple prepared Buddha s death bed Once Buddha died he was mourned openly by his disciples as seen in the image shown in the audio video This sculpture is twentytwo feet big Buddha is seen in this image as very calm and that he looks like he is sleeping as if his death was a gentle passing This is known as the fourth important pilgrimage destination India 52 Earlv Buddhism Dharma Entire body of Buddha s teachings Sutras Buddha s individual sermons or discourses The first Buddhist Council began in 438 BCE and was made up of his followers after he had passed away Pali Canon Earliest written collection of the Buddhist teachings Theravada School One of the most important teachings of Buddha Emphasizes the monastic life Recognizes the Buddha only as a historical teacher and model Accepts only the teachings of the Pali Canon Arhant ideal spiritual practice Emphasis on individual enlightenment Mahavana School meanind Greater Vehicle Second most important teachings of Buddha Emphasizes on the enlightenment of all beings Bodhisattva ideal of spiritual practice Accepts a larger canon of Buddha s more advanced teachings Belief in the concept of a cosmic Buddha as a pure consciousness Bimaran Reliouarv Reliquary Container for the remains of a holy person Stupa Mound of dirt for burial On the reliquary shown you see Buddha flanked by disciples This is one of the earliest surviving images of Buddha as a human being This image is inspired by GrecoRoman philosopher In the inscription it says at one point it held some of Buddha s remains Asoka the Great Asoka ruled from 273232 He expanded his empire greatly In 231 after a very bloody battle he realized it was unnecessary and turned to Buddhism Asoka sent monks to spread the peaceful religion Yakshi Holding a Fly Whisk From Didarganj Maurya Period c 250 BCE Yakshi Symbolizes fertility Voluptuous body big breasts prana breath soft looking no muscle definition Column bv Asoka At Lauriya Nandangarh Nepal 242 BCE Stambha Monolithic column or pillar Capital with Buddhist emblem shown at the top of column Shaft inscribed with legal code at the bottom on column About fiftynine feet high Lion Capital on Ashokan Stambha Deer Park at Sarnath Sarnath Site of Buddhist s first sermon Capital has three parts lnverted lotus blossom Wheel lying horizontally Four addorsed back to back roaring lions Animals on the capital Persian and Hellenistic Greek sculptures The animals that are seen lion horse bull and elephant are guarding the four quarters of the world Animals are very naturalistic Wheels Represents Buddha s teachings to the whole world Dharmachakra Wheel of the law Dharma Sanskrit for truth or law Chakra Sanskrit for wheel Lomas Rishi Cave Found in Barabar Caves Bihar Third Century BCE Ashoka and grandson Dasratha to promote Buddhism and supported the Ajivika sect They commissioned the carvings of rock cut caves where they could live and practice with others like them Frieze Architectural term for a band of decoration Chaitya Arch Standard form of entrance into Buddhist halls known usually as just chaitya In this image you can see a double frieze one frieze shows elephants and inside of it is very plain
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