Gen Psych Hubbell 10/13/15
Gen Psych Hubbell 10/13/15 PSYC 1200
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Charmaine-Grace Barlao on Tuesday October 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1200 at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute taught by Hubbell in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
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Date Created: 10/13/15
October 5 2015 Fbomb count 78 Audition o The primary auditory cortex is hidden from view on the inner surface oft he upper temporal lobe damage to the primary auditory cortex results in hearing loss 0 the auditory association cortex is located on the literal surface of the upper temporal lobe damage to the left auditory association cortex cause language deficits damage to the right affects ability to recognize nonsuch sounds tones Somatosensation and Spatial Perception o the primary functions of the parietal lobe are perception of our own body and the location of objects around us Planning and Moving o Frontal lobe involved in planning strategies for action evaluation them and changing them if necessary 0 Cerebellum knows what movements the frontal lobes intend to accomplish and what it is doing 0 Basal ganglia involved in the control of particularly slow motor movements Episodic and Spatial Memory 0 role of the hippocampus involved in spatial orientation and episodic memory or our ability to learn and remember experiences in our daily lives Limbic system is involved in learning memory and expression of emotions Figure 429 role of the Amygdala 0 located in the middle of the temporal lobe o affects emotional behavior especially negative emotions such as those caused by pain threat or stress Control of internal function and automatic behavior 0 Brain stem Controls functions vital to survival contains the medulla the pons and the midbrain o Hypothalamus Controls autonomic nervous system eating drinking and fighting Controls pituitary gland Technically a gland because it releases signals Endocrine System 0 Hormones are just chemicals for communicating IMPORTANT QUESTION Chief function of the frontal lobes includes what Planning evaluating movement LETS REVIEW The brain and components drugs and behavior Study of the brain Chapter 5 Learning and Behavior Learning a more or less permanent change in behavior potential due to particular kinds of experiences Three assumptions psychologists make Behavior is lawful behavior is controllable Control of behavior is desirable How learning is studied 0 Pavlov s procedure Pavlov s dogs using the digestive process CLASSICAL CONDITIONING food gt Salivation o Thorndike s procedure 0 Comparison Conditions required for learning The process of learning Biological Basis of reinforcement Learning with experience October 8 2015 Fbomb count 80 Review Pavlov pg 124 to 125 if you even use your textbook personally I have opened my book maybe three times if that even Thorndike s Procedure Law of effect 0 idea that the consequences of a behavior determine whether it is likely to be repeated Hubbell casually says And this is straight out of your textbook students snicker because no one does the reading 0 Self control choice is an illusion 0 used puzzle boxes to test his theories gt pieces of wood and such and made a box out of it and then the cat inside had to figure out how to get out outside the box there was a dish with a treat saw that they didn t push the lever to get to the fish but because of the fish he was measuring a change in behavior as more trials were held the time it took for the cat to get out generally lessened Comparison between Pavlov and Thorndike Pavlov controlled the relation of an environmental stimulus to an eliciting stimulus Thorndike controlled the relation of a response to the eliciting stimulus o sometimes referred to as the respondent procedure Skinner noticed a distinct difference between Pavlov and Thorndike gt in Pavlov s the behavior that can be brought about under environmental control is limited to those responses that can already be elicited by other stimuli Conditions required for learning 0 Classical conditioning procedure unconditioned stimulus unconditioned response conditioned stimulus conditioned response 0 Operant Conditioning procedure reinforcement 0 Temporal Contiguity closeness in time between pairs of events is important for learning to occur 0 Under certain conditions the backward procedure can be successful if the UR has a longggggg duration pg 128 o Behavioral Discrepancy only a stimulus that evoked a behavioral change can function as a reinforcement Schedules of reinforcement o procedures that manipulate the relationship between stimuli responses and reinforcers Ratio Schedules Interval Schedules Process of learning 0 acquisition the is the learning of a response shaping natural selection and learning 0 extinction o stimulus generalization Laws of Association 0 Contiguity followed by Frequency Intensity Contingency depend upon Preparedness OOOO October 13 2015 Ew It s a Monday but on a Tuesday Fbomb count 81 he s been slacking latelyso disappointing Acquisition 0 Learning of a response 0 shaping 0 natural selection and learning 0 conditioned reinforcement 0 Automatic Conditioned Reinforcement Ex nc on 0 When response that was previously reinforced is no longer reinforced resulting in a weakened behavior intermittent reinforcement increases resistance 0 Partial Reinforcement Effect increases resistance to extinction increases behavior persistence Stimulus Generalization 0 process by which learning in one environment affects behavior in another environment Stimulus Discrimination 0 process by which the environmental guidance of behavior is restricted to the environment in which the behavior was reinforced it can be produced by extinguishing the response in other environments 0 ex green light gt food gt will press red light gt no food gt no press lights are a discriminative stimulus 0 Hanson 1959 differential conditioning procedure Pigeons 550nm yellow green pecking was reinforced 555nm more yellow pecking not reinforced Two Term Contingency 0 E1 gt E2 Three Term Contingency o Simulus Response Reinforcer Four Term Contingency o Triangle Disk Circle Disk can be either red or green Red Circle disk gt reinforcer Red Triangle gt nothing Green Triangle gt reinforcer O O O O 0 Green Circle gt nothing 0 O h 0 Shape Color Color shape response reinforcer Contextual Discrimination C oice between Multiple Operants Matching principle in a choice procedure the proportion of responses to an alternative matches the proportion of reinforcers received for responding to that alternative Reinforcement increases response due to the presentation of a reinforcer after the response Reinforcer is an event that increases response when pressed after the response Punishment decreases response due to the presentation of a punisher after the response Punisher is an event that decreases response when presented after the response Negative Side effects of punishment 0 Risk of Injury 0 Inducement of fear and hostility Biological Basis of Reinforcement o Neural Systems of Reinforcement 0 Cellular Mechanisms of Reinforcement Recommend you look at figure 518 of whatever page he mumbled Perceptual Learning 0 Process by which combinations of stimuli guide behavior 0 Latent learning after the stimuli that guise behavior have been experienced but without the behavior being reinforced Instructional Control 0 Guidance of behavior by discriminative stimuli especially verbal stimuli such as directions Observational Learning 0 Occurs when changes in the observer s behavior take place after watching the behavior of others 0 imitation an observer matches the behavior of the person being observed Vicarious reinforcement o seeing someone else be reinforced Important Point Imitation and other generalized responses occur bc some of the stimuli produced by another persons behavior are the same as those produced when the observer engages in the behavior pg 148 Important Question it s been found that a male siamese fighting fish is likely to win a fight if first given a signal CS that predicts a presence of a male intruder US in their territory what does that suggest Classical conditioning has important adaptive functions everyone starts packing up and leaving Hubbell Hey we still got a bit left to do so no packin up yet alright everyone goes back to taking notes or sleeping Chapter 6 Sensation Sensory Processing Vision Audition The chemical senses the Somatosenses Hubbell Alright that s a good place to stop Thank you Everyone REALLY THAT S WHAT WE SAT BACK DOWN FOR
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