New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

CL 113 Lecture 20 3/21/16

by: Lauren Palermo

CL 113 Lecture 20 3/21/16 CL 113LEC

Marketplace > University at Buffalo > Classical Studies > CL 113LEC > CL 113 Lecture 20 3 21 16
Lauren Palermo
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

lecture 20 indo-iranian 3/21/16
Myth & Religion Anc World
Woodard, R D
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Myth & Religion Anc World

Popular in Classical Studies

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.


Reviews for CL 113 Lecture 20 3/21/16


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/22/16
Lecture 20—March 21 Indo-Iranians  Comes from Northern Mesopotamia: Mitanni o Earliest evidence of indo-Iranian language 15 th century B.C. Pieces of evidence: 1. Typical indo-Iranian names 2. Mar-yanni o Finest/elite core warriors of Mitanni o Speakers of a dialect of Mitanni—Hurrian o Sanskrit marya—‘young warrior’ 3. Process of training horses o Tablets contained terms for horses, equipment aka technical terminology  Terminology is indo-Iranian 4. Treaty made between King of Mitanni—Sattiwaza and the King of the Hittites—Suppliliuma o Peace treaty o The people of Mitanni don’t trust the Hittites so Gods of Mitanni were called upon in the treaty to bring destruction upon the Hittites if they broke the treaty o Gods—Mitra, Uruwana, Indara, Nasattiya  Indo-Iranian gods 1500 B.C.  Entry of Indo-Iranian evidence in Mitanni  There were already indo-Iranian’s in India Vedas  Holy Book of Ancient India  4 Vedas  The earliest of the 4 is called—Rig Veda o Existed in an oral form for hundreds of years o Product of the element society—Brahmans  1200 B.C. —when it started taking shape orally  Process of writing it down might have begun around 6 th cent. B.C.  ‘Having been seen’ ‘Knowledge’ (Veda in Sanskrit) o Common origin with the word video  Sama-Veda—2nd Veda o Sama ‘chant’  Atharva-Veda—3 Vedard o The first fire priest  Yajur-Veda—4 Vedah o Sanskrit yajus ‘sacrificial text’ o Handbook that tells us how to perform the sacrifices that the hymns accompany o Most interesting for people who compare languages  Varna ‘class’ –literally it means 3 colors make up Indic society o 3 classes of society: Priests, warriors, goods producers  In Iran—the members of these classes wear different colors  Priests wear white, warriors wear red, goods producers wear blue (or green) Classes make up Vedic society 1. Priests= Brahmana 2. Warriors= KSatriya 3. Producers= Vaisya o Comes from the Sanskrit word Vis ‘clan’  The first 3 classes are referred to as the Arya o Inclusive of themselves & so they are exclusive o Indo-Aryan—master 4. Slaves= Sudra o Non-indo-European Divine society mirrors human society  1 function gods—Adityas  2 ndfunction gods—Rudras o Has similar characteristics as Apollo o Warrior  3 function gods—Vasus  Vasu ‘good’s Chief members of function gods st 1 function chief members= Mitra and Varuna nd 2 function chief member= Indra rd 3 function chief members= Nasatyas Nasatyas  Another name for them is Asvins o Divine twins Mitra  Sanskrit mitra ‘contract’  God of contract o Kind, friend, close human friendships  Classical Sanskrit (later than the Vedas) mitra ‘friend’ st  Embody legal aspect of 1 function Varuna  Punishes sinners; different kind of god, not a friend  Associated with magic  God of waters o Rivers of the world go by the magic of Varuna  If punished by him: o He can strike the sinner with a water belly—where the spaces between the organs fill up with fluids  Embody magical/religious aspect of 1 functiont 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.