CL 113 Lecture 20 3/21/16
CL 113 Lecture 20 3/21/16 CL 113LEC
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Palermo on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CL 113LEC at University at Buffalo taught by Woodard, R D in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Myth & Religion Anc World in Classical Studies at University at Buffalo.
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Date Created: 03/22/16
Lecture 20—March 21 Indo-Iranians Comes from Northern Mesopotamia: Mitanni o Earliest evidence of indo-Iranian language 15 th century B.C. Pieces of evidence: 1. Typical indo-Iranian names 2. Mar-yanni o Finest/elite core warriors of Mitanni o Speakers of a dialect of Mitanni—Hurrian o Sanskrit marya—‘young warrior’ 3. Process of training horses o Tablets contained terms for horses, equipment aka technical terminology Terminology is indo-Iranian 4. Treaty made between King of Mitanni—Sattiwaza and the King of the Hittites—Suppliliuma o Peace treaty o The people of Mitanni don’t trust the Hittites so Gods of Mitanni were called upon in the treaty to bring destruction upon the Hittites if they broke the treaty o Gods—Mitra, Uruwana, Indara, Nasattiya Indo-Iranian gods 1500 B.C. Entry of Indo-Iranian evidence in Mitanni There were already indo-Iranian’s in India Vedas Holy Book of Ancient India 4 Vedas The earliest of the 4 is called—Rig Veda o Existed in an oral form for hundreds of years o Product of the element society—Brahmans 1200 B.C. —when it started taking shape orally Process of writing it down might have begun around 6 th cent. B.C. ‘Having been seen’ ‘Knowledge’ (Veda in Sanskrit) o Common origin with the word video Sama-Veda—2nd Veda o Sama ‘chant’ Atharva-Veda—3 Vedard o The first fire priest Yajur-Veda—4 Vedah o Sanskrit yajus ‘sacrificial text’ o Handbook that tells us how to perform the sacrifices that the hymns accompany o Most interesting for people who compare languages Varna ‘class’ –literally it means 3 colors make up Indic society o 3 classes of society: Priests, warriors, goods producers In Iran—the members of these classes wear different colors Priests wear white, warriors wear red, goods producers wear blue (or green) Classes make up Vedic society 1. Priests= Brahmana 2. Warriors= KSatriya 3. Producers= Vaisya o Comes from the Sanskrit word Vis ‘clan’ The first 3 classes are referred to as the Arya o Inclusive of themselves & so they are exclusive o Indo-Aryan—master 4. Slaves= Sudra o Non-indo-European Divine society mirrors human society 1 function gods—Adityas 2 ndfunction gods—Rudras o Has similar characteristics as Apollo o Warrior 3 function gods—Vasus Vasu ‘good’s Chief members of function gods st 1 function chief members= Mitra and Varuna nd 2 function chief member= Indra rd 3 function chief members= Nasatyas Nasatyas Another name for them is Asvins o Divine twins Mitra Sanskrit mitra ‘contract’ God of contract o Kind, friend, close human friendships Classical Sanskrit (later than the Vedas) mitra ‘friend’ st Embody legal aspect of 1 function Varuna Punishes sinners; different kind of god, not a friend Associated with magic God of waters o Rivers of the world go by the magic of Varuna If punished by him: o He can strike the sinner with a water belly—where the spaces between the organs fill up with fluids Embody magical/religious aspect of 1 functiont
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