Chapter 3: Shifting Agrarian Centers in India
Chapter 3: Shifting Agrarian Centers in India His 151
Popular in Global History to 1500
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dylan Marrandino on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to His 151 at La Salle University taught by Charles A. Desnoyers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 34 views. For similar materials see Global History to 1500 in History at La Salle University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
Chapter 3 Shifting Agrarian Centers in India 3000 BCE 600 BCE The Vanished Origins of Harappa 0 Thought to start in Baluchistan a city within Iran Geography of Indian Subcontinent 0 South surrounded by Arabian Sea Indian Ocean amp Bay of Bengal 0 Northeast region consists of forested mountains with high annual rainfall 0 Internal topography varies from internal highlands to the northwest deserts 0 Agriculture was heavily in uenced by the monsoon cycle of rain and wind patterns Agriculture on the Indus River 0 D Indus Valley Civilization 0 Flourished from c 25001700 BCE then vanished 0 Cities were built on Indus ood plain and thus built on high arti cial hills City Planning 0 Cities are uniform with streets on north south and east west axes o Streets paved with brick and standard widths o Drains and gutters connected to elaborate sewer systems 0 Homes are uniform in construction of brick with elaborate plumbing features Harappan MassProduction and Trade 0 Traded many items of pottery 0 Major trade port was Lotha on the Sabarmati River Harappan Religion 0 Exact nature of Harappan religion uncertain but there are clues to speci c 0 H Harappan Decline and Abandonment 0 Between 1900 and 1700 BCE Harappan cities go into decline and are abandoned 0 Perhaps caused by ecological problems such increased sat levels in the Indus 0 Village agriculture continued to expand into east and south Interaction in Northern India 0 Traditional Aryan narrative was that the lndo Europeans came from the north and fought battles to conquer India 0 Migratory groups originated in the Caspian Sea area and spoke ProtolndoEuropean The Aryans o Settled in India 0 Carried oral tradition that became the Vedas o Composed between 1400 to 800 BCE o The earliest is the Rig Veda which was compared by 900 BCE o Onefourth of the Rig Veda honors the god lndra Aryan Society Broken Up 0 Brahman Holy Men 0 Kshatriya The Kings The Nobles o Vaishya The Merchants Trader 0 Shudra Everyone Else 0 The Aryans 0 Had advanced skills in bronze weaponry use of chariot and after 1000 BCE the use of iron 0 Domesticated cattle sheep and goats o Aryans excelled at horsemanship and used wagons and chariots in battle Janapadas o Agrarianbased states developed in northern India by 800 BCE o By 500 BCE there were sixteen large states or Mahajanapadas
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