Life Cycle Development - Week 8 Notes
Life Cycle Development - Week 8 Notes PSYC 2310
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Saiz on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 2310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Lawrence Cohn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Life Cycle Developmemt in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
Week 8 Life Cycle Development Origins of Conscience continued from week 7 4 Child wishes same sex parent was gone Freud incorrectly referred to this as a death wish 5 Child now worries that parent now knows their wish egocentrism Child thinks everything they know you know 6 Child fears punishment Freud says that little boys fear castration losing their penis 7 Child adopts new strategy quotif you can t beat them join them 8 Identification Gender Development Gender Typing knowing whether you re a girl or boy Gender Identity awareness of your own gender Gender Constancy awareness that you will be that gender your whole life for most people Gender Stereotypes shared beliefs about each gender At age 2 children can identify if others are a boy or girl but it s difficult for them to tell whether they themselves are boygirl at age 2 they also know gender appropriate toys boys play with trucks girls play with dolls By age 3 they know their own gender and can label photos of others as boygirl used as a label When do they realize gender constancy Study performed with children ages 47 Children were given naked dolls with varying appearances some had hair long or short some had muscular bodies or breasts and some either had a penis or they didn t kids were told to choose a name clothes and decide whether that doll was going to be a mommy or a daddy kids chose that long haired dolls were girls and short haired dolls were boys this varies between ages 47 for gender constancy Parenthood amp Child Rearing Parenting Styles Diana Baumrind 1 Permissive parents were nonpunitive did not punish the child consulted the child about rules quotwhat time do you want to go to bed Susie child will say after 11 but parent will say I don t think that s a good idea and try to reason with the child about a decent bedtime instead of asserting their power as the parent 2 Authoritarian parents demand obedience and order they favor punitive measures 3 Authoritative in a way this is a mixture of parenting styles 1 amp 2 the parent explains the reasoning behind their rules to the child Consequences of these Parenting Styles Long Term 1 Permissive these children end up with the lowest level of selfreliance lowest level in achievement orientation lacking or most likely to lack selfcontrol quickest to anger amp quick to recover from that anger 2 Authoritarian these children have the greatest level or apprehension anxietyfear they are the most moody and unhappy vulnerable to stress 3 Authoritative these children turn out to be the most selfreliant highest in energy level great impulse control highest level of cheerfulness Corporal Punishment spanking and such about 1 million badly beaten or abused only 10 of those parents suffer a mental illness 50 of reported cases of abuse begin as corporal punishment spanking and get out of hand most importantly this happens when parent has unrealistic expectations of what the baby or child is capable of doing Punishment can increase aggression in children can become abusive doesn t change the behavior when parent isn t around Over the past 30 years there s been a dramatic decline in corporal punishment NO CLASS TUESDAY
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