Chapter 9 Lecture Notes
Chapter 9 Lecture Notes HDF 213
Popular in Introduction to Human Sexuality
Popular in Human Development
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacobi Johnson on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDF 213 at Central Michigan University taught by Angera, Jeffrey in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Human Sexuality in Human Development at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
Chapter 9 Guided Lecture notes Sexual Orientations Sexual orientation not discrete more continuous many variations in relationships Kinsey 7 pt scale for gradations in orientations Limits Assumes static nature does not capture an asexual perspective or sexual uidity Identi cation rates Kinsey estimated 46 on end of continuum Men are more likely to fall at the extremes homo with no hetero or hetero with no homo NHSLS 14 of females and 28 of males identify as homosexual Questions that are raised Are people born gay or choose to be gay Should gay couples be able to adopt children What bene ts or disadvantages could you see for children of gay parents if any If they found a gay genequot do you think others would become more accepUng Now that gay marriage is federally legalized what is next What are the causes of sexual orientations Psychosocial theories By Defaultquot Theory probbems getting attraction from one gender so the individual essentially switches teamsquot The Seduction Myth the idea that during a critical period of sexual development someone of the same sex pursued the individuals Freud s Theory Dominant mother and detached father Peer In uence 15000 adolescents Orientation or desire for same sex relations not in uenced Lack of research support Choice The in uence of choice RosenBIuth Very little evidence may be more of a factor for women men are more likely to be categorical in sexual orientation Some respond Who would choose to be gay discrimination and harassment Biological Evidence Structural brain differences MRI and PET scans show differences Symmetry and connectivity Numerous studies suggest that prenatal hormones affect sexual orientations in animals amp humans Birth order and sex of siblings Other evidence of a biological in uence Correlation with handedness with homosexuality lesbian and gay males are more likely to be left handed Sexual dimorphism in index nger Lesbians tend to have a shorter index nger like hetero makes Gay men tend to have an index nger and ring nger that are the same length more like hetero females This has inconsistent results however Concordance rates for identical twins are very high for sexual orientation Multifactorial Model from psychiatristJeffrey Satinover MD quotLike all complex behavioral and mental states homosexuality isneither exclusively biological nor exclusively psychological but results from an asyetdifficulttoquantitate mixture of genetic factors intrauterine in uences postnatal environments such as parent sibling and cultural behavior and a complex series of repeatedy reinforced choices occurring at critical phases of developmentquot Parenting Several studies show that children reared by gay parents do not differ from children reared by straight parents in Mental health Social adjustment Quality of relationships with parents Likelihood to grow up to be gay American Academy of Pediatrics and American Psychological Association have made public statements supporting gay adoption yyyy
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