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Week 4 notes

by: Chelsea Scott

Week 4 notes MUSC 2258

Chelsea Scott

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About this Document

These notes covered during week 4
History of Jazz
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in History of Jazz

Popular in Music

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Chelsea Scott on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC 2258 at East Carolina University taught by Daniels in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see History of Jazz in Music at East Carolina University.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
MUSC 2258: Week 4 Notes Ch.4- Early Jazz  Differs from Ragtime, Blues, and Brass Band:  Mostly improved  More relaxed rhythmic feel  Unique repertoire  Use of collective improvisation  Collective Improvisation  Simultaneous improvisation by all members of the group  Instruments complemented one another  Frontline instruments:  Trumpet  Clarinet  Trombone  Rhythm section instruments:  Guitar, banjo, tuba, piano, drums, occasionally string bass, bass saxophone  Dixie Jazz Band One-Step: (The Dixieland Jazz Band)  First instrumental Jazz recording (1917)  Recorded in New York city not New Orleans  Collective Improvisation  Trumpet = melody  Clarinet = fills  Trombone = smears  1920’s USA nd  November 2 , 1920= the first radio broadcast from Kida, Pittsburg  Phonography= invented by Thomas Edison in 1877  18 amendment to he constitution (Volstead ACT) 1920. Outlawed all production, consumption, transportation, and sales of alcohol. This created thousands of “speakeasy’s” across the nation  21 amendment repealed the Volstead ACT (1933)  the Charleston featured “flappers” (dancers)  “Alligator Hop”- King Oliver and his Creole Jazz band:  Joe “King” Oliver- New Orleans trumpeter and mentor to Louis Armstrong. Relocated to Chicago in 1918  Louis Armstrong- the first grat soloist in Jazz history  “Alligator Hop”- includes collective improvisation, recorded in 1923 in Richmond, Indiana  Jelly Roll Morton:  From New Orleans but famous for recordings made in Chicago  The first Jazz pianist and the first important Jazz composer  The first musician to notate the New Orleans style  Bridged the piano styles of Ragtime and Early Jazz  Early Jazz Piano Players  James P. Johnson- contemporary of Jelly Roll Morton; considered to be the “father of stride piano”  Fats Walker- composer, singer, entertainer; one of the most popular musicians in Jazz history  Earl Hines- performed with Louis Armstrong; improvised in a “trumpet like” style with his right hand in octaves  Louis Armstrong  One of the greatest musicians in the history of Jazz. The “father of jazz”  Considered to be the first great soloist in jazz history  Responsible for developing intelligent and emotional improvised solos  West End Blues  Armstrong’s trumpet introduction contains one of the most famous solo improvisations in jazz history. rd  The 3 chorus contains call and response (question and answer) between clarinet and voice, an early example of Scat Singing technique  Bix Beiderbecke  Influential trumpet player in the early Jazz period (1920’s) that played in a style influenced by Louis Armstrong but more restrained  “cool- style” riverboat shuffle  Popularity of Early Jazz  One of the most popular Jazz styles  Artists like Louis Armstrong, Jelly Roll Morton, Fats Walker, and Bessie Smith attracted many listeners  Early Jazz is still played today all over the world (New Orleans’ Preservation Hall)  The popularity of Early Jazz coincides with the popularity of radio and the phonograph


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