Lecture 10: Greek City States
Lecture 10: Greek City States HIST 1010- 004
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ali Notetaker on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1010- 004 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Craig in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see World History I in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
Lecture 10 Greek City States Outline l The development of the Greek World ll Unity Greek Culture lll Diversity Greek Politics a Athens bSpa a c Discussion The Melian Dialogue IV Why should we care Greece amp Persia Resistance amp rebellion Thermopylae o 480 BCE quotAs long therefore as we followed these re exions we could not but conclude that man is by nature tted to govern all creatures except his fellowman But when we Trade Art Naturalistic The human nude Sculpture Praxiteles o No original sculptures but tons of copies because of how revolutionary he was 0 1st to sculpt nude female Vase painting Religion Gods amp goddesses Mount Olympus Athletics Unity amp competition Olympia The Olympic Games Philosophia What is the nature of the universe gt What should government look like Socrates 469399 BCE Plato 427347 BCE forums philosopherkings The Republic 0 Ideas exist as perfect realities but aren t perfect in the world Aristotle 384322 BCE empiricism research Politics 0 Empiricism the idea that you take observations and it helps you gure something out about the universe Later Developments Philosophia How do you live a goodhappy life Cynicism Diogenes c 412323 BCE 0 quotLike a dogquot Epicureanism Epicurus c 341271 BCE o quotPursuit of pleasure o Pleasure absence of disturbance not caring Stoicism Zeno of Citium c 334c 262 BCE o Named after painted Stoa Where stoics meet 0 Fait is in control amp accept it 0 quotJust keep swimmingquot 0 Strive for virtue but stay indifferent Warfare Trireme 0 Powered by young citizen rowers Hoplites Phalanx o Hoplites formed together to ght 0 Military technology formed from constant warfare o Solidarity within the state A Diverse Political World CityState pols plural poles Selfgovernment Agora 0 Open market place 0 Economic political amp social heart of the city Free citizens quototherquot free persons unfree persons Comparing Sparta amp Athens quot I suppose if Lacedaemon were to become desolate and the temples and the foundations of the public buildings were leftquot 0 LacedaemonSparta Athens Demokratia Direct amp limited Demagogues Pericles o Leaders who put together reforms Chattel slavery o Slavery where people are treated as possessions quotA slave is a living possessionquot Aristotle The Parthenon quotOn top of the Acropolis where the Parthenon isquot The Elgin Marbles British Museum Greece or Britain Extremely in uential Sparta Harsh military culture 0 Always preparing for war Women amp men Helots o Subjugated amp terrorized population Rejection of coins chattel of slavery The Melian Dialogue Who Thucydides an Athenian historian amp general writing the end of the 5th c BCE What What we call the quotMelian Dialoguequot is an excerpt of Thucydides major work The History of the Peloponnesian War When The Peloponnesian War 431404 BCE quot5th c BCEquot Where Athens Sparta Melos the Aegean Sea the Eastern Mediterranean