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Week 3 Notes

by: Vanessa Zimmerman

Week 3 Notes PSYC 10300

Vanessa Zimmerman

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About this Document

Biological basis of behavior
General Psychology
Adam Leuke
Class Notes
General Psychology, Introduction to Psychology, Psychology, intro, general, psych
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Zimmerman on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10300 at Ithaca College taught by Adam Leuke in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Week  3  Psychology  Notes     Biological  Bases  of  Behavior:   1.   Neuron  and  Glial  Cells   -­‐   Neuron:  Cell  that  Receives,  Integrates,  and  Transmits  energy   -­‐   Parts:   -­‐   Soma:  cell  body   -­‐   Dendrites   -­‐   Axon   -­‐   Myelin  Sheath   -­‐   Terminal  Buttons/Vesicles/Neurotransmitters   -­‐   Synapse   -­‐   Reuptake/Breakdown   -­‐   Glial  cells:  helper                               Neurotransmitters   -­‐   Different  depending  on  the  binding  sites   -­‐   Acetylcholine  (ACh)  –  btwn  every  motor  neuron  and  muscle   o   Movement   o   Botulism  –  block  release  of  ACh   o   Curare  and  Cobra  Poison  –  block  ACh  binding  sites   o   Black  Widow  Venom  –  prevents  breakdown  of  ACh     -­‐   Norepiniphrine  (NE)  –  activates  various  body  systems   o   Amphetamines  –  stimulates  release  and  blocks  breakdown   o   Reserpine  –  leaks  NE  and  breaks  down;  horse  tranquilizer   -­‐   Dopamine  (DA)   o   Related  to  NE;  amphetamines  and  cocaine   o   Parkinson’s  Disease  –  L  DOPA   o   Schizophrenia  –  Thorazine   o   Addiction  -­‐   -­‐   Serotonin  (5-­‐HT)  –  mood  and  emotion   o   Depression   o   LSD  –  serotonin  antagonist;  Mushrooms  -­‐  agonist   -­‐   GABA  –  inhibitory   o   Alcohol  –  stimulates  receptors  for  longer   -­‐   Endorphins  -­‐   o   Acupuncture  –  stimulate  endorphins  release   o   Opiates  –  mimics  endorphins   o     Cerebral  Specialization   -­‐   Left  Hemisphere  and  language   o   Broca’s  Area  -­‐  speech   o   Wernicke’s  Area  –  understanding   o   Speech  and  handedness  –  males  and  females   o   Split  Brain  studies   §   Contralateral;  vision  is  slightly  different   §   Gazanigga:  pencil  on  the  left        


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