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Week 6 Notes

by: Vanessa Zimmerman

Week 6 Notes PSYC 10300

Vanessa Zimmerman

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About this Document

Classical conditioning.
General Psychology
Adam Leuke
Class Notes
General Psychology, Introduction to Psychology, Psychology, intro, general, psych
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Vanessa Zimmerman on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 10300 at Ithaca College taught by Adam Leuke in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Ithaca College.


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Date Created: 03/22/16
Week  6  Psychology  Notes     Classical  Conditioning:   Terms:   -­‐   Unconditioned  Stimulus  (US)   o   Naturally  elicits  a  response  (tickling)   -­‐   Unconditioned  Response  (UR)   o   Natural  response  (laughter  as  a  response  to  tickling)   -­‐   Conditioned  Stimulus  (CS)   o   Added  stimulus  to  the  unconditioned  stimulus  (coughing  before  you  tickle   someone)   -­‐   Conditioned  Response  (CR)   o   You  will  gain  the  response  without  the  unconditioned  stimulus  anymore  (just   coughing  will  make  that  person  laugh)   Basic  Processes  in  Classical  Conditioning:   -­‐   Acquisition   o   Contiguity  and  contingency   §   Consistently  paired   §   Close  together  in  time   -­‐   Extinction   o   Spontaneous  Recovery   §   Putting  us  in  the  original  environment  when  we  learned  the  conditioned   response,  it  will  pick  right  back  up  again  for  a  little  while   -­‐   Stimulus  Generalization:  taking  features  of  the  stimulus  and  generalizing  it  to  other   things   o   Pick  up  aspects  of  the  conditioned  stimulus   o   Little  Albert  video  <-­‐  conditioned  baby  to  fear  the  white  rat,  became  fearful  of  a   bunny,  Santa  Claus  mask  with  white  bead.  Anything  generally  similar  to  the   white  rat.   -­‐   Stimulus  Discrimination:  opposite  to  generalization,  only  being  conditioned  to  the  exact   association  with  the  unconditioned  stimulus     -­‐   High  Order  Conditioning:  conditioned  stimulus  becomes  so  powerful  that  it  can  rub  off   on  another  previous  neutral  stimulus  and  have  that  become  a  conditioned  stimulus   o   Sexual  fetishes   Other  factors  in  Classical  Conditioning:   -­‐   Preparedness     o   Conditioned  taste  aversion:  our  body  does  this  to  protect  us  from  poisonous   things  in  the  world   §   Drinking  too  much  of  one  kind  of  alcohol  and  never  being  able  to  drink   that  again   •   If  you  still  drink  it  after  the  experience,  and  then  you  have  a   higher  chance  of  getting  sick  the  second  time   §   Eating  a  spoiled  piece  of  chicken.  Associate  that  experience  with  all   chicken,  that  you  can’t  eat  chicken  anymore.  Distance  yourself  from  it.     -­‐   Phobias   o   Certain  phobias  that  have  a  clear  sense  of  danger  forms  quickly  (spiders,  heights,   snakes)   -­‐   Conditioned  Inhibition   o   Stress  in  rats:  2  rats,  one  who  was  shocked  at  random,  the  other  was  shocked   after  the  light  was  turned  on.  The  one  who  was  shocked  at  random  never  got  the   chance  to  relax,  high  anxiety.       EX.  From  everyday  life:   -­‐   Fear  and  anxiety   o   ^Phobias  are  generally  product  of  classical  conditioning  (think  of  the  JAWS   theme  song  –  elicits  fear  not  because  of  the  song,  but  because  the  association   with  sharks)   -­‐   Physiology   -­‐   Drugs   o   Caffeine  and  overdosing   §   Compensation:  refers  to  the  body's  natural  mechanisms  of  counteracting   a  primary  acid-­‐base  disorder  in  an  attempt  to  maintain  homeostasis.   (building  up  a  tolerance  to  drugs)   §   Environmental  cues  that  you  have  wherever  you  take  that  drug.  Your   body  gets  ready  to  take  that  drug.  When  you  change  your  location,  you   are  more  likely  to  overdose  because  your  body  hasn’t  been  conditioned   to  get  ready  to  take  the  drug  because  it  didn’t  have  the  environmental   cue  (new  environment)   -­‐   Attitudes  –  evaluative  conditioning   o   Advertising   §   Conditioned  Stimulus:  Product  itself   §   Conditioned  Response  to  seeing  product  in  store  based  on  commercials:   •   Sexuality   •   Loveable  mascot   •   Jingles   •   Humor      


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