Persian Wars II
Persian Wars II CLA 2110
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Maynard on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CLA 2110 at Florida State University taught by Angela Tuminno in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 86 views. For similar materials see Debates about the Past: Greek in Classical Mythology at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
CLA2110 10515 The Persian Wars Part II o How did the Greeks ght 0 Phalanx holding shields up as a barrier with spears pointing out Hoplites soldiers o Hoplite named after the shield they carried Hoplon shield Had to provide own armor must have some money to be a hoplite 0 Fighting for time honor Polis the person ghting next to you is very important lmmortality brought to family when ghting o Sacri ce to gods before battle 0 Persians strong cavalryhorses don t do well in some terrain must be very wealthy to have horses Greeks strong infantryhoplites o Trireme three story boat with 170 oarsmen Experimental archaeology trying to do something the way it would have been done in the ancient past 0 PreMarathon 4908C o Miltiades Greek commander o Hippias helping Persians o Greeks outnumbered 2 to 1 26000 vs 11000 0 Attack now Wait for Spartans Submit Communication would send runners to carry messages Pheidippides run 0 Sent to get help from Spartans 0 Celebrating religious festival for full moon would not participate in battle Ran 150 miles in 2 days 0 Battle Time Marathon 490 BC 0 Stalemate 4 days Half of Persians sail away to Athens 0 Miltiades attacked Athenians Plataeans seal exits Greek Victory 0 Hero s burial for Greek hoplites 192 Greeks died as apposed to the many thousands of Persians Same number as on the freeze Victory for quotfarmer warriorsquot O O O Herodotus 578 quotThis proved if there were need of proof how noble a thing is freedomquot Same government that Cleisthenes created by splitting up villages MAJOR victory for baby democracy only 15 years old Ideological victory Potential end of western civilization if Athenians had lost 0 490480 BC Decade in Between 0 O O O Miltiadesceebrity Charges dies in jail in 489 BC Themistocles became main general Navy lower classes sailors from inner city Convinced the Persians will come back Take time prepare by building eet 483BC discover silver mines near Athens What to do Themistocles invest it in the navy Create major military power out of Athenians before it had only been Sparta Similar to WWII getting USA out of depression PreThermopylae O O 0000 O Persian King Darius anger from loss at Marathon 486BC Darius dies Xerxes wants to avenge father 483BC Xerxes attempts to cross Hellespont 482BC Athens buckles down on navy gets organized 481BC confederation of Greek allies met at Corinth 480BC Persians moving down from north joined by eet down the coast 480BC confederation of allies Sparta and Athens meets again Themistocles two blocking points and evacuation to Peloponnesus Blocking points Thermopylae and Artemesium 0 Battle at Thermopylae 480 BC 0 O O O Thermopylae quothot gatesquot two entrances Leonidas Spartan leading general Two days Ephialtes Greek traitor told Xerxes about secret path through mountains so they could come up behind soldiers Guided them by night Third day trap set Greeks out anked Synchronized Persian assault Epic last stand Spartans never retreat O O Every Spartan died almost every ally also Shows how proud and good the Greeks felt about themselves after Marathon Persians lost 20000 Herodotus 7175 72007225 0 Meanwhile at Artemesium O O O O O O 800 Persian ships 280 Greek allied ships Themistocles aided by EurybiadesSpartan Three days Both sides roughly equal losses Athenians lost about half of ships Evacuated after news from runner reached them of Thermopylae ln icted severe damages Persians on Athenians Aftermath of Thermopylae O O O O Persian rampage of Boetian allies Plataea utterly destroyed Total destruction of countryside Most Greeks were farmers hurt the agricultureliving Persians coming for Athens Army and navy moving together Some Athenians evacuate to Salamis in island Themosticles Oracle at Delphi quotseek protection behind the wooden wallsquot Some interpreted it as hiding within Acropolis Themistocles was convinced the Oracle was talking about his strong new army Persians annihilated the Acropolis Shoot aming arrows into Acropolis killing women children priests etc CONCEPT To KNOW Phalanx Hoplite Hoplon Trireme MHUades Themistocles Pheidippides Battle of Marathon Battle of Thermopylae Battle of Artemesium Darius Xerxes Burial mound at Marathon Leonidas Wooden walls Ephialtes