Speaking and Relating in the Information Age Chapter 2
Speaking and Relating in the Information Age Chapter 2 COM 101
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachael Ring on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM 101 at Central Michigan University taught by Addington, Samantha in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
Perception Self and Communication Perception A process in which we become aware of people objects events and activities in the external world and made sense of it Perceptions are influenced by our experiences Three Steps in the Perception Process 1 Selection 0 Selective attention when we direct our attention to certain stimuli an ignore others 0 Selective exposure conscious efforts to seek out stimuli that are consistent with our beliefs attitudes and values 0 Perceptual accentuation when needs influence perceptions and lead us to see what we expect and want to see 0 Selective retention the decision to minimize messages that are painful unpleasant or inconsistent with our selfimage 0 Ex funerals 2 Organization 0 Schemata cognitive templates that stimuli are organized into filing cabinets 4 Types of Cognitive Schemata 1 Prototypes a model that represents the most ideal example of what you want 2 Personal constructs mental representations of how we interpret and organize people events and objects 0 Ex good and bad attractive and ugly 3 Stereotypes generalizations and judgments about people and s ua ons 4 Scripts developed to organize routine and predictable communication 3 Interpretation When we make sense of our perceptions Attribution theory a process where we develop explanations for peoples behavior motives and intentions 0 Ex Why people do what they do 0 Selfserving bias taking credit for successes but blaming others for failures 0 Fundamental attribution error attributing others behavior to internal causes rather than external causes Influences on Perception Implicit personality theory good person high intelligence 0 Halo and honored effect good looking good leader 0 Primaryrecency what comes first is more influential Symbolic interaction theory developing our sense of self based on the feedback we receive from others 0 Gives info on whether to confirm or alter our behavior