Week 10 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101)
Week 10 Notes - Intro to Psychology (PSYCH 1101) PSYCH 1101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Mays on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1101 at Georgia Regents University taught by Verlaque, L. in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia Regents University.
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Date Created: 03/22/16
3/15/16 – 3/17/16 Week 10 Psychology Notes Stereotype – generalized beliefs about a group Prejudice – attitudes toward a group Discrimination – unjustified behaviors towards a group, emotions involved include fear, hostility, and envy, when emotions drive your behavior Prejudice can be decreased over time, personal experience can change The change is with each cohort, new generation is much more accepting See that with a lot of prejudice, can change depending on the cohort Housing applications – everything is the same, but names that are stereotypically white get chosen over black or Hispanic names Can influence – neighborhood, school system, commute, how people are able to get ahead We generally don’t really teach girls to fight for themselves Ingroups vs. Outgroups Arbitrary groups that are not so different Sport teams that get really riled up Animosity can develop Give them a task to work on together so that they have to cooperate to fix it Emotional Roots for Prejudice Scapegoat – source to blame Frustration can bring it out Deficient amygdala – no prejudice beliefs Other Race Effect – we see more uniformity in other races, harder to tell differences in other races, easier to tell differences in people we’ve been raised around Power of Vivid Case – a very powerful vivid case stands out in your mind and so you ignore the actual information and statistics “Just World” Belief – others get what they deserve and deserve what they get 3/15/16 – 3/17/16 Robber’s Cave Experiment Aggression – behavior with the intent to harm others or yourself Physical – hitting, throwing Verbal – yelling, cursing Relational – gossiping, leaving out someone, keeping information away, done behind the backs of others Can be planned or reactive, impulsive or cold and calculated Biology Genetics – temperament (genetic link), identical twins, selectively breed in and out of animals, males more prone to aggression Biochemistry – testosterone (irritability and aggressive response to frustration) and alcohol (disinhibited, aggressive behavior not seen as forbidden, more likely to interpret neutral acts as provocation, engage in violent crimes and ignore peace making options) Neural – amygdala (fear and danger) if its stimulated you have an angry reaction, inactive frontal lobes result in low impulse control, personality change, aggressive tendencies Psychosocial Aversive conditions – unpleasant conditions, hot weather, more crime and aggression, lashing out in paint, overcrowding, bad smells Reinforced – aggression can yield rewards, works with bullies, it gets reinforced and increases in intensity and frequency Modeling – seeing parents yell, abuse in the house hold, children more likely to engage if it is seen at home Culture/media – modeling flows through this Social script – socially constructs on how to act in certain situations, based on queues Violent media, videogames, books, shows normalize it but the opposite also hold true and can have a positive impact by increasing helping behavior Frustration Aggression Principle Looking for a target because frustration has been building up Attraction Basic foundation – agree on things Finding common ground, more difficult if you’re coming from different backgrounds Have more area where it’s easier and more comfortable to meet 3/15/16 – 3/17/16 Space where there’s not conflict Mirror Exposure Effect Rank people higher in attractiveness if you see them all the time Plays into political campaigns Seeing your features in someone else’s face will also make you more likely to vote for them Physical Attractive people thought to be Healthier Happier But they are mistrusting Standards of Physical Attraction that are Universal Face symmetry, clear face and teeth, looking average Men – look for youth and fertility (hips) Women – look for masculinity (shoulders) and maturity Read about Love and the Different Types! Altruism – selflessness to the point of selfsacrifice, helping others without expectation of reward More likely to engage in when you’re in a good mood
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