diebieties and carbs
diebieties and carbs NUTR 400 L21
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Krasko on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to NUTR 400 L21 at University of New Hampshire taught by Professor Jesse Morrell in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Nutrition Health & Well Being in Biological Sciences at University of New Hampshire.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
Which bread has the highest ber Re ned grain Enriched grain Whole grain A Which described Glycemic index Ratio of glycogen to ber in a food item Extent to which a food item raises blood glucose A Blood glucose lever after 12 hr fast Upper limit for daily sucrose intake True or False Restricting added sugars from the diet has been shown to be an effective treatment for ADHD F True or False One with lactose intolerance must avoid all dairy products for the rest of life F Lactose Intolerance Symptoms nausea bloating abdominal pain diarrhea Cause lactose de ciency Prevalence Varies Treatment dietary changes yogurt portions hard cheeses actase supplements Low Carb Diets different names lt1OO g CHOday unlimited meats high fat foods low glycogen synthesis water and body protein loss short term vs long term effects Diabetes 25 of people with diabetes go undiagnosed 1 in every 11 people chronic disease that develops over time rising rates of diabetes along with obesity chronic disease major cause of blindness kidney disease amputations and infections 24x as likely to develop heart disease key characteristic hyperglycemia ALL related to hyperglycemia high blood glucose Type 1 diabetes ess common 510 more serious no insulin produced below 20 age typically always requires insulin autoimmune result from autoimmune disease and condition in the body The immune system is mistakenly told to attack itself the beta cells are attacked in the pancreas so lack glucose cells are made and they aren t able to get in the cells No insulin blood glucose levels rise Type 2 diabetes more common9095 Age gt40 1019 insuin sometimes required Can also just be better diet or activity Obesity insuin is being produced still but insulin production is less productive insuin resistance insuin is no longer effective Acute Complications of Diabetes Glucose cant enter bodys galls high blood glucos ketones produced I gucose in urine ketones in loodurine Ketoacidosi A Dehydration and Acidosis key Chronic Complications cardiovascular disease microangiopathies retinopathy eyes nephropathy kidney neuropathy nerves Signs amp Symptoms of Diabetes polyuria excessive urination polydypsia excessive thirst polyphagie excessive hunger unexplained weight loss and fatigue blurred vision numbness in hands r feet slow to heal cuts and bruises Diagnosing Diabetes fasting blood glucose oral glucose tolerance test someone comes in fasting you give a sugary drink Then measure blood glucose if diabetic blood glucose will be high Living with diabetes blood glucose levels hemoglobin A1C ife changes diet exercise Drug Therapy ora medications insulin therapy All type 1 s will be on this Type two may take either one of these Gestational Diabetes occurs only during diabetes screening at 2428 weeks gestation health risks to mom and fetus a fetus may grow very large Macrosomia very large baby treatment key Characteristic of diabetes hyperglycemia Wh y cant insulin be administered by the GI tract it is a protein and will be denatured by the GI tract Cardiovascular Disease Leading Cause of Death in the US heart disease chronic disease disease of the heart or vascular system including heart disease stroke generay due to slowing or blockage of blood ow most common underlying cause of cardiovascular disease ANTHEROSCLEROSIS n ammation and build up of fatty deposits within vessel walls rst step to antheroclerosis injury to artery wall gets injured by pollutants in our blood white blood cells will tey to repair damage this attracts platelets and oxidation may happenBAD paque may develop and grow Other CVD Terms stroke portion of brain does not receive enough blood aneurysm outward bulging of a blood vessel bood clots small insoluble particles of blotted blood and clotting factors thrombus stationary clot embous moving clot Heart disease Angina Pectoris chest pain due to inadequate blood ow Myocardial nfarction blood ow to heart muscle is blocked When blood ow to heart is completely blocked downstream tissue damage may occur Ml Symptoms intense crushing chest pain shortness of breath sweating weakness nausea comiting dizzinessgt less common but still occur jaw neck shoulder pain7
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