History 102 Week 2 Notes
History 102 Week 2 Notes HIST 102 011
Popular in Western Civ: 1648 - Present
Popular in History
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Blaine on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 011 at University of Delaware taught by David Shearer in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 51 views. For similar materials see Western Civ: 1648 - Present in History at University of Delaware.
Reviews for History 102 Week 2 Notes
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 10/14/15
Constitutional Monarchy in Britain 0 O OO PostTreaty of Westphalia 60 Noble Families and monarch control kingdom power from land 7580 of land belongs to nobles Growing merchant class 20000 More capital than the nobles Increasingly politically and economically powerful Trade establishments Colonies Commercial Revolution n More capital generated by commercialism than by land Public Investment Trading companies Many people contribute money get returns People owned the trading companies Merchants were just as wealthy without titles of nobility Mercantilism commercial capitalism Merchant class gentry Rivaled nobility in wealth and status Don t have the historyland o Nobility Status from land military basis 0 Gentry l status from commercialism Parliament 0 Deliberating body to advise monarch o 2 houses House of Lords nobility 50 people a Not super powerful House of Commons n Representatives from population 0 Election by property Bankers businessmen guilded merchants n Combination of wealth and power put gentry in a weird position economic power political power 0 Con ict between gentry and nobles mostly about money 0 Monarchy in trouble merchants doing good Wars nancial trouble 0 1603 0 Elizabeth dies crown to James VI of Scotland cousin Unites the 2 countries 0 James VI goes to Parliament for more money Commons wants a say No taxation wo representation James is angry because he thinks he only has to answer to god 0 Parliament controlled by radical protestants Refuge for Calvinists Effecting political attitudes towards Puritans 0 James and son Charles same as his father Con ict bw Parliament and monarch Mini war 164248 0 Divided bw royalist forces nobility and parliament gentW Puritan leader Cromwell Caught Charles executed in 1689 Rump Parliament Postexecution British Commonwealth didn t work a Protestant military dictatorship 0 Lord High Protector Cromwell 1650 s Parliament tried to make Charles II King 0 1660 Monarchy restores 0 Same conditions 0 1670 Charles makes a deal with Louis XIV o won t interact in affairs 0 fear absolute monarchy 0 Charles II abolishes parliament until death 0 James II heir l changes things 0 James II o Tolerance new government 0 Wants absolutism 0 Con ict with Parliament 0 Daughter Mary William and Mary of Orange 0 William and Mary of Orange Glorious Revolution 0 Constitutional Monarchy 0 Bill of Rights 1688 Laws made in Parliament Increases importance of Parliament No suspension of Parliament Regular meetings No Royal interference Elections with Parliamentary consent No standing army in peace time No taxation without Parliamentary consent 0 Differences bw constitutionalism and absolutism o Ideological popular sov vs divine right 0 Political parliamentary control vs monarchy o Economical commercial capitalism vs mercantilism Build up power by forging relationships with gentry and merchants when they begin gaining control Absolutism in France 0 Concentrate political and economic power within themselves 0 Complete control resist noble and gentry 0 Henry VI and Maximillien de Sully Landed nobility does not get guaranteed seats on royal council clergy and welleducated merchants Raise revenue w local taxes no nobility a Tax collectors from monarch n Trading companies owned by monarch o Mercantilism Selfsuf ciency of kingdom amp monarchy No need to rely on anyone else In uential People 0 Adam Smith Wealth of Nations Everyone doing what they want will be better than trying to control people 0 Cardinal Richelieu and Louis Xlll Ruthless and competent Total subordination of nobility G n ralites n Districts controlled by intendants Finish what Sully started Nobility rebelled against the crown n Wars of the Ronde 16481660 Established system of absolutism 0 Louis XIV Son King 16431715 longest European reign height of absolutism in France the quotgrand centuryquot France dominated Europe Versailles Louis playground Never called Estates General I Did whatever he wanted Never had an advisor or a rst minister he made his own choices Insulated himself against merchants and nobility