History 102 Week 6 Notes
History 102 Week 6 Notes HIST 102 011
Popular in Western Civ: 1648 - Present
Popular in History
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abby Blaine on Wednesday October 14, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 102 011 at University of Delaware taught by David Shearer in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Western Civ: 1648 - Present in History at University of Delaware.
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Date Created: 10/14/15
0 French Revolution 0 Same Principles as the Industrial Revolution 0 Foundation for the next 100 years 0 Complex series of social economic and political upheavaB o Con uence of crises 0 Popular rebellion Crisis in the Monarchy 0 Bankruptcy of the crown 0 Debt to lower classes 0 Con ict with nobility and middle class Commercial class expands rapidly Size and wealth of merchants con icted with nobH y Did not possess similar power Wanted a republic Aristocracy is more economically oriented 0 Similar to merchants o More open to reform Middle class and nobles wanted checks on the monarchs power 0 Reform l revolution 0 Wanted monarch to lower taxes o Monarch owed money to everyone 0 1788 Louis XVI made a new tax without the Estates General No one is happy Nobility says it s illegal no one listens Everyone angry with Louis Louis XVI calls the Estates General in 1789 for the rst time in forever 0 Most of the representatives are geared to change 0 Call for a constitutional monarchy Protection of civil liberties Liberal economic reform Break down feudal privilege Oath of the Tennis Court 0 Louis disbanded Estates General 0 Some representatives stayed in the Royal Tennis Courts determined to change 0 Changed name to the National Assembly Voting individually instead of by estate Interests of the nation 0 Wanted a constitution Popular Revolt 0 Bad harvest food shortage in ation of prices 0 Economic depression 0 More upset by new taxes General anger 0 Saw royal army beginning to mobilize Thought it was for the general public a Actually meant to subdue the National Assembly Versailles Small local militias from to ght back a Attack barracks for supplies a Storming of the Bastille July 14th 1789 o Stole munitions o Freed political prisoners Declare Paris a free city Spread of popular revolts around France Seized and burned town records Supported by National Assembly Declaration of the Rights of Man 8171789 Written by Abbe Sieyes People have rights too Modeled on the Bill of Rights in America Abolished feudal rights and privileges Economic Crisis unsolved 0 Popular uprising 1051789 O 0000 0 Women led food riots Went to Versailles to talk with National Assembly Ransacked the Palace Demanded return of the National Assembly to Paris I Took Louis XVI as political prisoner Force Louis XVI to agree to constitutional monarchy Promoted economic liberalism o Abolished guilds 0 Made monasteries and churches public 0 Sold government land to private owners to stabilize economy 0 1791 Louis XVI signed a Constitution 0 France constitutional monarchy 0 People thought revolution was over 0 10715 0 French Revolution pt 2 0 Constitution only ended the most moderate phase of the revolution 0 Continued and deepening popular unrest 0 Continued economic crisis Food crises Jobs 0 Onset of war Other European countries are scared 0 Makeup of the new national assembly October 1791 Very radical Middle class politicians Radical Jacobins meeting in a con scated Dominican Monasteryw n Maximillian Robspierre Moderate Girondins French province n Jacques Brissot o Pushed to action because of war Serious threat to the revolution Louis XVI tried to ee o What to do Radical factions wanted to deepen revolution won a Fait de compis n Jacobins Moderate factions come to an agreement with foreign troops o 1792 abolition of the monarchy France is officially a republic Moderates wanted to keep Louis as a bargaining chip Radicals wanted to try Louis as a traitor and have him executed I Didn t solve any problems 0 June of 1793 Jacobins took control of national assembly Outlawed Girondin leaders Wanted to set up a dictatorship of France quotState of military emergencyquot Supported by militias o Entered the most radical phase of the revolution 1793 Republic Dictatorship quotreign of terrorquot Robspierre and the committee of public safety No checks to their power killed anyone against them a Imprisoned anyone they thought rebelled September Massacres 1792 n Sans culottes ran free to do whatever they wanted Jacobin Policies n Economic reforms lnitiate a system of rationprice xing State planning what each city needs a Military Reforms n Nationalization n Eliminated liberal reforms of commercial capitalism I Found popular support in the people things got better Political terror continued a Jacobins turned against former allies 0 July 1794 military took control again Robspierre and everyone else was arrested Thermidorian reaction a Against terror n Rationalization of life Reassertion of Power within the French Republic n Moderate political groups returning to the majority New Constitution In Restricted who could vote a Only men of property and means Established an Executive Committee a The Directory Bene tted those who were already wealthy Impacted the poor Allowed in ation no price caps money printed n Many people who could vote felt like they had been pushed out of the revolution 0 Revolution stagnant until 1797 Country started to polarize again 1797 elections to the National Assembly groups within the government decided to rebel against the Directory Led by Abbe Seyes n Plotted with Bonaparte to take over a Everyone loved Bonaparte 0 1191799 Surrounded and arrested Directory and suspended the National Assembly 19th Brumaire Wanted to rule as Consuls n Reform natn l assembly and constitution n Stable foundation to rebuild france Ended the 4th Phase of the revolution I Started a military dictatorship by Napoleon until 1814 n End of the French Revolution httpsstudysoupcomuniversityof delawarehist102011one weekofnotesweekSnotesid61169
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