PSY 202 Lecture: History and Methods
PSY 202 Lecture: History and Methods 5094
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This 4 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday December 15, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 5094 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Ryujin, Laver in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 157 views. For similar materials see PSY 202 - General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 12/15/14
Wednesday September 24 2014 PSY 202 Week 1 Wednesday Lecture History and Methods Don Ryujin History and Methods I Brief History A Research Tradition majority define psychology as a science 1 The Beginning 1879 First Psychology Lab Wihem Wundt physician 1 Opening of this lab marked the beginning of psychology 2 Most of early psychologists were physicians 3 Hybrid of philosophy and physiology 4 Psychology only 185 years old a Very young compared to other sciences math biology physics Consider subjects humans are much more complex than atoms i Looks stupid but must continue ii Human issues depression relationships b quotThe Scientific Study of Consciousness and introspection 1 introspection the human ability to observe themselves 2 Metronome clicks train people to listen to metronome and think about what they were thinkings perform introspection a the brain likes to make sense of what is going on forms patterns b discovered taste buds c It worked d Problem with this method it s too subjective 2 The Middle a 1913 John Watson Behaviorist Manifesto 1 If we re really going to be a science we need to do and research things that can be Wednesday September 24 2014 a Tested b Observed c Measured d Remember TOM 2 Behavior can be tested observed and measured b The Science of Behavior new definition of psychology Scientific Study of Consciousness thrown out 1 To get the respect of the other sciences 2 Not the right thing for psych itself 3 The Present a quotThe discipline concerned with Behavior and Mental Processesquot 1 most say psych is the science concerned 2 added mental processes because it can be observed maybe not good for the discipline B Tradition of Limited Perspectives and Exclusion 1 The Perspectives Why we act the way we do a Behavioral learning we act the way we do because of what we ve learned 1 Raise your hand to ask a question b Psychoanalytic you do things because of the way you were raised in the first 5 years of your life and your unconscious thoughts c Humanistic to get more respect d Cognitive e Biological we do behaviors because of something biological 1 depression neurotransmitters aren t working in your brain 2 Tradition of limited Perspectives a Do Limited Perspective Matter Wednesday September 24 2014 1 All discoverers white males a not very broad of a perspective b People are so varied we need varied people in the field to represent different perspectives c makes for a very limited and biased field d Need more diversity in gender race b Limited Perspectives and Psychology 1 Emotions a hardly discussed 2 Competition vs Cooperation a US very competitive culture b Culture doesn t like cooperation c Theories are competitive d What if we cooperated and that group could not be beaten 3 Hierarchies and Sequences a Hierarchy a result of competition ll Research A Prototypical Experiment A Relationships or Correlations 1 Not Necessarily Cause andEffect 2 Positive and Negative relationships a Discussion session B 6 different methods Only Experiment Cause andEffect C Basic idea of an experiment Two or more identical conditions except for ONE thing D Terms 1 Hypothesis Wednesday September 24 2014 a statement of what causes a certain effect 2 Independent and Dependent Variable Ca iquot Decaf a independentthat which is being tested PillwCaffeine PmwOca eme 20 minutes 20 minutes 1 caffeine Reading Reading b dependent effected Test Test 1 memoryresults 3 Experimental and Control Condition a experimental contains the independent variable 1 caffeine b control one without it 1 decaf 4 Random Assignment a NOT the same as random sampling b random assignment assign randomly 1 AVERAGE characteristic intelligencereading speedweight for the people in both groups as a whole are the same a average could be wrong why experiments must be done more than once 2 how most psychology experiments are performed E The Experimenter and Gender and Ethnic Differences 1 Random Assignment a cannot be assigned by characteristic 1 gender and race are characteristics 2 no groups of only male or only females 2 Cause and Effect a Many studies showing gender and ethnic differences are not