Class Notes 1/27
Class Notes 1/27 HIST 0187 - World War II in Europe
Popular in World War II in Europe
Popular in History
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Cooke on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 0187 - World War II in Europe at University of Pittsburgh taught by Hammond in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 191 views. For similar materials see World War II in Europe in History at University of Pittsburgh.
Reviews for Class Notes 1/27
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/15/15
WWII IN EUROPE NOTES 127 WWI Peace Process 0 League of Nations 0 No military power to enforce peace 0 Not effective Structure Big powers did not join or joined temporarily 0 Questions of national autonomy and in uence 0 Monroe Doctrine for the US 0 Germany 0 Many political factions Right wing radical nationalists who wanted to bring back the Kaiser Left wing radicals want Germany to be like the Soviet Union 0 Kaiser was forced to step down for surrender left the state in the control of Prince 0 Max who was supposed to return the throne to the Kaiser later loses control Different parties take control of the government civil unrest Weimar government 1919 1933 end of the war until Hitler Named for the German city of Weimar which was quintessentially German June 1919 come to power after the peace treaty is signed 0 Strategic do not want to be blamed for the terms of the peace does not work as most of the German people blame the Weimar government for the peace quotStabintheback idea that the Weimar government had stabbed German in the back 0 Idea was that German armies were doing extremely well in the elds and could have won the war socialists pretended that they were losing so that they could force Germany to surrender and take power away from the Kaiser Summer 1919 Constitution of Weimar Republic 0 Bill of Civil Rights similar to the US version and the 1848 Frankfurt Assembly 0 Guarantees women the right to vote and hold office Forwardthinking document 0 Any political gure could be recalled rather than just the local state level like we can in the US 0 Referendums could occur for any piece of legislation not just local Proportional Representation members of the Reichstag get representation based on how many votes they get 0 Does not work because there are too many political parties and a majority vote is very difficult Clause 48 Emergency Powers Clause 0 President can govern unilaterally in the case of an quotemergencyquot Controversial to the west but supported unanimously by the Constitutional Assembly Freikorps physical strength of the political parties street ghting civil war 0 Agreement with the military the aristocratic structure of the army is maintained even though the size was reduced 0 Based in the aristocratic imperial system officer class keeps their positions WWII IN EUROPE NOTES Could have remodeled the army based on the soviet model without an aristocratic officer class but choose not to Stipulation for this is that the army will protect the government Creates tension between the military and the government Public view of the Constitution in Germany 0 People fear that the Weimar government will establish a socialist republic take over private property 0 Does not happen allows traditional structures to remain in place View in the west very good seems that Germany is embracing democracy taking the lead globally 0 Three Reichs rst is Holy Roman Empire second is Kaiser years Hitler wants the third 0 March 1920 Kapp Putsch attempt to take over the government Wolfgang Kapp has a Freikorp of about 5000 men who march on Berlin in March Government knew that this was going to happen ed temporarily to Dresden Took over government buildings and prepared to take over the government Weimar gov called on the army to protect Berlin refused to ght against their brothers However was not successful because the workers of Berlin went on strike and closed Berlin completely 0 Made it impossible for the Kapp government to have any power Shows the weakness in the truce with the army 0 Crisis for the Weimar Republic 1921 International Reparations Committee establishes the amount for reparations 1922 Germany sees no ally in the west makes a treaty with the Soviet Union Rapallo Treaty treaty with Russia Terri es the French who move to reoccupy the Ruhr Valley part of the buffer zone 0 Obstructionism workers give up Realize that all of the work that they do during their lifetimes will go to France and Belgium
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'