Class Notes 2/17
Class Notes 2/17 HIST 0187 - World War II in Europe
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Cooke on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 0187 - World War II in Europe at University of Pittsburgh taught by Hammond in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see World War II in Europe in History at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
WWII IN EUROPE NOTES 21 7 WII 0 Blitzkrieg 0 Fastmoving war lightning war 0 Worked well when it was rst used in Poland Operation was completed and Poland was partitioned by October 4th 1939 Hitler sues for peace expecting appeasement from the west Chamberlin Lord Halifax likely successor are both appeasers 0 Defensive thinking in France Situation in Germany 0 Hitler sees war as the ultimate goal of politics and a way of keeping races t 0 Yet is not fully ready for a long drawnout war miscalculation 0 German public reaction 0 Enthusiastic with the Anschluss and the takeover of the Sudetenland 0 Become more lukewarm with the situation in Poland Danzig etc o Pockets of discontent from this point forwards that Hitler has to put down Hitler is extremely committed to the idea of the typical German family and he does his best to keep women in the home rather than having them work in factories 0 Also does not redirect complete economic production towards war until as long as possible Plots against Hitler even in the rst 6 months of the war which causes a level of distrust of his high command Fall 1939 0 Hitler says that Poland has quotdeployment possibilities shows that he is already planning to break the NaziSoviet pact Poland 0 Hitler wanted the people to live under as low conditions and standards as possible shows that either he was planning to starve them or kill them while extracting as much hard labor as possible Hitler planning to move troops westwards for the invasion of France Preparations made in Great Britain people sent their children to the countryside to live in preparations for bombardment of urban areas 0 US announces that it will sell materials to France and Britain Finland Winter War 0 Had been a territory of imperial Russia that was lost in BrestLitovsk Stalin wanted it back Soviet Army outnumbered Finnish army by 3 to 1 0 Lasted 3 12 months and resulted in 26000 casualties in Finnish army 127000 in Soviet 0 Lack of leadership experience in Soviet army Stalin had purged much of the army 0 Finnish military understood the weather terrain etc and had the sympathy of the population 0 Britain and France were prepared to aid Finland but they were refused access by Norway and Sweden who were officially neutral 0 Led Hitler to underestimate the abilities of the Soviet army 0 By March 1940 Soviet Union is able to win the war Great Britain April 1940 0 Germany is getting supplies from the north Scandinavia Britain naval blockade of Narvik WWII IN EUROPE NOTES 0 Churchill in Parliament calls for the implementation of mines in Scandinavian water to prevent Germany from getting supplies 0 First con ict between British and Germans at Narvik and Trondheim o Breaks out the day after the British have nished mining the ports so the navy is close by 0 Does not go very well for the British although they manage to sink 10 out of 20 German destroyers and 3 out of 8 cruisers April May 1940 Katyn Massacre 0 22000 people massacred by the Soviet Army in Poland 0 13 roughly were Polish army officers May 10th 1940 0 Winston Churchill becomes Prime Minister
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