PSY 202 Lecture: War & Peace
PSY 202 Lecture: War & Peace 5094
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This 6 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday December 15, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 5094 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Ryujin, Laver in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 117 views. For similar materials see PSY 202 - General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 12/15/14
Monday September 29 2014 PSY 202 Week 2 Monday Lecture The Social Psychology of War and Peace Linden Nelson Look at factors in the environment factors that influence and factors within us our eader s characteristics of the general population Most of this relates to conflicts between individuals too I Common instigating causes of war and interpersonal aggression Environmental factors also relate to interpersonal aggression A Injustice 1 Example US Revolutionary War B Threats to security and interests 1 Examples War with Iraq perceived threat that Sudam Husain had weapons of mass destruction WWI WWII C Conflict Perceived incompatibility between goals values or beliefs 1 Civil War II Maladaptive responses to conflict in children and adults A Ten year olds in urban societies engaged in quotmaladaptive competitionquot in conflict situations requiring cooperation Their concerns about winning and quotnot losingquot blinded them to the alternative of cooperating 1 Marble game conflict of interest 2 By age ten sense of justice had been instilled in the children 3 If they played a cooperation game first and started thinking about cooperation ten year olds played the marble game with cooperation Five year olds played it the same they always had B Children in rural societies that value sharing and cooperation did not engage in maladaptive competition Monday September 29 2014 C Maladaptive competition in Cal Poly students gtstudy with Psy 202 discussion groups 1 maladaptive winning gets in the way of what would actually be advantageous D Maladaptive competition and war 1 2 3 Film actual words of General Paten in WWII Vietnam War We re not going to be losers President Johnson amp Nixon Nations can get so involved in a military action they fail to see alternatives to military action lll Alternatives to military action A Economic sanctions 1 Punishment Refuse to buy or export until they change their behavior 2 Example Iran B Positive incentives and friendly initiatives 1 Positive If you do so andso we ll do something that you like in the world or for you Friendly Do something that the other party will like right away to improve the atmosphere a GRIT Graduation Initiatives C Negotiation Identifying interests and seeking integrative solutions 1 Principle negotiation identify interestsneedswishes of two parties in the conflict Conversation Best solution isn39t always a compromise When overseas called diplomacy Syria and US Russia urged Syria to cooperate Syria destroyed chemical weapons D Third party involvement eg Mediation arbitration quotthird side influence 1 Both mediation and arbitration require a neutral third party Monday September 29 2014 2 mediation assists problem of negotiation making sure both sides treat each other respectfully both sides underside the other sides point of view and interests Does not come up with a solution 3 arbitrations arbitrator investigates comes up with a solution 4 Third side influence example Russia coming in with Syria vs US chemical weapon issue E Nonviolent resistance eg Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr 1 Avoid physical violence 2 Demonstrations sitins obstructions etc 3 Can still get people killed but not in the numbers of war F Nonviolent actions might not work in cases of terrorism 1 Other alternatives to military invasion a Let other nations and groups deal with the threat b Provide assistance to other nations or groups c Encourage religious leaders to dissuade from accepting extreme forms of religion d Yield to Isis allow them to occupy certain territory and not invade any else IV Militaristic attitude 1 Favoring military actions vs cooperative actions to deal with international conflict and 2 Believing that national security depends more on military strength than on cooperation with others A quotMilitaristic lt gt Cooperativequot an attitude dimension B Can a person be both militaristic and cooperative 1 In some situations they re incompatible 2 You can see value in being cooperative in some situations and militaristic in other situations C Militaristic attitude relates to Monday September 29 2014 1 Gender Male 2 Political party identification R 3 Valuing power and dominance a very strong 4 Accepting revenge norms a behind interpersonal aggression as well and international violence Imposing values on others Closed mindedness Low perspective taking Low empathic caring 0 Low humanitarian goals 10 And is unrelated to intelligence and problemsolving ability D Militaristic attitude also correlates with self reported interpersonal aggressiveness 1 Correlation does not prove causation 2 Perhaps there is an underlying attitude of Contentious lt gt Cooperative V What if the OTHER is uncooperative A Research on conflict quotgamesquot B Cooperative people are subject to abuse C Best solution cooperate then tit for tat Vl Problem solving approach to conflict SAGE See the conflict as a problemsolving challenge vs a need for revengeneed to fight Analyze the conflict Generate alternatives Evaluate alternatives Monday September 29 2014 A Analyze the Conflict 1 2 Discover the facts Avoid exaggerated enemy perceptions a There is a tendency to exaggerate how bad the other side is b Film dehumanizing the enemy to demons monsters animals vermin Snippets of films shown in theaters during WWII to gain support for the war effort 1 Shows the power of environmental factors Understand the Other39s perspective empathy Understand the causes of the conflict avoid the fundamental attribution error a Fundamental attribution error Error we make in presuming other peoples actions are based on their personality and underestimating environmental factors Clarify your interests emotional impulses vs values amp long term goals Avoid groupthink pressures for premature consensus a CIA and evaluating presence of weapons in Iraq B Generate Alternatives most of the time the best solutions come when alternatives have been generated 1 2 3 4 5 6 Economic sanctions Positive incentives amp friendly initiatives Negotiation Identifying interests amp seeking integrative solutions Third party involvement Nonviolent resistance Military action a Awareness of alternatives to military action reduces support for military action except for very militaristic people C Evaluate Alternatives 1 How will the Other respond Monday September 29 2014 2 How will third parties respond 3 Costs and Benefits economic social and environmental risk of war 4 Effects on future relationships and peace building View conflict as a problem to be solved rather than a need to win