PSY 202 Lecture: Intelligence
PSY 202 Lecture: Intelligence 5094
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This 5 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday December 15, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 5094 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Ryujin, Laver in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 225 views. For similar materials see PSY 202 - General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 12/15/14
Monday October 6 2014 PSY 202 Week 3 Monday Lecture Intelligence Don Ryujin I History A Development of Intelligence Tests most widely used psychological tests 1 Francis Galtonz Brain Size a Trying to get the best of the best to breed with each other Trying to figure out who was exceptionally smart b Illegal sterilization of African American women in present day c The bigger the brain size the smarter the person Going to measure intelligence by measuring brain size by measuring head size 1 Discovery measuring head size a Men have bigger heads than women Concluded men to be smarter than women Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon School Assessment of Low Ability a 1900s in France b Create tests to attempt to find children of low intelligence Not high intelligence like today c Did not trust teachers too easy to dismiss and remove disruptive students d Created Unique tasks ex remember bead color Average 4th grader remembered 6 beads Found average score Student who consistently scored below class was assigned to remedial class e Does your test measure intelligence Binet s answer No Some tasks might measure a component of intelligence 1 Used now to asses areas of brain damage in people who have had accidents 3 Wilhelm Stern Mental Quotient Monday October 6 2014 a MQ mental agechronological age x 100 b Average score on intelligence tests became 100 4 Lewis Terman Stanford Binet and IQ a 1920s revised Binet s test b Exists to this day to get students into GATE programs c Changed mental quotient to intelligence quotient d Gave tests to large groups of people 1 Immigrants coming into US a To test the quality of individuals the US was bringing in b His conclusion we are receiving very poor quality individuals into the US from abroad c Found one group to be particularly stupid Jews e Started a research study at Stanford Took high scoring children to see what they did over life Became known as the Termites f Lewis Terman said publicly he was wrong he misused the test on immigrants he apologized 5 David Wechsler Deviation IQ WAIS SAT a Changed the IO 1 Old IQ mental age chronological age x 100 2 Does not work on adults think like a 30 year old age 60 gt IO 50 3 Changed it Went back to the old method Give IQ tests to a whole bunch of people of a certain age Get average score If you score below the average IQ below 100 If you score over the average IQ above 100 Compare to others the own age 4 Average college student has an IQ of 115 Average IQ for Cal Poly students 120 For professor 125 Genius IQ 140 5 Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale WAIS and one for younger kids More widely used than Stanford Binet Monday October 6 2014 6 Group who made SAT GRE same group minus Davis Wechsler who made WAIS 7 Selfdeclared racist man worked on the test Originally for school kids Test low ability To predict school performance not life B Concept of Intelligence 1 Charles Spearman g and s a g general s specific b Concluded people can have both Raymond Cattel Fluid and Crystallized Use vs Knowledge a Fluid intelligence process information how you use information for creativity problemsolving adjustment to life Younger people b Crystallized what you already know Facts Older people have more Robert Sternberg How You Use What You Know a Triarchic theory Entirely about use fluid intelligence Howard Gardner Seven lntelligences a Different kinds of intelligence than those measured by SAT GRE b Film 1 2 traditional linguistic logical mathematical 2 2 talent musical bodily kinesthetic 3 2 social interpersonal intrapersonal knowing yourself well Quality of life can be very enhanced 4 Spacial Definition of Intelligence quotA combination of abilities enabling one to A Learn from Experience B Reason or Think Abstractly C Meet Challenges and Adaptquot Monday October 6 2014 D IN SCHOOL Ill RacialEthnic Differences in IQ A Do differences exist 1 3 Yes have so for 60 years African Americans Pacific Islanders Native Americans score 15 points lower than Caucasian white Euro American Mexican Americans score 8 to 10 points lower than Caucasian white Euro Americans Cannot conclude cause and effect in these matters B Are they Environmental Genetic or Both 1 Individual differences in IQ may have a genetic basis Just because individual differences in IQ are genetic it does not mean racial differences in IQ have to be genetic Dr Laver thinks entirely environmental Can IQ change Cal Poly a Substantial group of students who historically scored like racial minorities African American Native American Pacific Islander but never know who they are because they were white EuroAmerican That group are students from farms and ranches Their IQ scores have caught up and were the same This change happened faster than evolution Environment of farms and ranches have gotten sophisticated Groups in Power a Some exceptions but in almost all nations the racial group in power wealth access to education has a higher IQ than the other racial groups in the country Stereotype Threat a When told tests are unimportant score the same If told that groups do worse on the test lower groups do half as well b quotObama Effect Monday October 6 2014 1 After Obama was president no difference between African American and white scores Whereas before significant difference c Carol Dweck and Beliefs