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Classical & Positive Theory- text outlines

by: Alyssa Zirkman

Classical & Positive Theory- text outlines SOC 371

Marketplace > University of Miami > Sociology > SOC 371 > Classical Positive Theory text outlines
Alyssa Zirkman
GPA 3.8
Intro to Criminology
Olena Antonaccio

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About this Document

The textbook notes are based on the pages assigned as reading. Outlines from all relevant chapters including definitions of all vocabulary and examples
Intro to Criminology
Olena Antonaccio
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alyssa Zirkman on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 371 at University of Miami taught by Olena Antonaccio in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Intro to Criminology in Sociology at University of Miami.


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Date Created: 10/15/15
Ch 2 p 1113 The Emergence of Modern Criminoloov Criminology an academic discipline that gathers and analyzes data to explain violations of the criminal law and societal reactions to those violations 0 Before the late 19th C it was all abstract not scienti c Classical Criminology 15001750 Belief of free will and that people can be controlled through fear 0 Punishment by the state instilled fear thus prevented crime 0 Classical school an approach that developed during the Enlightenment Beccaria criticized CJS proponent of logic and reasoning tried to limit arbitrary punishments that were being used in favor of punishments proportional to the damage in icted upon society from the crime committed Basis of the 1971 criminal code of France Cartography Cartography involved the use of maps to plot crime and study statistics patterns 0 Guerry Quetelet found that crime committed annually remains constant over time as does the types of crime committed crime is a regular feature of social activity Positivism Lombroso Ferri and Garofalo hoped to identify causes of crime and eliminate conditions that produced it Lombroso attributed it to biological factors insanity poor education social background Positivism contrast to Classical thought quanti es and measures behavior and social conditions associated with it 0 Scienti c neutrality is possible in the study of crime and criminologists should focus on criminal behavior rather than on criminal law Ch 5 Biological and Psychological Explanations of Crime p 1035 118 Psychological Explanations of Crime 0 The idea that because only certain people commit crimes there must be some individual trait that distinguishes them from those who do not Intelligence and Crime 0 Mental de ciency theories criminals do not understand the reason for law or are unable to control their actions 0 Generally tested by IQ tests but these can be biased skewed 0 Difference between testing criminals and prisoners Evidence of IQ and Crime 0 Social class and IQ are related to crime 0 Delinquency and IQ 0 Some claim crime is the product of cognitive disability Interpreting Research on IQ and Crime 0 Many critiques of the above research ndings Summary 0 Biological theories have little support but helped develop the eld of criminology Better biological research today has helped some to understand criminal behavior 0 Genetics 0 There is no single criminal personality but they are looking for a cluster of traits to identify 0 Psychology cannot however help us understand geographical or temporal patterns


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