New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Chemical Bonding

by: Piper Daniels

Chemical Bonding CHEM 101

Piper Daniels
Structural Chemistry, with Application to Chemistry of the Elements
Mrs. Leung

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Structural Chemistry, with Application to Chemistry of the Elements
Mrs. Leung
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Structural Chemistry, with Application to Chemistry of the Elements

Popular in Science

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Piper Daniels on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CHEM 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Mrs. Leung in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Structural Chemistry, with Application to Chemistry of the Elements in Science at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for Chemical Bonding


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/15/15
Chapter 7 Chemical Bonding Bonding Theory 1 Lewis Bond Theory gives an approximation of the molecule a Does not give correct bond angles and shape b Uses dots to represent electrons particle c Does not give correct magnetic property 2 Valence Bond Theory bridges the gap between quantum mechanics orbitals and experimentally determined structures a Valence electrons are in orbitals and bonds are formed by overlapping two halffilled orbitals 1 electron b The electrons have opposite spins to form a bond Valence Bond Theory 1 Electrons reside in quantum mechanical orbitals hybridized orbitals notjust spd and f orbitals 2 Orbitals are hybridized to generate the correct geometry around each atom Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals 1 Hybrid orbitals combininghybridizing atomic orbitals spdf to form new hybrid orbitals with the correct geometry 2 Each atom hybridizes their atomic orbitals to form hybrid orbitals gt atomic orbitals 3 Hybrid orbitals belong to one atom 4 Shape of hybrid orbitals larger lube erei tall manage with anether atem a arbital Hybridization 1 The number of atomic orbitals spdf hybridized equals the same number of hybrid orbitals generated 2 The atomic orbitals spdf hybridized determines the hybrid orbital formed a with specific energy and shape 3 Depending on the electron geometry VSEPR theory atoms will hybridize to the necessary geometry see Electron Geometry gt Hybridization 4 Orbitals being hybridized must come from the same principal shell a must contain the valence electrons b H 1s1 Hydrogen does not hybridize it just uses it s one sorbital c C 1s22s22p2 n2valence electron gt all 4 orbitals in 2s amp 2p can be hybridized i it doesn t have to use all of them but that s what is available to it Electron Geometry gt Hybridization 1 F erpN Bonds 1 N99 Linear x 2 electron groups gt sp x 2 Trigonal Planar x 3 electron groups gt sp2 x 3 Tetrahedral x 4 electron groups gt sp3 x 4 Trigonal Bipyramidal x 5 electron groups gt sp3d x 5 Octahedral x 6 electron groups gt sp3d2 x 6 Sigma bondsa overlap of orbitals along the axis of the bond a a bonds formed by overlap of hybrid orbitals or H s 1sorbital Pi bonds 3 orbitals overlap side by side a the two orbitals are parallel to one another b only porbitals 0 must be in phase with one another Sigma bonds are stronger than pi bonds because there is more orbital overlap a pibonds are broken first Single bondone sigma bond Double bondone sigma and one pi bond triple bond one sigma and two pi bonds Summary a of electron groups tells you what hybridization atom needs b Types of bondssingledoubletriple tells you how many sigma and pi bonds you need 0 Sigma bonds come from hybrid orbitals H 1s d Pi bonds come from porbitals meaning they are unhybridized e Distribute valence electrons to produce the correct number of sigma and pi bonds f Describing bonds 0 atomorbital atomorbital 717 atomp atomp


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.