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Week 8 Notes

by: AJ Ponte

Week 8 Notes PSYCH 1000 - 01

AJ Ponte
GPA 3.94
General Psychology
Ines Segert

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About this Document

These notes cover classical conditioning, and information on Pavlov's (salivating dogs) and Watson's (Little Albert) experiments.
General Psychology
Ines Segert
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by AJ Ponte on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYCH 1000 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Ines Segert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 10/15/15
Week 8 Psych Notes Learning 0 A relatively enduring change in behavior resulting from experience Learning is inferred from behavior however people don t always show what they know 0 Innate unlearned 0 Ex Babies do not have to be taught to babble o Learned experience 0 Ex We have to be taught language spelling reading etc NonAssociative Types of Learning 1 Habituation a Decreased response to a stimulus that is repeatedly presented b Occurs when stimulus doesn t provide information or is non threatening 2 Sensitization a Increased response to a stimulus b Occurs when stimulus is potentially threatening or informative 0 People can either experience habituation or sensitization to the same stimulus 0 Ex A car alarm Associative Types of Learning Classicalconditioning 0 Operant conditioning Classical Conditioning 0 Learning an association between two stimuli Learn that one reliably predicts the other Can be unconscious Pavlov o Classically conditioned dogs to salivated at the sound of a bell Pavlov39s Experiment Stage 1 baseline responses tone alone no saivation and food presentation saivation Stage 2 tone food saivation Stage 3 tone aone saivation Pavlov Terminology o Unconditioned response UR a response that does not have to be learned like a re ex Week 8 Psych Notes 0 Unconditioned stimulus US a stimulus that elicits a response such as a re ex without any prior learning 0 Conditioned stimulus CS a stimulus that elicits a response only after learning has taken place 0 Conditioned response CR a response to a CS a response that has been learned Identifying Stimuli in Pavlov39s Experiment Tone before conditioning neutral stimuli Food US Salivation to food UR Tone after conditioning CS Salivation to tone alone CR Acquisition The gradual formation of an association between the CS and US a Best results short delay between the CS and US CR vs UR Characteristics 0 CR adaptive function 0 Predicts US 0 Allows preparation for US 0 Form of CR depends on best preparation for US 0 Same salivation for CS tone that predicts food US 0 Different Increased heartrate for CS that predicts heroin US Identifying Stimuli in the Simone and Surge Example Vinegar US Response to vinegar UR Surge vinegar CSUS pairing Surge after vinegar CS Response to surge alone CR Stimulus Generalization o Stimuli that are similar but not identical to the CS also produce the CR Stimulus Discrimination Different response to a stimulus that is sufficiently different form the CS Extinction Week 8 Psych Notes 0 The CS is repeated without the US and eventually the CR decreases 0 Learning that the prior association no longer holds 0 The CR is not permanently gone it is still in our brain Spontaneous Recovery 0 Following extinction reintroduction of the CS produces a smaller response 0 Shows that association is just suppressed not forgotten Phobia 0 An acguired fear out of proportion to the real threat of an objector situation 0 We learn to fear neutral objects through classical conditioning John Watson 0 Father of Behaviorism 0 Focus on observable behavior Believed that we are born all quotBlank Slatesquot and everything is learned 0 quotLittle Albertquot Experiment 0 Classically conditioned a baby to have a phobia of white rats CS sight of rat followed by US loud noise UR fear Preconditioning white rat alone no response Conditioning trials rate loud noise Postconditioning rate alone afraid cry learned phobia Generalization Little Albert was then afraid of other white animals small animals or soft animals all that were similar to a white rat OOOOO


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