Popular in The West in the World
Popular in History
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanelle Smith on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ST 150 - 19 at Ball State University taught by John Scott Parkinson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Lecture 1 Outline m The Greek amp Hellenistic Worlds Ancient Greece has had an enormous impact on the western world Some of the first works of literature in the west have been attributed to the Greeks The first translation of the Christian Bible from ancient Hebrew texts was into Greek The ancientGreeks have given us or furthered our study of history politics philosophy drama mathematics science and architecture Greek culture spread throughout the Mediterranean region and laid the foundation for the Roman Empire Later the Romans carried much of the Greek culture into Europe adding to it their Roman system of law Traditional Western Culture is said to have been created by THREE main historical factors ancient Greece the Roman Empire and Christianity Early Greece c 1600 a 1100 BC Mycenaean Greece quot Mycenaean peoples spoke Greek an Indo European language E Provides historical setting for much of Greek Mythology and Trojan War c 1194 11811r BC epics of Homer c 8th Century BC the Mind amp the Odyssey Why is the Mycenaean civilization significant lloud Homer s epic poems the mad amp the Odyssey be considered primary or secondary sources a The Dark Ages c 120 800 BC lit y is there a DECLINE of population amp culture FIRST Olympic Games held 776 BC 3 NEW alphabet adopted from Phoenicians a I s r39w v enistic Worlds c u Lecture 1 Outline w The Greek amp Hell a Farming begins to REVIVE itsehc early 8t century BC What helped the GI EE kS DUN themselves out of What wasteled the Dark 9957 v i i a r Archaic Greece c 750 500 BC Citystates with their polis plural poleis now emerge Polish poleis protected by hoplites What is the definition of o polis l h V Who were hopiites Colonization amp trade increases exports begin What did theAncient Greeks beam to export during the Archaic period l l A The Classical Period c 500 323 BC 5 Dominated by the city states of Sparta amp Athens How Were Sparta amp Athens different The emergence of tyrants E Solon c 638 558 BC H Cleisthenes c 570 c 508 BC Were all tyrants considered evil Why are 01m and Cleisthenes significant x What didCieisthenes introduce to Athens in 508 BC The Persian Wars 499 449 BC Persians led by Darius I first INVADE Greece in 492 BC Second INVASION by Persians occurs in 490 BC I The Battle of Marathon 490 BC Persians led by Xerxes l INVADE a third time in 480 BC 39 Spartan King Leonidas amp the 300 DEFEA TED at Battle of Thermopylae 480 BC I Greek Peninsula then OVERRUN by Persians but Greeks WlN a naval engagement at Battle of Salamis 480 BC Why is the Battle 9f Salamis significant Why was the Delian League 477 404 BC formed under Athensf39 iedd The Height of Athenian Culture Pericles c 495 w 429 BC promotes arts amp culture H Parthenon built 447 w 432 BC 1 a ii ii ii ii 3i i quotifquot545 i trsihi i iftkr i quot205 iiiquot 13931i39Iamp27 1395 5i39 quots39l 393 em wkma39an i i M sREES quot 3r1i39ifii iE3939c39h ztse u394253227 E39 r bl39 n 395 39gt a 3939x quot a39 4394 Iii4435 432542439 5 215 t39 39 i3 J Jtkhe 92 5142 it 39tte fz iiiiquot ai r3113s 39 39e39rltrptLmy 344 L t 13 ti lh G I 8ttlll 39t39 VV39 hi The Peloponnesian War 431 404 BC Sparta forms Peloponnesian League amp wages WAR against Athens 8 Delian Leag Sparta amp her allies SURROUND Athens m Plague sweeps through Athens 430 BC 30000 DlE including Pericles 429 BC WAR continues until 404 BC when Spartan King Lysander is nally ViCTORlOUSm 7 Athens What happens as a result of the Peloponnesian War Greek Culture History attributed to Herodotus c 484 C 425 BC amp Thuoydides C 460 C 395 BC 39 quot i t 4quotquot Why is Herodotussignificant Drama plays quite popular W What are the TWO types of Greek drama Hippocrates 460 m 377 BC considered father ofmedicine I Hippocratic Oath 39 quot Archimedes 287 E 212 BC matherratcinc ian astronomer physicist engineer and thosopher A 39 Much of today s math baSed on Archimedes Principle Pythagoras c 582 c 507 BC mathematieian astronomer and philosopher Pythagorean Theorem Page Art amp Architecture leave lasting legacies What are the three ordersof Ereek columns Greek philosophy BEGINS w the sophists teachers ofarei Secra tes 469 399 BC quot 39 a Plate c 429 347 BC I Aristotle 384 w 322 BC What doesthe term philosophy mequ How are Socrates Plato amp Aristotle related a v I The Hellenistic Period 323 64146 BC Macedonian King Philip ll r 359 336 BC brings most Greek city states under his 7 control C 3 Philip ll is assassinated 336 BC and is succeeded by his son Alexander 356 323 BC 39 A HOW was Philip Ilj viewed by the ancient Greeks Alexander the Great r 336 4 323 BC carries on father s plans INVADES Persia 334 BC m Conquers Babylon 330 BC How does Alexander SPREAD Greek culture amp influence throughout rhe egr Beer 39 Alexander s Legacy Alexander DIES 323 BC in Babylon Word Hellenism now used to describe this era What hgppens to the Macedorzjgn Empire Alexander the Great SJj What 5 meant by the term Hellenism 1 39i145 39r5t3 awgetmew tr quotS39 quotw fi F 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