Oct 13th/15th Notes Week (Exam 2)
Oct 13th/15th Notes Week (Exam 2) Botany 260
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anna on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Botany 260 at University of Wisconsin - Madison taught by Dr. Adrian Treves in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Ecology in Biology at University of Wisconsin - Madison.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Thursday OcTober 15 2015 Annd Eliese ScoTT Finishing Previous Lecfure TU ESDAY cldss video TUESDAY cldss video lndirecT effecTs when They do noT kill The oTher onimdl wth hoppens To The animal VdrieTy of effecTs mdlltes iT difficulT To rdnllt The order of The effecTs bdsed on impoernce dnd noT edch one ledys shows up How sTrong ore These effecTs EffecTs feeding fordging behdviors WhiTe Tdil deer choose To be uprighT To look dround lelting dey from being low dnd geTTing food AnTipreddTor behdvior complexunceerin effecTs To The nexT level of The Trophic pyrdmid Wolves in YellowsTone PhoTos con be cherry picked one pldce in Time dnd iT wenT under 0 gredT dmounT of Time LoTs of phoTos hove been used To express wheTher wolves hove been beneficidl The phoTos led To The ided of Trophic coscodes more oner in The lefT pooling oner on The righT LefT is eroding soil elllt overgrdzing is The couse When wolves come dbouT elllts were dfrdid To spend Too much Time feeding in These pldces lT hos been chdllenged by groups by elllt hunTers Elllt hove suffered so The hunTers hove suffered ds well ScienTific issues drises from people who mdy hove oTher redsons of dislillting wth is hoppening Willows ospen dnd coTTonwoods dlong river Some birds begdn To come dek Tth hoven T been There for 0 long Time WenT becouse The dddiTiondl growTh of riverside vegerTion credTing insecT communiTies To feed on Bedvers were recolonizing YellowsTone connecTion beTween oner dnd vegerTion Clidee chdnge fire burnings chdnging dnd oTher ecologicol fdcTors oTher Thdn wolves could hove effecTed This His opinion Leoning To opex preddTors hove d disproporTiondTe effecT on oTher orgdnisms unsure dbouT YellowsTone specificolly Wisconsin s Wolf Recovery l 980 201 5 Definifions You should hdve wofched video dlreddy Mdp shows wesfern gredf ldkes WGL only fdlking dbouf wolf recovery in our dred Blue is hisforic rdnge fhe chorcool hdfched dre where fhey dre now block is urbdn dreds SEE IMAGE ON PWRPT lndividudl poinfs dre rddio locofions of individuol wolves over 30 yedr fime period Ddrk bldck line on WGL exfenf of fhe wildlife service considered enddngered wolves thf fo know nof d lof know fhe fhree sfdfes hds sfdfes wifhouf wolves hisforic rdnge is much ldrger fhdn currenf rdnge Wolf Mapper See for more informdfion recolonizofion occurred ndfurdlly Wolves moved dek in Yellowsfone wolves were pldced wifhin Dispersing wolves wenf from Minnesofd fo Wisconsin Hisfory A bounfy on wolves elimindfe wolves bc of deer compefifion dnd ofher dnimdls Recolonizofion phdse Do nof use reinfroducfion Ndfurdl recolonizofion Somefimes will hedr recovery used problemdfic bc if hds d legdl medning Ecologisfs use fhe word fo discuss fhe recolonizofion process dnd recovering fheir old hdbifdf Decldred wolves hdve recovered Legdlly A gdined species Hunfing begdn unfil Dec 2014 when d federdl courf puf fhem dek on fhe enddngered species lisf Grdph Growfh of wolf populdfion of individudl wolves number of wolf pdcks Very slow growfh fhen disedse hif legdl killing unfil 93 The disedse lef go of fhe populdfion exponenfidl growfh fhen occurred 201 2 hunfing sedson begdn dropped significonfly ESA enddngered species lisfing Tdking off Reenlisfing Defermined d lof by humdn reguldfion no fdke dllowed hdrdssmenf killing hdrming efc Nonlefhdl inferdcfion move from more livesfock fo less livesfock Pooching incredsed wifh legdl killing of wolves How Did They Increase so Quickly Ldrge liffers High proporfion of liffer surviving Phenomenol dispersers Green line shows how for one wolf moved Allowed recolonizofion Hobifdf generolisfs once fhoughf os d wilderness species buf redlly wenf fo woods bc of hunfing They con odopf fo mony hdbifofs Yellowsfone is d mosoic fhdf is well colonized by humdns Monoged fo resfore former ecosysfem offer 0 lock of foresfs wifh foresf fhe deer refurned ond wolves eof deer 90 of fheir dief Chonging lond uses by humons os well os fheir offifudes Cronberry producfion wolves come up fhey do nof eof fhose so worllters didn f core Wolves feel sofe oround people Lond chonges over fime dnd effecfs wildlife significonfly DNR deemed wolves fo be 0 fhreof fo humon sofefy ond removed fhem This mdlltes if differenf fo coexisf wifh wolves Chonging view in sociefy in regords fo wolves Wolf Morfdlify over Time As wolf populdfion incredse shows morfdlify Pooched collision ond legol couses reflecf humdn ltillings Some wolves were killed occidenfdlly or for sofefy Sfofes opplied for lefhdl confrol Jogged line reflecfs courf decision fo kill or nof lltil wolves Pooching wos fhoughf fo be confinuous The ided wos fhdf fhey see fhe governmenf ltilling some so poochers feel like if is less imporfdnfnoficedble if fhey would pooch fhem lncomplefe dofo sef bc ifs only observed ones Anfhropogenic morfdlify humdn coused nexf grdph shown on pwrpf Zero shows equol deofh dnd birfh Susfdindbilify sfoble nof chonging susfdinobly mondged Used fo predicf how much humon impocf con couse fo predicf oufcomes of populdfion legisldfion Wisconsin is fhe drrow unsure dbouf where if would fdll bc pooching is undefecfed Normdl wos slighf fo zero growfh When hunfing begdn fhe populdfion will decline if hoppened Then dllowed more hunfing ond if confinued fo decreose It is worrisome bc the line is accelerating by being that low We are unsure what happens until a population crash happens Now have entered a phase of great uncertainty Observed and Unobserved Wolf Mortality Actively monitored followed or tract have observe mortality Inactiver observed has a radio coar ose tract and then finds them and then realizes it has a monitor Now we know what happened to the wolf Someone cas saying they have a dead wolf in their backyard Non radio observed Non radio wolves never got a collar 87 Challenging to detect 0 No person to say there is a dead wolf 0 People destroy the radio coar happens with poaching Non radio unobserved projected numbers increasing over time due to poaching Poaching Increase Retaliation for threats to safety Thinlting they may threaten the domestic animals Beef calves Hounds running free Other farm animals They will give compensation when an animal is killed Question Farm deer must have a high value A trophic buclt
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