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PSY 202 Lecture: Learning

by: Julia Gladding

PSY 202 Lecture: Learning 5094

Julia Gladding
Cal Poly
GPA 3.9
PSY 202 - General Psychology
Ryujin, Laver

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About this Document

Notes on Dr. Ryan's lecture. Contains all the information you need to know for the test.
PSY 202 - General Psychology
Ryujin, Laver
One Day of Notes
25 ?




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This 6 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday December 15, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 5094 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Ryujin, Laver in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 201 views. For similar materials see PSY 202 - General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State Polytechnic University.

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Date Created: 12/15/14
Wednesday October 22 2014 PSY 202 Week 5 Wednesday Lecture Learning Dr Kathy Ryan I Kitten Study A C solated Environment Group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 N 2 O Raised separate from mother did not interact with other cats At 6 months old testing began Placed kitten in testing chamber put live rat dependent variable with kitten is killing rats instinctive Or is it learned a Measured whether or not the kitten killed it Every 4 days for 4 month did a trail putting 9 kittens killed at least one rat RatKilling Environment Group 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 N 21 Raised with mother Mother certified rat killer Neither exposed to rats Kitten could watch the mother but not reverse Kitten watched while mother killed rat Kittens given live rat 18 kittens killed a rat Rat asFriend Environment Group 1 2 3 N 18 Kitten raised with rat Live different rat placed with kitten Wednesday October 22 2014 4 3 kittens killed a rat a different species of rat D Rat killing is both instinctive and learned ll Learning A Learning is a process of relatively permanent change that occurs as a result of an organism s experience B Goal to develop general principles of learning 1 Basic mechanisms of learning 2 There are some a even though animals culture groups etc vary lll Classical Conditioning Pavlovian Conditioning 1 Ivan Pavlov 18491936 2 Consists of establishing a conditioned or learned reflex 3 Components of classical conditioning a Always four terminology constant b Food gt Salivation 1 No conscious choice reflex 2 Unconditioned stimulus US a Food b Unlearned stimulus 3 Unconditioned response unconditioned reflex UR a salivation 4 Conditioned stimulus a bell b elicits the conditioned response CS Wednesday October 22 2014 5 Conditioned response CR a salivation 4 Examples of Classical Conditioning a Taste Aversion Learning 1 e coli US gt sickness UR 2 odor of food CS gt sickness CP 3 Your body is making the connection between what you and and what made you sick Even if you know that what you ate did not cause the sickness b Chemotherapy Study 1 Group 1 N 15 a chemotherapy US gt sickness UR b evening meal chemotherapy i 615 ate evening meal the next day c evening meal C8 gt disgustnausea CR 2 Group 2 N 15 a chemotherapy US gt sickness UR b evening meal lifesaver chemotherapy i 1215 at evening meal the following day c lifesaver C8 disgustnausea CR i developed taste aversion to lifesaver ii disrupts the taste averting by using a strongfavored lollipop or lifesaver after evening meal c Conditioned Fear 1 Trauma victims war veterans plane crash victims 2 Heard running footsteps and then was attacked a attack US gt fear UR Wednesday October 22 2014 b sound of running footsteps CS gt fear CR d Conditioned Sadness 1 show s over US gt sadness UR 2 Song Can t Help Falling In Love With You CS gt sadness CR e Conditioned Craving 1 nicotine US gt pleasure UR 2 Environmental cues CSs gt CRAVING for cigarette CR ls classical conditioning merely learning an association between two stimuli a No b The CS gives information about what important event the US is to occur c The CR is a REFLEXIVE reaction to the CS thus involuntary d Very adaptive IV Operant Conditioning A Learning the relationship between the environment behavior and its consequences B Thorndike s Law of Effect 1 Behavior changes because of its consequences a Sometimes rewarded sometimes punished b Examples 1 Cat puzzle boxes trial and error 2 Grizzlies and fish C Discriminative stimulus gt response gt outcome stimulus 1 2 we change our behavior based on these three things CS in classical conditioning and discriminative stimulus in operant conditioning are not the same a Example Wednesday October 22 2014 1 Red traffic light 8 gt drive through intersection R gt get ticket O 2 Have a choice stepping on the brake or going through the red light Past experience will set the stage for future behavior b Operant conditioning involves a voluntary response c Classical conditioning involves a reflexive response Distinctions between classical and operant conditioning a Classical conditioning 1 involuntary behavior reflex 2 no emphasis on consequences b Operant conditioning 1 voluntary behavior 2 consequences important D Types of Consequences 1 positive reinforcement a UP response gt a pleasant event is presented b will do it again 1 Example Drinking because he likes the taste the ambiance negative reinforcement a UP response gt aversive stimulus is removed or prevented 1 Example Have a headache taken Tylenol It works Take it again 2 Coping mechanisms with stress 3 Drinking to prevent withdrawal b NOT punishment Punishment or positive punishment a DOWN response gt aversive stimulus is presented Omission Training or negative punishment Wednesday October 22 2014 a DOWN response gt pleasant event is terminated or prevented 5 Eating because food taste goods positive reinforcement 6 Eating because you re hungry negative reinforcement


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