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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanelle Smith on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ST 150 - 19 at Ball State University taught by John Scott Parkinson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Lecture 3 Qutline The Medieval World J The period between the end of the Roman Empire 476 and the beginning ofthe Renaissance is often referred to as the Middle Period of History the Middle Ages or simply the Medieval World it is sometimes called the Dark Agesas well because the pall of death hung over this period of world history With the western portion of the Roman Empire now defunct new political entities emerged to fill the vacuum The new Germanicabased kingdoms often embraced elements of old Rome To the east the Byzantine Empire shone as an example ofwhat Rome was once like However a new threat Islam now threatened Europe In what is now France changes in the form of a new dynasty of rulers occurred In England first the Normans invaded and then political changes drastically altered the relationship between a monarch and his subjects The threat Of Islam fueled the organization of the Crusades which were unsuccessful in eradicating the infidel from the Middle East but helped stabilize Europe Meanwhile much of Europe nearly tore itself apart in an epic struggle known as the Hundred Years War while dealing with a major schism within the Catholic Church and trying to survive the plague All of these events combined to form a dark cloud over Europe hence the term Dark Ages The Germanicii ingdoms The Ostrogoths The Visigoths V What was the lliAJQ wegkness of the Visiqot h Kingdom The Franks The E rig es quot8 the SwaiiVOn s The Byzantine Empire c 330 1453 Centered at Constantinople age NM qn 7 s a lt 2 7 UH Lecture 3 Outline u The Medieval Worl Page 31 Justinian r 527 565 84 vvife Theodora Haqia Sophia is orlainally built 532 537 as what I Corpus Juris Civilis Body oflleivil Law i ntroduCed 529 534 byiustinian V What is the legacy of the Corpus Juris Citills 2Ihe Rise oflslam quotArabs many of whom are poor Bedouins populate Arabian Peninsula believing in supreme God they call Allah I Muhammad born in Mecca c 570 Revelations dreams he experiences become basis for the Qur an Koran Whydoes Muhammad move to Medina 622 3 Returns to and militarily CONQUERS Mecca 630 The Five Pillars of Islam I Believe in Allah amp Muhammad as his one s prophet I Pray FIVE times daily 5 Observe Ramadan the lslamic holy month bfylasting e Give aims MD to the poor amp needy n H Make a pilgrimage haji to Mecca at least once in one s lifetime if possible Muhammad DlES 632 creating dissension K 39 Why istheunge of theRock Jerusalem significant Why isJerusaIem seen as the cressroods 39of THREE midfor faiths n The Expansion otlslai During Ali s 4th caliph rule c 600 661 Islam EXPANDS Ali assassinated 661 by Muawiya c 602 680 who forms Umayyad Dynasty 661 750 39 39 flhere was the capitol center of theUmayyod Dynasty located Umayyad Dynasty eventually OVERTHROWN 750 by the Abbasids 750 1258 New Abbdsid capital is built 762 where The lslamic Split Sunhites believe that who are theTRUE successors of Islam Shji ites heysieve that who are the TRUE successors of Islam lslam as a Threat was MOVE into Spain 1710 Constantinople AWACKED 677 amp 717 415 1 39 m 39 4 u n n wryAA tquotP fant39 Erna 52524 it u Fl4115552 Z 311391I7 39x39s39quoti 139 l39 quot quotI 39 1quotquot quotIquotquotquot iquot39 quot39 quotquotquot39 Wme Lecture 3 Outline The Medieval World Page 33 Muslims LOSE to Franks led by Charles Martel at Battle of Tours 732 1 R 7 u Why is the Bottle of Tours 7325139onificont The CarolingiarLs I ThelVlerovln slang are LOSlNG their grip on Easter Fral kiSh lands by 8th century Pepin lll agShae r 752 768 hueis in Carolingian Dynasty v Why do the Carolingion Kings become PROTECTORS of the Catholic Church Pepin Ill the Short DIES 768 amp is succeeded byhis son Charles Charlemagne The Age of Charlemagne r 768 814 Militarily CONQUERS Italy 773 Bavaria 787 a Saxony 804 B Crowned emperor of the Romans Holy Roman Empero i by Pope Leo Ill 1 l x PL 39 l Whetsgherlemaane Siam39 cant Charlemagne DIES 814 8 is succeeded by his son Louis the Pious r 814 840 DEATH of Louis the Pious 840 leads to CLASH among Louisquot three sens Lothair Louis 8 Charles V Whgt does the Treaty ojfyer dun 843 accomplish 42731mEa2mzi aegt39w39aaegiszsesameegsjsaftm 9a a b5 1Mwtin95 cactiHan 35r 39 hvtIlaeriff3 39l39glf si39nE39 l1 f WEEi h ss 391JIk st hlEi io 539Fi 39r394i quot35 39 we 39 39 39 39 quot g r a g L t 30tl39 lh39lVldquot lerd New External Threats By the 9th amp 101th Centuries Western Europe is once again THREATENED 5 Muslims Vikings Norsemen and Magyars Hungarians Feudalism x ow do vessels serve theirniords and what are they WS solsJ39qitenfor this servicequot 39 39 Changes in England William of Normandy lNVADES England and DEFEATS King Harold at Battle of Hastings October 14 1086 What happening to England as o RESULTof the Normoninvasion The Erusades 39 Holy Lands are still under Muslim CONTROL Byzantine Emperor Alexius r 1081 1118 pleas for HELP 8 Pope Urban El r 1088 1099 responds 1095 First Crusade 1096 1099 r 1 quot a Franceltaly amp German states send crusading knights to Holy Lands E Eclessa Antioch Tripoli 8 Jerusalem temporarily TAKEN back from Muslims Third Crusade 1189 1192 e Jerusalem s FALL to Muslims 1187 prompts Holy Roman Emperor Frederick 39 Barbarossa England s Richard l amp France s Philip ll Augustus to JOIN forces h Lecture 3 Outline The Medieval World V WQMQQr104 lmch11agrm reqcbMie eEggP Whgmememaeemmtrg 991229szg2tween iglzgm1s q qqnlinearity legged 2 39 Fourth Crusade 1202 1204 thi tbe eyttbEmmettZggnraeegiexBeeelaneeenmum1212161 2 M 7 V 14162Md9Mengtiqnnmmbgntamitiqmgteqewell FIVE more Crusades 1212 through 1270 produce NO positive results The Hundred Years War 1337 1453 Charles IV r 1322 1328 of France DIES 1328 with NO heir W12Ji th ea httqt2eth r1g 91m 394bx nglgrziel ng iwer tlm1322 13222 1 y hm I 4 v a 2quot ampr 39139rk hi 33E kgqt l z E 39 l KEY5314 gt39e 39393914 31 391 h r r i i t r fa r s f QHELW4yti i idmi b39m i g i a q quavquotic395s 1 39niih39E39nl psizaq i w gIZ sicHailquot 5quot n fa39rjg r J39P f339 f f z 3939 u i39z39n 39 ly39393939 r 4139f t2315 v t I 1 Lecture 3 Outline I e Medleva Wor d 39 r r Page36 Philip Vl r 1328 1350 of France also claims French throne WAR between England and France then BEGINS 1337 Peace declared 1360 but war is on again by 1396 Burgundy then JOlNS w England ll Whig doegmloan ofArc c 1412 1431 convince French King Charles VII r 1422 1461 to let her do Joan of Arc secures French VICTORY at Orleans 1429 Captured by Burgundians 1430 and turned over to English E Joan tried by Catholic Church but is EXECUTED 1431 by English Wth was Joan charged with What emerges following Joan ofArc S exploits The Hundred Years War nally ENDS 1453 What was the overall impact of thewHundred Years War upon Eurqgg m The Black Death or the Plague x How does the Black Death ENTER Sicily 84 southern ltdly 1347 e l SHE JN JVH 39 quot 394 15 39 1quot l 39i um e aa 1 39k39 595333 39 h Lectxre 3 Outline Tl e Medieval World Page 37 Spreads RAPIDLY northward across Europe Why are portions of Europe likeBohemio spared How were the Jews blamed for cousinq the Black Death The Black Death CLAIMS 13 of Europe s population total population est at 75 million Who were the agellants What were the overall consequences results of the plague on Europe Problems within the Catholic Church Pope Boniface VIII r 1294 1303 amp King Philip IV r 1285 1314 of France SQUABBLE over Philip IV wanting to TAX Church lands Boniface VIII arrested is rescued by Italian nobles but DIES 1303 Iquot French cardinals elect Pope Clement V r 1305 1314 who MOVES the Pa pacy to Avignon France 1309 A quot I39 Papacy located solely at Avignon from 1309 1378 2 n we i 39A Lecture 3 Outline The Medieval World Page3 7 Ha 39d Removal to Rama Catherine of Siena urges Pope Gregory R r 1370 1378 to return Papacy to Rome 1377 39 e Gregory XI MOVES Papacy back to Rome 1378 The Great Schism 1378 1415 French cardinals elect Clemeht VII r 1378 1394 who RETURNS his Papacy to Avignon What problem now exists A Divided Europe 8 Those loyal to Avignon 2 France Spain Southern ltalyamp Scotland Those loyal to Rome 2 England German states Scandinavia amp rest of Italy Why is the Great Schism a problem for themgqgmg ggbgrmP The Councii oi Rim 1409 Popes in Rome amp Avignon are told by Church to abdicate but both REFUSE NEW Pope Alexander V elected anyway w what problem now emerges following the Council of Pisa J quot2Jami P H339bE i a 39 V 39e quot 39Panew335 39cui1I39 39 3939 rus rJ i quotah1 fawn4 4 139 mWHWM WM mumr Lecture 3 Outline r The Medieval World 39 page 339 Thequot Council of Constance 1414 1418 w Holy Roman Emperor Sigismund r 1411 1437 calis for another council 1414 DEPOSES removes the two Popes at Rome amp Avignon I Pope Martin V r 1417 1431 elected and Papacy MOVED back to Rome permane tiy g e Lectur new wt r39iLr quot m quot139 5 39 i quot 39x 5ztnzdiifv 1ltrL Qihk trh 39 d 39 fim5sh i C quotm39393 9239539alquot139539quot39La i1H y l Eg i 339 5quot 39h535 quot75 39 39 h 34455quot Irquot 539quot539quotquotquot quot Iquot 5 W 39 w I i 3 Out me I E39 MEdlEVa W0 e Page40