Popular in The West in the World
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanelle Smith on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ST 150 - 19 at Ball State University taught by John Scott Parkinson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Lecture 8 Outine Reaction amp More Revolutions i Following Napoleon Bonaparte s final defeat much of Europe breathed a sigh of relief Yet this relief was only temporarily The powers met to ensure that such a menace never returned to Europe but they could not stop the growing discontent among the masses By 1830 a new wave of revolutions had broken out spurred by the success ofAmerica s and France s revolutions of the previous century By the mid 19th century however political change was not coming so easy to EurOpe In many instances political change was still years away Yet revolution did bring lasting change to Greece and much of Latin and South America As the 19th century drew to a close the political ideologies introduced in the early portion of the century were creating much anxiety Nationalism in particular was rearing its head to forever change the EurOpean and world landscape Restoring Order The Great Powers consist of Great Britain Austria Prussia 81 Russia The Congress of Vienna 1814 is led by Austria s Prince Klemens von Met ternich m 5i a 11 5 I r 39 r V quot 1 39 212 H 14mm was the GOAL of the Congress of Vienna Maintaining Order The Concert of EurOpe 1815 consists of Great Britain Russia Austria Prussia 8t 39 later France y MEETS periodically and adapts principle of intervention57 9 39r J bf 3 What was the purposeof the Concert of Europe 1815 P Whydoes Great Britain REFUSE to participate in the principle of intervention FV E Iii l r Lecture 8 Reaction 8 More Revolutions Page 63 Latin American Independence Prior to 1800 Latin 8 South America remain in the hands of Spain amp Portugal Slowly the countries of Latin amp South America begin to BREAK FREE V I If 3quot Argentina declares her independence 1816 V quot Columbia 1819 8 Venezuela 1821 obtain independence w the AID of a Simon Bolivar 39 Jos de San Martin HELPS Chile 1817 Peru 1821 obtain their independence v 393 Mexico breaks from Spain 1821 Portugal recognized Brazil s independence 1822 39 rquot z 4 The United States issues the Monroe Doctrine 1823 ll hgogvvemthe United States believe will enforce the Monroe Doctrine and New Political Ideologies conservatism Traced to English statesman Edmund Burke 1729 1797 t I Stresses established institutions and prefer gradual development to abrupt change a Calls for lower taxes limited government regulation of business and a strong national defense E Favor obedience to political authority believe organized religion crucial to social order hate revolutionary upheavals and unwilling to accept liberal demands for civil liberties and representative governments H Seek to preserve things as they are status W Lecture 8 Reaction amp More Revolutions to life liberty and property E Want as little government intervention as possible 5 Most support constitutions liberal democracy free and fair elections human rights capitalism free trade and the separation of church and state nationalism e FlRST true example dates to Hundred Years War where nationalism gave birth a LLQ ty ampudEVQ Qlin of national consciousness exalting one a Nationalism emphasizes collective identity a peoplemustbeautonomous united and express a single national culture socialism 5 Englishman John Stuart Mill 1806 1873 credited with introducing the idea l Any of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means ofproduction and distribution of goods zi 3 4 V i quotm Ad 1 951 39 39A eerizl 4 Hui211 Lecture 8 Reaction amp More Revolutions page 65 The1830 Revolutions France An attempt to RESTORE the old regime leads to REVOLTS Louis Philippe r 1830 1848 emerges Belgium Congress of Vienna added the Austrian Netherlands to the Dutch Republic but a REVOLT creates an and ggmut rwahl Belgium The 1848 Revolutions France LouisaPhilippe s government FALLS from power February 24 1848 as moderates amp radicals take CONTROL lVlOBS take to streets as thousands are killed I 4000 arrested 84 deported to Algeria l uharl es Louis Bonaparteemerges I h39z39za HOW does Charles Louis Bonaparte become President of France 1848 I 7 H 39 1 wquot nil J I 5 l 1 39r y u wrg L39 39 quot g Prussia Germanic Confederation consists of thirtyeight individual amp sovereign states each w little power as Prussia and Austria still DOMINATE Frederick William IV r 1840 i 1861 issues NEW Constitution amp abolishes censorship but attempts to UNlTE the Germanstat is w Mu Lu am f Lecture 8 Reaction 8 More Revolutions Austria Hungarian liberals led by Louis Kossuth want commonwealth status 1 But Austrian military forces CRUSH the revolts r Ferdinand i ABDLCATES throne in favor of his nephew Francis Joseph I r 1848 1916 ltalian States Italian States consisting of NlNhlfifstates Piedmont 8 Sardinia ruled by House of Savoy the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Naples amp Sicily the Papal States Lombardy Venetia Modena Parma amp Tuscany are still controlled by 7 Giuseppe Mazzini 8 his Young Italy movement emerges 1831 V WigtyrosineQQ4LofQilusseaeMaarinifrMarietteiimeyrment i if i 1 lt Hr T 1 I REVOLTS occur in Lombardy 8 Venetia 1848 Piedmont s King Charles Albert r 1831 1849 leads war of liberation against Austria but FAILS WhatwastoegramresultLafitte844iievqlutienriizitl1iniiyrgae 39 n x a 1 S aquot in 39 I Lecture 8 Reactio