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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shanelle Smith on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ST 150 - 19 at Ball State University taught by John Scott Parkinson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
J 4 I Ffv my Lecture 9 Outline Nationalism amp the New imperialism As the 19th century neared a close change was once again fermenting across Europe A new political ideology that would dominate much of the world into the late 20th century was introduced A minor war would totally destroy the delicate balance of power across Europe The unification of the German and ltalian states brought two new powers to fruition but led to more problems Russia appeared to be moving forward but then took a step backward Meanwhile Great Britain found herself at war in South Africa which would forever change how warfare was conducted Many countries now scrambled to grab up new territories in what is known as the new imperialism This rivalry among the European powers would lead to new tensions as the 20th century began tensions that would leadto the war to end all wars 39 Karl MariaFriedrich Engels publish The Communist Manifesto 1848 lllmgtgiamiiiarx and Enqels say stating that history was the result of According to Marx and Engels what were the working clqgses to do i l39 39 7 r 39 v 39 l I l39 f by communism 39 Sociopolitical movement that aims for a classless and stateless society 3 Common ownership of the means ofproduction E An END of wage labor and private property A Dominant Leader England s Queen Victoria 1819 1901 comes to the throne of the United Kingdom of Great Britain in 1837 39 E Will rule as monarch until 1901 5 New Imperialism Lecture 9 The Nationalism amp the 9quot i 39 i i i r 3 no Ir i Hi M In 5quot wank a C i i t ii l The Crimean war 1853 1856 Russia 8L France disagree over who should have access to the holy regions of the Middle East namely Nazareth ampJerusalem H Russia also desires to PROTECT the Christian holy shrines in the region as well Russia sends troops into the Middle East amp INVADES Moldavia 8L Wallachia Ottoman Turks declare WAR on Russia October 4 1853 E France 8L Great Britain declare WAR on Russia March 28 1854 8L lNVADE the Crimean Peninsula quot Sevastopol FALLS September 1855 as Russia sues for PEACE It Treaty of Paris 1856 ENDS con ict Wth are the legacies of the crimean War German Unification Prussian Prime Minister Ottoyon Bismarck has plan to the German states Fquot quotWhat Bismarck calls blood and irOQ l quotl iii t a Enemyer Why is the DanishPrussian War 1864 Denmark Over Schleswig A ta I quottn AustrowPrussian War 1866 FOUG HT w Austria IFlhypdges Prussia FIGHT theFranco Prussian War 1870 e 1871 with France l quoti r 1 quot4 ll quot3 79 v I Vquot 39 l l fluhere was Germany BORN January 18 18371 t Jyr 9 Fr quotKPH rquot l 39 s sf t Ltd1 At Tii r kh fi x 39quot393 Lecture 9 he Nationalism amp the New Imperialism Treaty of Frankfurt May 10 1871 ENDS war a France is to PAY reparations amp surrender Alsace amp Lorraine to Germany W What did Austria always FEAR mid71 hopiyjnp italian Unification Austria still DOMINATES the Italian states 1850 E HoUse of Savoy CONTROLS Sardinia amp Piedmont led by King Victor Emmanuel ll r 1849 1878 Why does Piedmont s Prime Minister Camilla Benso di CaugurHIEAMHEWX Erdnce s Charles Louis Bonaparte x f 1 y n39 1 39rquot r 4231 Cavour PROVOKES Austria into INVADING Piedmont 1859 Austrian LOSS allows France to receive Nice and a portion of Savoy Nationalists in Parma Modena 8 Tuscany now see their chance 539 Giuseppe Garibaldi amp his Red Shirt Army SECURE Naples 8 Kingdom of the Two Sicilies September 1860 t Kingdom of Italy finally proclaimed March 17 1861 but is subordinate to the control of Victor EmmanUel ll ltalian unification NOT complete until Venetia is gained after the Austro Prussian War 1866 and Rome is VACATED at end of the Franco Prussian War 1871 What country s uni cation allowed the talion states to finally become QNEZEQ 139239 139i quot 39 Lecture 91 The Nationalism 8 the New imperialism AustriaHungary The Ausgleich Compromise of 1867 createsdual monarchy f Austria Hungary 39 With two capitals Austria amp and SHARED army foreign policy 8 financial system I Francis Joseph I r 1848 1916 becomes Emperor of Austria amp King of Hungary Russia s Problems Alexander H r 1855 1881 OVERHAULS Russia by freeing the serfs w the Emar19i88ti9rtEeictMarch 3 1861 39 Zemst yosare a lso created r l Alexander I is as g sinated March 131881 quot39isa ri A l39 39k nd r m r 1881 1894 ABANDONS reforms and returns to an authoritarian type of rule Nicholas II r 1894 191739 rules as the LAST Russian tsar Russia LOS39ESJ Russollllapanese War 1904 1905 to an upstart Japan a Revolutionary wove Revolution of 1905 produces limited constitutional monarchy a State Duma and a multiparty system 8 But unrest and problems remain Germany s Problems For Germany 1888 is the Year of Three Emperors a ilhelm I Frederick Ill and Wilhelm ll f 5 Sr quot Emperor Wilhelm ll r 1888 1918Wants Germany to have her place in the sun 39 as If quotwe km 91 E 39II 4 Lecture 9 The Nationalism 81 the New Imperialism WWW does Wilhelm II DISW5 Otto 10 5 q u u a n n s m n s i l a i i h i z u a u u a a q H h s I a n than i naaa i n I greasesnistietersigabelieP u u i h u i i 1 n I i i u a n u u a u u h I lnIl 39l r I r 4 I I h 391 I If The Boer War 1899 1902 British nd themselves at WAR with the Boie lirs descendants of the original Dutch settlers in South Africa a E Becomes a NASTY guerilla war if 8 British ultimately WlN amp establish the Union of South Africa in 1910 ENE Im ei a sm A Scramble for colonies late 18005 TAlNTE D idea Of Herbert Spencer 8Lr mgj wnl U 4 i i v i V Whetseystrrmsiwesterlyjewelpjtbe ritishj msirs r il r r J i Vquot i 111leteenstn4dl39 t l2ys iaisanesthesiaQEEEAZLQ1ltSTQ F Gunboat Diplomacy Qpium Wars Anglo Chinese Wars are FOUGHT between Great Britain 81 China over trade 5 First Opium War 1839 1842 OPENS British trade w China and results in Hong Kong becoming a British possession I Second Opium War 1856 1860 further OPENS British 81 French trade w China g 3 Lecture 9 e The Nationalism amp the New imperialism y www 39 quotquotgt3939r391quot 39armingm39ueiJt399 Page 73 US Naval forces commanded by Commodore Matthew Perry SAIL into Tokyo Bay 1853 amp 1854 and DEMAND opening ofJapanese trade w Western World Japanese officials OPEN trade w West 1854 American Expansion United States ACQUIRES Guam Midway Island amp the Philippines following our victory over Spain in the Spanish American War 1898 Hawaiian Islands also become US possession 1898 The Boxer Rebellion 1899 1901 Antiforeign Chinese nationalists PROTEST presence within China P Protests lead to WAR being declaredagainst ALL foreigners within China 1899 Eight nations Great Britain United States France Japan Russia Germany 39 AustriaHungary amp Italy send 0000 troops to PUT DOWN uprising I Rebellion is CRUSHED and Beijing is occupied 3 China forced to pay an indemnity over 38 year span A Series of Al I ian ces 44 f Germany FORMS DualAlIiance w AustriaHungary in 1879 Who JOINS the Dual Alliance in 1882 makinqittlieTriple Alliance Triple Entente Russia Great Britain amp France formed 1907 The Bosnian Crisis Austria ANNEXES provinces of Bosnia amp Herzegovina 1908 Lecture 9 The Nationalism amp the New Imperialism Page 74 Why does selrlgio look to Russia for help Germany WARNS Russia E Russia backs down but vows REVENGE The First Balkan War Serbia Bulgaria Montenegro amp Greece form the Baffllganfteague to DEFEAT and plunder a decaying Ottoman Empire Us a ATTACK amp DEFEAT the Ottoman Turks 19123 but CANNOT agree over how to carve up territorv won 5 Bulgaria is especially UPSET The Second Balkan War Greece Serbia Romania amp Ottoman Turks ATTACK amp DEFEAT Bulgaria 1913 Serbia s GOAL of access to the sea left unfulfilled when Albania is created I Tensions now BUILD 39 V The struggle far control ofthe remn qp ts of wha tempire led to iiorl ol qul r1 c w 7 13 3 ger wine L 5quot Who sold late 19m Century M quotone donut7e qreot European War willgqm g t ofsome damned foolish thing in the Balkans r Lecture 9 The Nationalism amp the New Imperialism Page 75