PSY 202 Lecture: Stress
PSY 202 Lecture: Stress 5094
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This 6 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday December 15, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 5094 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Ryujin, Laver in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 213 views. For similar materials see PSY 202 - General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 12/15/14
Monday November 3 2014 PSY 202 Week 7 Monday Lecture Stress Dr Belinda Morrill THE GOOD THE BAD AND THE UGLY stress a perceived threat to your coping resources I The Good A Some stress is adaptive and beneficial 1 Example One stress is a product of a challenge to one s resources a athletes 2 Sympathetic nervous system arousal is necessary for peak performance B Eustress 1 In fact eustress improves performance 2 Poorer performance hypo stress distress 3 Better performance eustress hyperstress 4 Either too little or too much stress has influence on performance A nae HUIJAN ruucnou cunve UJ L 2 7 E l39 l O Ll 0 u Q C PRESSURE C FightorFlight 1 Example Two The acute stress performance important to survival 2 Monday November 3 2014 Walter Cannon an early pioneer in stress research called this the Flight or Flight response D Video 1 2 What is stress not the physical stimuli interpretation perception What physiological changes happen during stress heart rate goes up blood pressure goes up adrenal gland loss of breath can t think anymore brain almost completely shutoff What brain structure are implicated in the acute stress response Hypothalamus four Fs first two fear fighting E The Acute Stress Response Takes Two Routes 1 39gt 3 Perceived Threat Hypothalamus Route One Sympathetic Nervous System Arousal Route Two HypothaamicPituitaryAdrenocortical Axis HPAC a Route One Sympathetic Nervous System Arousal Effects 1 Release catecholamines epinephrine amp norepinephrine 2 Increase heart rate 3 Increase blood flow to arteries amp organs 4 Constrict peripheral blood vessels 5 Increase blood pressure 6 Increase sweating b Route Two HPAC Effects 1 release glucocorticoids cortisol cortisol not bad for short term but long term is damaging 2 Alter hormones 3 increase opioids natural pain killers a help you to avoid pain when in shock Monday November 3 2014 4 Increase circulating sugar 5 Decrease insulin secretion 6 Decrease pain perception 7 Decline in long term functions ie immune system F When the threat subsides 1 The parasympathetic nervous system should bring toe organism back into balance a slow heart rate amp breathing b return hormones to normal c restore body functions d This is called homeostasis Using parasympathetic nervous system to calm yourself down is healthy The quieting response II The Bad chronic stress A GAS General Adaptation Syndrome 1 2 3 4 Hans Selye worked for decades looking at chronic stress Phase 1 Rocket Fuel Cal Poly Week 13 Phase 2 Slow Burning Fuel Cal Poly Weeks 47 Phase 3 Out of Gas Cal Poly Weeks 8 Stress rosntnco Thouoqvuauuuonnuemem Ldnlmgklonnhtamtdlm Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3 Alum Resaszmco Exhaustion reaction coo0 with lrosorws mobin strossor doomed rosouoosl B Biological Mechanisms of Action C How Stress can make you sick Ill The Ugly A DiathesisStress Model of Mental Illness 1 Diatheses vulnerabilities a Genetic Predisposition b Physiological Reactivity c Personality Traits Mental Illness a Schizophrenia b Major Clinical Depression c Obsessive Compulsive Disorder d Anxiety Disorders e Stress Disorders Coping Styles Resources familial support counseling Social Support Monday November 3 2014 SYRESS DISEASE ROUYES BAUM 1994 STRESS I l I punmamw hula satin Hablu A Phr dour 1 Q I i DISEASE Diathcsts Stress Model o Mental Illness Diatheses ojvulnerabl imesl Stress Coping Styles Resources Social Suppon Mental Illness Monday November 3 2014 a men are more susceptible to stress disorders and have less social support 1 men who go to college have more social support than those who don t B Stress Disorders 1 2 Colleges Boot Camp Chronic Headache migraines incapacitate people for 15 days a Progressive Muscle Relaxation Training teaches people how to tense and relax their muscles effective for chronic tension headaches Irritable Bowel Syndrome overreaction of cardiovascular system High Blood Pressure deadly strokes Not something you feel These can be the result of or aggravated by overactive physiological arousal C Toxic Personality Styles 1 2 Type A time urgency hostility Type C suppression of emotion guys our society teaches guys to suppress emotions Type D distressedanxious IV Back to the Good A Improving Coping Skills 1 3 Avoidant try to eliminate this one it s the least healthy a Procrastination b Withdrawal c Alchohol Abuse Active Behavioral Primary Control tends to be a Western Strategy a Problem Solving b Time Management Active Cognitive Secondary Control tends to ben an Eastern Strategy Monday November 3 2014 a Coping Statements b Cognitive Restructuting B Useful Strategies 1 Improve Self Care a Healthy Diet b Sleep Hygiene c Flu Shots 2 Develop Resources a Broaden Social Support Friends Family Clubs b Use University Study Skills Peer Healthy Counseling 3 Engage the Parasympathetic a Relaxation Techniques b Slow Breathing Techniques c Meditation