PSY 202 Lecture: Child Abuse & Neglect
PSY 202 Lecture: Child Abuse & Neglect 5094
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This 7 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday December 15, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 5094 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Ryujin, Laver in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 197 views. For similar materials see PSY 202 - General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 12/15/14
Wednesday November 12 2014 PSY 202 Week 8 Wednesday Lecture Child Abuse amp Neglect Connie Hanretty Church PowerPoint on website I Child Abuse and Neglect CAN A Background 1 2 3 4 5 Considered The Hidden Epidemic Children are suffering from child abuse and neglect all across America Report of child abuse is made every 10 seconds More than 5 children die every day as a result of child abuse Over 3 million reports of child abuse are made every year in the US involving 6 million children B History 1 Patriarchy ownership a Roman law specifies that fathers have the privilege of sell abandon offer in sacrifice devour kill or otherwise dispose of their offspring b Legacies 1 Children are expendable property 2 Protective efforts slow to develop 2 Class Structure value of children a Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals came before the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children b Protection for Children 1 1873 Mary Ellen abused and neglected comes to attention of Judge Elbridge T Gerry 2 Judge Elbridge declares Mary Ellen a member of the animal kingdom so that she can be protected under animal protection laws Wednesday November 12 2014 c Children seen as vermin nuisances Evolution of Social Mores a Lewis Carroll Alice in Wonderland Pedophile b Lewis Alice Liddell somewhat provocative pose c Edgar Allan Poe 1 At 26 years old married 13 year old cousin d Charles Dickens advocate of children s rights 1 exposed children s living in the streets 4 Creation of Laws and Public Protection of Children C Key Contributors 1 1962 Drs C Henry Kempe amp Ray Helfer Univeristy of Colorado School of Medicine Pediatrics a First to see via x rays there was something else going on b Published The Battered Child Syndrome in Journal of the American Medical Association c Started a long overdue conversation within the medical community about child abuseneglect 2 Battered Child Syndrome any child exhibiting evidence of fracture of any bone subdural hematoma failure to thrive soft tissue swellings or skin bruising in any child who dies suddenly or where the degree and type of injury is at variance with the history given regarding the occurrence of the trauma In 1966 all states had child abuse reporting laws providing a Definitions b Procedures c List of mandated reporters d Liability for failure to report 4 Wednesday November 12 2014 Dave Finklehor PhD 1970 surveyed female college students re child sexualabuse Roland Summit MD 1980 Child Sexual Abuse Accommodation Syndrome a Secretly allows abuse to continue b Causes sense of helplessness w adult relations c Begins to feel trapped accommodates d Disclosure often overlooked by parents e After disclosure guild causes retraction D Definitions 1 Physical Abuse a Most common forms bruises broken bones cigarette burns b Often done on the body that clothes can cover it Emotional Abuse a garners least attention but perhaps most damaging to human psyche b Constantly putting down of children yelling c Even though very negative have attention in the family Neglect physical and emotional a Most occur in physical neglect of children no food odor because not bathed dirty homes etc b Emotional neglect virtually no interaction very very detrimental as good as invisible Sexual Abuse and Exploitation a Child pornography b Child sex slaves E Facts 1 Majority of victims are under 5 years Wednesday November 12 2014 Most child victims are acquainted with the offender even in sexual abuse cases Children in single parent homes are at greater risk of child abuse than those in intact family environments Mother are the most common offenders of physical abuse and general neglect Father of fatherfigures are the most common offenders of sexual abuse Sibling abuse is on the rise as is domestic violence in the homes of children Contrary to popular belief child abuseneglect occurs in families of all socioeconomic levels and ethnic backgrounds a Cannot use attribution theory b Certain groups have been the subject of most research because they are in the system and easier to study and do research F Local Statistics 1 SLO County 331 average monthly referrals to Child Welfare Services in 201314 of which 70 were investigated and substantiated as cases needing referral services a 85 general neglect b 75 physical abuse c 5 sexual abuse d 5 emotional abuse G DVD First Impressions 1 FD0quot39gt 3 Brain is spongy Young children most severely impacted Children who are exposed to domestic violence are literally exposed to fear Brain can rewire and heal itself Healthy adult relationships attentive etc Brain of their child will be exactly how parents act Wednesday November 12 2014 7 Human brain is a mirror to child s developmental experience H Prenatal Use of Drugs and Alcohol 1 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome a Prenatal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth defects developmental disorders and mental retardation in children b Alcohol is the most damaging of all the substances of abuse including cocaine heroin and marijuana ll Programs and Theories A Formal Program Theories 1 P 2 Best Practices a It is the only approach that is predict b Predictive theory empirically states if certain conditions are present a probable outcome may result c Premise to prevent a problem from happening one needs to identify the factors that increase the risk of that problem developing and then find ways to reduce the risk 3 Model Programs best of the best B Theoretical Perspectives 1 Risk and Protective Factors a Risk factors increase the likelihood of child abuse amp neglect adolescent substance abuse teen pregnancy school dropout youth violence and deHnquency b Protective factors counter risk factors and the more protective factors that are present the less the risk 1 Individual characteristics 2 Bonding 3 Healthy beliefs amp clear standards Wednesday November 12 2014 2 ResHeney AppFeaeh 3 4 Attachment Theory 8 b 1 Attachment theory describes the dynamics of longterm relationships between humans Its most important tenet is that an infant need to develop a relationship with at least one primary caregiver for social and emotional development to occur normally Post WWII John Bowlby is attributed to formulating a comprehensive theory Risk Factors Attachment Nearly 80 of infants known to be mistreated by their parents or primary caregivers show disorganized attachment These individuals account for a high percentage of the population accused of violent crimes 5 Family System a b C d 1 Prepares child to take hisher place as a functional adult or not within society Parentchild relationship expected to provide stability and integrity Parents need to provide a secure stable constant relationship on which their children can base their expectations and model their future relationships Childhood is the blueprint for life Family establishes 1 Boundaries 2 Roles 3 Communication Bonding amp Attachment 1 Parents opportunity to bond Wednesday November 12 2014 a Physical emotional spiritual social b Verbal amp nonverbal c Welcomed and wanted d Responsive parenting e Foundation is built in infancy g lnconsitent parenting abuse or neglect attachment disorder h Parents Rights amp Children s Rights i Penn State scandal organizations diffuse responsibility
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