Forensic Anthropology Week 3/21/16
Forensic Anthropology Week 3/21/16 Anth 310
Edinboro University of Pennsylvania
Popular in Intro to Forensic Anthropology
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Johnson on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 310 at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania taught by Dr. Barbian in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Intro to Forensic Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Edinboro University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/22/16
Forensic Anthropology 3/21/16 Sex Determination ● Biological identity Biological Sex Differences ● Size ○ Males=Robust ○ Females=Gracile; appx 92% size of males ● Architecture ○ Females→ childbirth ■ Wilder pelvis creates different angles Accuracy of Visual Methods ● Skeleton full 90100% ● Pelvis 9095% ● Skull 8090% ● Long Bones maximum of 80% ○ All for adult remains Pelvic Morphology INdicator Male Female Sacrum Curved and Long Flat and Short Pelvic Inlet HeartShaped Oval Pubic Bone Shape Triangular Square, elongated Greater Sciatic notch Narrow,Vshaped Wide, Ushaped Preauricular Sulcus Absent or shallow Deeper or Wide Phenice Method, 1969 ● Three criteria ○ Ventral arc ■ A ridge on the ventral surface of bone ● Females: raised ridge, pulling away from the face of the pubic symphysis ● Males: ridge runs parallel to the face ○ Subpubic concavity ■ Curvature of the bone below the pubic symphysis ● Female: curved ● Males: straight or convex ○ Ischiopubic ramus ridge Forensic Anthropology 3/21/16 ● Ridge directly beneath the pubic face ○ Females: pinched and narrow ○ Males: broad and flat ■ How well are they defined is how all three criteria are decided ■ Takes a lot of practice Cranial Morphology Indicator Male Female Glabellar Region Pronounced Flat Supraorbital Margin Blunt Sharp Mental Eminence Pronounce Flat Nuchal Crest Defined Flat Mastoid Process Large and Robust Short and Narrow Mandible ● Females: Rounded, ushaped jaw ● Males: Square Metric Sectioning Points ● Vertical Humeral Head Female Indeterminant Male <43mm 4446mm >47mm ● Femoral Head Female Probable Indeterminate Probable Male Male Female <42.5 43.544.5 43.546.5 46.547.5 >47.5 ●
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