PSY 202 Lecture: Clinical Disorders-Depression
PSY 202 Lecture: Clinical Disorders-Depression 5094
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This 5 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Julia Gladding on Monday December 15, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to 5094 at California State Polytechnic University taught by Ryujin, Laver in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 143 views. For similar materials see PSY 202 - General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State Polytechnic University.
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Date Created: 12/15/14
Monday November 24 2014 PSY 202 Week 10 Monday Lecture Clinical Disorders Depression Dr Chuck Slem I Overview Move from normal behavior to clinical behavior along a continuum No dramatic change Disorders are exaggeration of fundamental psychological processes which under normal circumstances serve us well 1 Symptoms what is the nature of their distress Symptoms tend to cluster in constellations 2 Triggers asking questions about if there are things happening in their lives that is associated with their symptoms 3 Underlying Causes What is it about the psychological process that got derailed Is it a learning system derailment Or an emotional Biological malfunction 4 Best Treatment techniques different based on what got derailed ll Depression A Prevalence the common cold of psychological disorders 1 General Population roughly 15 of the adult population is experiencing some form of clinical depression at any given time a Will change based on environmental factors ie bad economy b 1 reason people go see their family physicianstherapist 2 College Students higher risk of clinical depression than a Over the course of an academic year 78 of the college students in the country will experience some sort of depression b Only 1020 actually go in for treatment 1 One of the reasons because it is very difficult to distinguish between normal depression and clinical depression Monday November 24 2014 B Normalquot Depression Symptoms experiencing a combination of the following symptoms for a period of time Mood sad Daily activities have no enjoyment No energy Having problems in concentrating lndecisive Feel worthless incompetent See situations as being hopeless Exaggeration in sleeping or eating problems Eating disturbances can go one way or the other food doesn t taste good anymore some will start to eat everything in sight comfort food Add or lose 5 of body weight Restless sleep wide awake at 4 or 5 am some people will sleep a lot 1 Reactive Depression a reaction to a negative life event loss break up of long relationship doing poorly on exams problems at work a Situation Sensitive b Adaptive something important is going on in your life and you better take action to protect your well being 2 Grief Reaction nature of loss is much greater death of parent spouse child Expect people to express intense grief a Under some circumstances that grief may go to far and reach clinical depression 1 According to DSMV C Clinical Depression 1 Excessive reaction that is way more exaggerated than the nature of the loss 2 lnterferes depression begins to interfere with your life in a critical way Monday November 24 2014 3 Chronic mood gets stuck mood does not lift situation sensitivity gone Of 4 Source Unclear D Triggers in College Students 1 Academic Failures a quotThat 179 GPA is just not making it b Lot of opportunity to fail in a short amount of time Career and Life Goals a quotWhat do I want to be when I grow up and how do I get there b Stuck in the wrong major c Of the students who enroll at Cal Poly in their freshman year and graduate 357 graduate with a different major Social Relationships loss or lack of social support a Homesickness 1 usually quite temporary b Heartbreak 101 dumped E Models of Depression 1 Biological Models a Micromodel Our behavior is a function of the brain b What got derailed was a product of biological malfunction c Disruption of translation of nerve impulses from one neuron to the other Neurotransmitters cannot cross synaptic gap Inefficient firing or receiving neuron causes depression d Biochemical problem most likely treatment is antidepressant e Other biochemical pathways being investigated f Video animation of what goes on at level of neuron when taking antidepressant medication Monday November 24 2014 g 2011 American Medical Association General found more severely depressed the person was the antidepressant worked better 2 Learning Models a Reinforcement Theory 1 quotLoss of positive reinforcement 2 An interruption of positive reinforcement will elicit depressive response b Learned Helplessness Model 1 quotlnability to control the environment 2 sometimes in situations where there is no solution learned to be helpless 3 generalize helpless feeling to other situations 4 dog shock example a dogs in group with high barrier when the barrier was only half up a few days later remains whimpering in the corner 3 Cognitive Model thinking got derailed a quotThinking Causes Depression 1 Jerry from video 2 Interpretation is critical instead of the situation itself may be successful etc Many cognitive models some of us are more likely to be clinically depressed because of the way we look at the world b Depressogenic Style As a young adult I have developed this way of looking at the world Looking at the world this way regardless of whether things are good or bad Lens of looking at the world 1 Negative view of self low selfesteem 2 Negative view of the environment pessimistic glass half empty 3 Negative view of the future view of things not really working out well in general Monday November 24 2014 Psychotherapy Preview phobia derailment in learning process Francis had traumatic experience in the presence of a white rabbit
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