New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

TopicsPlant Developmental Bio

by: Era Schumm

TopicsPlant Developmental Bio BIOL 471

Era Schumm

GPA 3.67

Christopher Hardy

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Christopher Hardy
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Biology

This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Era Schumm on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 471 at Millersville University of Pennsylvania taught by Christopher Hardy in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see /class/223539/biol-471-millersville-university-of-pennsylvania in Biology at Millersville University of Pennsylvania.


Reviews for TopicsPlant Developmental Bio


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/15/15
BIOL 471 7 Methods in Systematics Topic 037Phylogenetics I I quot terms and mm ents A Phylogeny 1 De ned 2 Phylogeny vs tokogeny 3 Clade and monophyletic group 4 Sister group B Cladogram 1 De ned 2 Styles 3 Branches and nodes Internal branches vs external branches C Characters and homology 1 Cladogram as a framework for studying the origin of variation among species 2 Characters and character states 3 Apomorphies vs Plesiomorphies Autapomorphy vs synapomorphy Synapomorphy vs symplesiomorphy Hashmarks 4 Homology analogy and homoplasy II Cladistirs basics A The taxonbycharacter matrix B Synapomorphies as evidence of recency of common ancestry l Ingroup vs outgroup 2 Parsimony and Ockham s Razor 3 Parsimony the optimality criterion C Minimizing quotstepsquot is the practical application of parsimony III Sources of variation for characters A Morphological and anatomical variation B Genetic eg DNA sequence variation 1 Source of genetic data 2 Alignment of DNA sequences


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.