United States History I RODP
United States History I RODP HIST 2010
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This 13 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Ayden McGlynn on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 2010 at Motlow State Community College taught by Robert Pickard in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/223573/hist-2010-motlow-state-community-college in History at Motlow State Community College.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Page One In the introduction what parallels does Ambrose see in the lives of Crazy Horse and Custer Two men who died as they lived They were both war lovers men of aggression with deeply rooted instinct to charge the enemy rout him kill him Men of supreme courage they were natural born leaders in a combat crisis the type to whom others instinctively looked for guidance and inspiration They were always the rst to charge the enemy and last to retrea They were born about the same time and died within a year of each other Both had happy childhoods Became honored leaders at a young age Custer 23 CH 24 Humiliated and punished at the height of their careers for breaking laws to be with the women they loved Recovered from the blows and came back to leadership roles Had younger brothers who were even bigger daredevils and risk takers then they were Did not drink Avid hunters Loved horses and riding at full speed day in and day out What was life on the plains like for the Sioux What impression did the fur traders have of the Sioux What observations did Francis Parkman make There were many horses and abundance of buffalo for food they would combine their tribes to protect each other they need not believe in dividing the rich and the poor If a man had too many horses then he would make sure someone that did not have a horse now had one Not one single person alone was wealthy but the tribe together was The fur traders believed that the problem with the plain Indians is that they were too rich They thought they were lazy and would not work They commented on their bravery endurance and horsemanship They ate to much and had no plans for the future Francis Parkman observed how a whole village could decide not to do any work that day and sleep the whole day away However if they were awakened to do something they were full of energy He could not keep up with them when they were awake They could pack up a single village in little time and be on there way Why were the Sioux in a state of flux when Crazy Horse was born What did Sitting Bull think They did not want to change their ways of living but they wanted the white man s guns coffee whiskey and metal A1 of which they could not have if they did not change their ways He wanted his people to go back to the ways of his ancestors The whites may get me at last but I will have good times till then You are fools to make yourselves slaves to a piece of fat bacon some hardtack and a little sugar and coffee What were two myths about Indians held by whites What did the two parties agree upon What was the Key to the American character and how did this con ict with the Sioux character Indians were always honest and always a liar always courageous and forever a coward always happy and forever a downcast always colorful and attractive in appearance and forever dirty and disgusting always faithful and king and forever disloyal and cruel They agreed that Indians should be removed The key to the American character is dynamism American wanted to work the land and transform it making it better Whereas the Indians lived off the land and did nothing to improve it How was Curley raised and what was his family like How did games play a paIt in his training for manhood What signs did he learn on the plains When he was born his mother made sure he did not cry His family was a solid respected one among the Indians His father was crazy horse Spent most his infanthood on a cradleboard fed on demand By one year old he was eating buffalo meat By two he was eating soup from a spoon Everything the tribe had was shared Never struck by an adult Games helped him learn the customs of his people They toughened him up for what was to come He learned to see everything about this environment and remember it When a jay ew with his mouth empty he was going to get water but if it was full of mud he had come from water How were boys trained to be warriors By playing games with the other boys Like fighting and pretending to be at war Hunting too Learning to ride horses and how to see their environment and all the sign from it Why were the Winktes different and what was the tribe s attitude about them When boys are young they have dreams or visions that tell that they should be a warrior or something else Winktes are two spirited people Some explain this as the mother had twin but only one was born while the other lays dormant inside the live one Eventually it will awaken and the boy will have two souls The tribe respected them and they had a place within the tribe What purpose did the Akicita societies serve Military Serving as legislative and executive bodies made laws when needed and were the police to enforce them kept order Why did the Sioux live without compulsion The Sioux had hope not expectations for their children No stigma was attached to those who chose other than the normal roles nor was there punishment Their choices were respected The Sioux believe in listening to their inner voice How were the Oglala divided They were leaderless Could not even get together to strike their enimies Could not agree How was Curley different from most Oglala children Modest instead of boastful Had a sense of reserve He did not like the show of emotion that came from tragedy or victory Did not brag about himself Did not like rough joke or loud singing Did not feel like he had to prove anything at the Sun Dance What happened when Grattan and Harney attacked the Sioux Grattan s Attack Conquering bear was shot and laid in a pool of blood The Brul s poured out of their lodges the Oglalas rode down on the Grattan party from the bluffs One quick volley of arrows and it was all over Grattan and his men were dead The warriors rode off to Bordeaux s place with the intention of shooting it up and taking his stock of goods Harney s Attack The Brul s did not know of the attack at rst Little Thunder rode out beyond the village to meet Harney Spotted Tail at his side carrying a white flag A council followed each side trying to fool the other Both sides were trying to buy time Little Thunder told of great friendship with the white s and explained why they had not obeyed orders Harney told them to prepare to fight Little Thunder and Spotted tail raced back to the village and yelled to the people to run They ran light into the soldiers Many Indians died some were captured Curly came back to see all the carnage What was Curley s vision and how did his father interpret it A man on horseback rode of the lake The horse kept changes colors and it oated above the ground so light was it the man too who sat well forward on the horse He wore plain leggings and a sianle hat His face was unpainted and he had only a single feather in his long brown hair He had a small brown stone tied behind his ear He did not seem to speak but Curly heard him clearly nonetheless The man told Curly never to war a war bonnet nor to tie up his horse s tail because the horse needed its tail when he jumped a stream and in the summer time to brush ies He said that before going into battle Curly should pass some dust over his horse in lines abd streaks but should not paint the pony And he should rub some of the dirt over his own hair and body Then he would never be killed by a bullet or by an enemy But he should never take anything for himself All the while the man and the horse were oating brushing aside constant attacks from a shadowy enemy But he rode straight through them straight through the ying arrows and lead balls which always disappeared before striking their target Several times the man and horse were held back it seemed by his own people coming up from behind and catching his arms but he shook them off and rode on A storm came uo and on he man s cheek a little zigzag of lighting appeared and a few hail spots on his body Then the storm passed and the man s people closed in around him grabbing and pulling while overhead a hawk screamed Crazy Horse told Curly that Curly was the man in the dream That he must do as he said dress as he dressed wear a single hawk feather in his hair a small stone behind his ear He must lead his people and never take anything for himself What did Curley think about after joining the Cheyenne in battle against the soldiers on July 29 1857 He is only fteen at this point and he has already seen three Indian camps destroyed or abandoned in the past three years and saw few soldiers harmed Believed if the Sioux worked together they could defeat the white s What did Lt Warren and Bear s Rib discuss Bear s Rib agreed that Warren could head north for Bear s Butte but then he must march east away from Pa Sapa the holy place In return Warren was to tell the president that the Indian people just wanted to be left be From this point what was the central point of Curley s Life The Sioux war with the western Plains Indians would be a central fact in Curly s life Why was seven year old Autie a hawk on the Mexican War He waved a penny ag and yelled out My voice is for war What did his teachers teach him and what did the schools emphasize Taught discipline and respect for authority Emphasized American history especially on the Revolution and the Constitution Emphasized on the principle of the equality of white American s but recognize the existence of a class society What kind of boyhood did he have in Monroe At rst he met snobby people and did little petty jobs for little money mostly for the judge so he could see the judge s daughter He later moved back home and then returned most likely for the better schools He went to a boys academy and graduated from there and returned to Ohio to after getting a job Why was he a popular teacher He would play with the boys wash girl s faces in the snow and play the accordion for opening exercises Loved to argue about politics just as his father had What kind of student was Custer at West Point What does Ambrose say about his graduating last in his class a slovenly soldier and a deplorable student a tardy and a clumsy recruit who persistently was punished for slackness in drill dirty equipment or disorderly uniform Custer refused to live by regulations and bad in his studies The overall picture is of an irresponsible and irrepressible adolescent who came perilously close to being thrown out of the Academy on numerous occasions He completed four year but Harley unchanged Although he learned the importance of institutional obedience and the importance of selective obedience He learned to regard all his fellow cadets as competitors in a race for positions and honor He came to understand that he would be judged and ranked every day Learned some social grace Spanish mathematics Learned a sense of timing Why was Custer s arrest revealing How did it work to his advantage in receiving an assignment It revealed that Custer allowed instincts to prevail over his obligations of an officer It rendered the action and proceedings of the court martial in the case nugatory Why were the years following 1858 good for the Oglalas How does Crazy Horse grow to maturity and become a leader Free of white soldiers Drove Shoshonis and Crows from the Powder River country making that prime buffalo range their own Growing horse herds No longer begging for handout on the Holy Road or drinking Living in best hunting country in North America Maturity and Leadership Shooting and killing for his people to eat Stealing Different strong emotions throughout what happens fallen comrades Other men wanted to follow him into battle How did the Indians wage war They went straight into battle and began an attack with no warning beforehand Sent a war pipe around a circle of Indians If you smoked from it you were to join in the war Summarize Colonel Collins report He reported that Indians in his region were still friendly and wanted to remain so He also told of the number of Indians in the vicinity who the headman were and so on Also who many lodges and where they were The Indians can become hostile if continued to be treated the way they were The buffalo were being killed from the movement of emigrant White s come in contact with Indians and show them no justice an then the Indians complain that promises from the government are not being kept It is the Indians way of life to be at war with another tribe Why were the tribes attacking the whites in the summer of 1864 Soldiers were shooting any Indian they saw The Indians had had enough of the white s causing trouble among them Killing of Indians scaring away buffalo so on What happened when Chivington attacked Black Kettles camp How did the tribes retaliate Indians put up a stiff ght for three or four hours The Indians lost more men then White s The white woldier scalped and mutilated the dead mostly women and children The tribes went to the stagecoach station and stole The Indians continued to raid Why did ghting whites have its rewards They got more from the white s when they looted They got plenty of food and cattle horses and wagons Why was the stupidity of the white officers limitless They had Indian allies living right next to the fort The Indians were doing nothing had no guns or even horse but even with this they were made to travel through Pawnee land This would be a sure death if they had not died trying to get to Nebraska The soldiers who went with them threw children in the rivers and watched them thrash about and also would take women for reasons not mentioned If children acted up the soldiers would tie them to the wheels of the wagons The white s could have left the Indians be and nothing would have come of it but because of this hostile move towards the Indians the Oglala s decided to help What idiosyncrasies of Crazy Horse harden into habits Throwing dust over him and his horse Wearing nothing more than a breechcloth and leggings A single hawk feather in his hair A stone behind his ear and under his armpit Would not participate in emotional plays Would not smoke tobacco if it was pressed down by a stick How did both sides prepare for an all out struggle Why w They were choosing new leaders Crazy Horse being one for the Indians as the Civil War the great event of Custer s life How did he become a Brigadier General He won national prominence and thoroughly enjoyed those four bloody years He always enjoyed new experiences He fought his way to his position despite his politics Custer s record helped in the promotion Pleasonton saw Custer in action and thought of him for the job How did he ride to the top of his profession on the backs of his soldiers How did he get a decent return How d on the investment of his men s lives at Appomattox He charged his enemy no matter where he was or how many the numbers or his numbers or his position This caused many of his men to die rode to the top of his career over the backs of his fallen soldiers Although he lost many of his men s lives he got news coverage of the great battles he fought in The numbers need not matter then most likely were not even mentioned All that mattered what how well he looked He also took many prisoners maybe more than the number of his men that died id whites and Indians contrast in their ways of making war White soldiers would follow their leaders into near certain death something Indians warriors would never do The white s gave much more power or fame to their leaders than the Indians would ever dream of Discipline stood mostly with the white soldier Indians went more on courage and what they thought had to be done Who was Custer s favorite aide and how did the aide distinguish himself Custer s favorite aide was his younger brother Tom Tom captured the enemy s colors and was shot in the face for it He received the Congressional Medal of Honor Why did the newspapers love Custer The newspapers romanticized Custer as being a great man winning many battles They put sketches of Custer in battle in newspapers They compared him to Napoleon What kind of relations did he have with McClellan and Sheridan Custer loved McClellan as McClellan adored him McClellan gave Custer his rst real break and Custer followed him just about everywhere Custer and Sheridan were mutually dependent This lasted up until the end of Custer s life Sheridan also gave Custer his division What did a rep01ter say of Custer s Horsemanship In the sunshine his locks unskeined stream a foot behind him It was like the charge of a Sioux chieftain What were Crazy Horse and Custer39s views on the status of women Women were inferior mentally as well Why did they ght and become heroes Why did the peace policy fail What governmental blunders were constant and how was the Army as stupid as the government What did Taylor promise Red Cloud Young Man Afraid et al How did Red Cloud and Crazy Horse make war on Ft Phil Keamy in 1866 What happened in the ght between Crazy Horse and Captain Fetterman What is remarkable but true about the Indians How did these events have a direct impact on Custer How did Custer and Libbie nd happiness Why was Sherman determined to teach the redskins a lesson Why was the Army unjustly maligned for its record with the Plains Indians Why did no campaign the Army ever undertook match the stupidity of the Hancock campaign of 1867 What not yet famous correspondent join the party What happened for the rst time in the history of America39s Indian wars What stunt did Custer pull when he was pursuing Indians What were Custer39s orders regarding Libbie What did Libbie think about them Why did Sherman realize that the coming of the railroad would mean the end of the plains Indians Who were the plains Indians real enemies Why did Sherman fear resumption of warfare on the Powder River Why did he give civilizing a try How did both sides fail to keep their promises Why is it no wonder Sheridan and Sherman pulled strings to get the boy wonder back on duty Why was his rst ght with the Indians a smashing success Why did he retreat What other questions were raised Why was the Washita Battle typical of the Indian ghting Army What was the game from the rst settlement at Jamestown What were American leaders higher loyalty What points does Ambrose make about what was light or wrong and truth from falsehood Into what factions did the Oglalas split What was Custer39s most welcome order from Sheridan What famous scout joined them What did Spotted Tail show them What did Alexis retrieve What did they have for lunch What did the Union Paci c Railroad advertise that passengers could do as the train sped along Why did Stanley place Custer under arrest and how did Custer learn his lesson Why were both sides satis ed and why did they still have much to learn about each other Why did the panic of 1873 affect Custer s career What was Sheridan s excuse for commencement of the Great Sioux War What happened in the negotiations for the Black Hills What were the two sides to the story What order did Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse consider a good joke Could Presidential speculation possibly have affected Custer s behavior and how What was the Army s planned three pronged attack Why did the agency Indians move north Why did the hostile camp grow Why did he dog defect What was Napoleon s Maxim Why was Sitting Bull not at the Battle How did was Sitting Bull describe Custer39s death What were Custer39s mistakes in order of importance Why was Crazy Horse39s presence decisive on the battle eld