New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Animal Behavior

by: Michaela Crona

Animal Behavior PSY 390

Michaela Crona
GPA 3.68

William Zingrone

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

William Zingrone
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Psychlogy

This 24 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Crona on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 390 at Murray State University taught by William Zingrone in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/223585/psy-390-murray-state-university in Psychlogy at Murray State University.


Reviews for Animal Behavior


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/15/15
Ch11 Antipredator Behavior Shut up hide run play dead ght back but above all don t get eaten Two forms 0 1 Detection avoidance 2 Encounter behavior Avoidance 1 Blending in becoming cryptic by hiding and camouflage beach mice color variation 0 2 being quiet Gulf toadfish 13 of the dolphins diet reduce their calls only to dolphin hunting sounds 3 Safe habitat nesting away from predators Principles afAnimal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 114 Cuttle sh camouflagl ng Copyright 2009 w w Norton amp Company V Principles ofAnima Behavior 2nd Ed f f toadflsh Copyrigm 2009 W W NononampCompany I Dolphin whistles and pops I Dolphin pops alone 140 I Dolphin whistles alone ISna in shrim o s 3 120 PP g pp P 2 5 100 0 0 T 80 E 5 60 L 40 20 7 0 Before During After playback period playback period playback period Principles ofAnImal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 116 Gulf toadflsh becomes Sllent Copyrigmozoos w w Norton amp Company Encountering Prey Fleeing Most common response Flight initiation distance Size and speed of predator Foraging mating less predator response Distance to refuge Prior experience Principles ofAnimaI Behavior 2nd Ed 119 Fleelng Copyright 2009 W W Norton amp Company Principles ofAnimal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 11 11 Predators that feed on treefrogs Copyrighl 2009w w Nonon amp Company I Clutches under 100 wasp predation I Undisturbed clutches 393 10 5 E E E 1 b0 b0 8 3 1 E 01 m 1 C LE 43 001 I 0001 7 00001 l 4 5 Age days Pr39nc39 les ofAn39m B h 39a2 d Ed FIGURE 1112 Wasp predation and development time CoLyri h1 zoo9NaV NnIampr00rrlpany A B 10 10 U 39U U CL A L U U E E E 05 E 05 5 395 D D O 0 E00 500 39567891011 39567891011 Age days Age days C 10 390 OJ J U s C I 05 5 D E D 00 quot 4 L 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Age days Principles of Animal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 1113 Snake predation and development time Cupyrighl 2009WWNononampCompany Approaching Predators Fish birds mammals Approach boldness inspection Thomson s gazelles lt 10 to gt 500 individuals in herd Approach lions and cheetahs not hyenas and wild dogs short chases vs stamina and coop Approach behavior increase with group size Principles ofAnimaI Behavior 2nd Ed 1 Gazelle antlpredator behaVIor Copyright 2009 w w Norton amp Company gt 10 09 08 07 06 05 Probability of group approaching 04 O 100 200 300 400 500 Gazelle group size Principles oIAnimal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 1116 left Approach behavior in gazelles Copyrighl 2009WWNo10nampCompany Distance cheetah walked before resting m U FIGURE 1116 right Approach behavior in gazelles 4000 3500 o 3000 2500 400 600 Gazelle group size 800 1 000 Principles of Animal Behavior 2nd Ed Cupyrigh1 2009 W W Nonon amp Company light and time of day 1 habitat type and I degree 0f crypSIs am 0f cover 1 hunger and other stress r I 1 a patch quality 39 1 territory and mate defense amount morphological Of food defenses quot distance to refuge I x group PREY physical size D FLIGHT 4 condition DECISIONS ablllty to escape T reproductive state predator speed redator size predatory Size p effects sex directness of attack datort e x age pie W V prey temperature startlngdlstance experience predator Intent predator density number of predators sequential approaches Principles ofAnimal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 1110 Fllght InItIatIon distance Copyright 2009 W W Norton Br Company Feigning Death Tonic immobility most common in insects payin possum Mimic appearance and SMELL of a dead animal 1 Lips drawn back 2 Saliva foams around mouth 3 Foul smelling fluid secreted from anal glands 4 Stiff muscle tone tonic immobility 5 Involuntary physiologic response 6Regain consciousness in minutes or hours gt 30 25 20 15 10 Deathfeigning intensity 5 log 05 FIGURE 1120 top left Selection for death feigning Males Q 39 I Generations Principles ofAnimal Behavior 2nd Ed Copyright 2009 W W Nonon amp Company B Males 6 Long duration line 1 5 Long duration line 2 17 Short duration line 1 3 cu 8 4 Short duration line 2 3 J9 gt E 3 ov quot gr 2 o LL Q 1 o Q 3ho h gh 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Generations Principles of Animal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 1120 top rlghl Selection for death felgnlng Copy ght 2009W w Norton ampCompany Signaling Toxic monarch butterflies and coloring 0 Tail flagging white tailed deer Snorting Warning conspecifics Notifying the predator of health fleeing awareness Principles ofAnimal Behaviar 2nd Ed 5 Monarch warning colors Copyright 2009WWNononampCompany Principles of Animal Behavior 2nd Ed 1122 Tailraising event Copyright 2009 W W Nonon amp Company Fighting Back 0 Chemical defense in beetles vs ants spiders and toads two reservoirs glands which mix and produce violent explosive chemical reaction can be aimed in direction of attack 0 Mobbing behavior birds Principles ofAnmal Behavior 2nd Ed FIGURE 1123 Bombardier defenses Copyrighl 2009WW Nononampcompany


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.