Contemporary Social Problems, Week 8
Contemporary Social Problems, Week 8 SO 1103
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan255 on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SO 1103 at Mississippi State University taught by Jennifer Cheek in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL PROBLEMS in Behavioral Sciences at Mississippi State University.
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Date Created: 03/22/16
Contemporary Social Problems 3/8/16 – 3/10/16 Chapter 6: Economic Inequality & Poverty Economic Inequality Income inequality – wages Wealth – assets minus debt o Including wealth shows that inequality is more unequal Defining Poverty Absolute – life threating o Typically happens in poorer countries Relative Poverty – relative to others in your society o More people in our society experience this type of poverty Extreme Poverty – live off $1.25 a day Multidimensional Poverty Index o Looks at food, utilities, education, housing Gini Index o 1-100 scale, measures % inequality U.S. Measures of Poverty Severe poverty – more than 50% below poverty line Poor – anyone below poverty line Near Poor – above the poverty line but needs assistance Low Income – 100% to 200% above poverty level Sociological Perspectives Functional – looks at the positive effects of poverty o Davis – Moore Thesis – we need different amount of incomes to encourage education, work, etc. o Argues that poverty is a result of institutions breaking down o Argues that poverty can result from familial institutions Meritocracy o Argues that government isn’t helping its people enough Equal chance at Conflict – examines the power struggle between rich and poor opportunities o Karl Marx saw problems with a capitalistic society Capitalists vs proletariats = rich vs poor Economic inequality Power inequality – campaign contributions, lobbying Welfare – money going to individuals Corporate Welfare – money going to companies Symbolic Interactionalist – meaning of poverty and labels o How people are affected by these labels (poor and rich) Gross Domestic Product Amount country has per person o U.S. has the highest GDP o We spend less on people and more on corporations Race Manufacturing jobs moved away Contemporary Social Problems 3/8/16 – 3/10/16 Inner cities have less money “White Flight” – whites moving away from minorities Blacks are more likely to have single mothers Schools get less funding Wealth 1% makes more than $600,000 a year 40% of 1% inherited wealth Very few women and very few minorities 60% of 1% make money from investments What class you’re born into is likely where you’ll stay Age Younger people are typically poor 1/4 are experiencing poverty, 1/3 will experience poverty at some point U.S. has highest rate of child poverty Gender Increase in poverty among women o Wage gap o Single mothers o Discrimination Education Less education = un/under employed Access to quality schools isn’t what it should be High cost for college Single income families Family Structure Single income families Oher countries have more benefits for single moms Region South has most poverty in U.S. Labor Force Many poor are working and still fall below the poverty line Consequences of Inequality and Poverty Health Hungry and Poverty o People (mostly in other countries) are dying from hunger, illness, elements o Often live in unsafe housing/neighborhoods o Hungry people are less effective at work o Hunger can also lead to blindness or stunting o Sanitation and contamination o 15% are food insecure o Increased risk of obesity Housing Problems o Substandard – leaks, cracks, infestation, lack of ac/heat, electricity, etc. o Slums – concentrated areas of poverty o 1/3 in developing countries live in slums o 633,000 homeless in U.S. last year Contemporary Social Problems 3/8/16 – 3/10/16 o Lack of affordable housing o Homeless are more at risk for violence, abuse o Housing Crisis – banks allowed to give loans to those who shouldn’t have them Bubble burst, houses worth less what owed Legal Inequality o Associations – rich spend time with wealthy o Free defense lawyers – overloaded o Court case – voting rights act removed, many communities stripped of power o Poor people are encouraged to take a plea deal o Rich get away with crimes easier Political Inequality o Wealthy can influence politics o Citizens United Ruling – ruled that corporations can spend money on political campaigns
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