Class notes from March 21 and March 23
Class notes from March 21 and March 23 SPTE 201
Popular in Introduction to Sport and Entertainment Management
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ali Boehnlein on Tuesday March 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPTE 201 at University of South Carolina taught by Dr. Bob Heere in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sport and Entertainment Management in Physical Education at University of South Carolina.
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Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Ali!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol
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Date Created: 03/22/16
Notes from March 21 & 23 Sport for Socialization and Community Development Lecture Notes from Monday, March 21 SPTE 201 with Dr. Heere 1. Community sport – a program of sport in which everyone can participate a. Ex. High school sports b. Purposes i. Foundation for elite sports development ii. Staying active in the community iii. Mechanism for social policies to be achieved 1. Build friendships/teamwork 2. Develop social skills 3. Learn conflict resolution 2. Community – a unit of identification that is characterized by a sense of ID and an emotional connection to other members a. Ex. Fellow sports fans b. “we” v. “them” 3. Community development – activities that take place in a community that contribute to its betterment a. Ex. Midnight Basketball in NOLA b. Objectives i. Provide for everyday needs of adults and children ii. Fairly and democratically allocate goods/services/resources iii. Cultivate relationships that promote human and cultural development 1. Ex. Girls on the Run, Fugee Soccer 4. Possible negatives a. Create division/violence (Texas refugee soccer tournament) b. Increase injuries or cost of healthcare (concussions) c. May exclude the people who need it the most (minorities, kids with less skills, the poor) 5. Strategies a. Top down i. Assigned by someone in office who just supplies the necessities b. Bottom up i. Actually reach out to the individual community on a personal level c. Sport plus i. Sport is end goal d. Plus sport i. Use a sport as a hook to reach a different end goal e. Sport to build social capital i. Ex. NYJ fans in Columbia (get benefit of friendship and other relationships) f. Provide a sense of ID/citizenship g. Sport as a vehicle for social inclusion 6. Socialization a. Exposure to leadership role models b. Develop leadership skills c. Manage time and deal with loss/defeat d. Become a team player/deal with differences and diversity i. Ex. UT Triathlon Club 7. Opportunity costs – the loss/gain by choosing one option over the others Diversity in Sport Lecture Notes from Wednesday, March 23 SPTE 201 with Dr. Heere 1. Population growth because of immigration a. Changes demographic (Hispanic Americans > African Americans) b. Increase overall in the number of minorities (2014: 38% of US population is a minority) 2. Subculture a. A unique cultural group that exists within a larger, dominant culture i. Ex. Ethic, racial, etc. 3. Diversity by… a. Age b. Values c. Gender d. Ethnicity e. Sexual orientation f. Socioeconomic status 4. Why do we diversify? a. “we have to because of the law” b. “it is the right thing to do” c. **”it challenges us to become better”** (MOST IMPORTANT) 5. Without diversity (refugees and immigrants) we wouldn’t have… a. Apple (Steve Jobs’s dad was an immigrant from Syria) b. Google (Sergey Brin is from the USSR) c. Tesla/Space X (Elon Musk is native to South Africa) d. Gold medals – many Olympian gold medalists for the USA are immigrants e. College athletes – many college Div. I athletes are not from the US (~17,000) 6. Challenges in sport diversity a. Gender (men and women) b. Race (black and white) c. Sexual orientation (homosexual and heterosexual) 7. Culture – a way of life of a group of people based on their personal and group ID a. Includes art, music, sport, fashion b. Different for men and women 8. Why are sports sexist in nature? a. Created by men b. Original purpose was to show superiority and impress females c. Men are biologically stronger and faster 9. Glass ceiling – describes the invisible barrier that may prevent women/other minorities from advancing into management positions 10. Race – a group of people cased on biological similarities a. No race is superior b. Racial divides are fabricated by others c. Common racial stereotypes i. African American athletes can run faster and jump higher 11. Melting pot v. salad bowl a. Melting pot – combine everyone to make something completely new b. Salad bowl – keep individual characteristics but come together as one 12. Without diversity… a. Groupthink – people conform to the opinions of the people around them, no one wants to have the dissenting opinion, everyone agrees to act in the same way without being challenged b. Isomorphism – over time people or organisms that are in close proximity begin to act similarly i. Ex. Elderly at nursing homes c. Institutionalism – people continue with historic practices to prevent any change or advancement i. “this is the way it’s always been” 13. Categories of diversity a. Social (race, gender, etc.) i. Ex. Texas Western University basketball program b. Informational (knowledge based) c. Value (goals and means) d. Functional (one of each type to create an efficient environment) i. Ex. Having one accountant and one cashier and one CEO, etc. 14. Barriers to diversity a. Ethonocentrism – the idea that one’s own culture is better than everyone elses i. “the USA is the greatest country in the world” b. Stereotyping – assess people by how they look or what groups they belong to, then assign these traits to anyone associated with the individual or group they belong to i. Generalization about an entire social group that is often distorted and false 15. Costs to diversify a. Accommodations for all beliefs/groups b. Lesser communication between different groups of people c. Inefficiency d. Discomfort with the changes e. Conflict between different points of view/cultures 16. How to manage diversity a. Affirmative action
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