Week 1 M,W,F Lecture
Week 1 M,W,F Lecture HIST225
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Notetaker on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST225 at James Madison University taught by Shaun Mooney in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Intro to American History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Day1 VI VII VIII Themes protestant reformation Cawh an similaritiesdifferences between Aztecs and Spanish between Spanish and English colonial burcauracies between Native Americans and Europeans attitudes towards the land background to English colonization Differences between Europeans and Indigenous economic status advanced technology religion both different and same land resources gendern es different types of disease In order to own land have to improve labor Similarities Span amp Aztecs rural society warlikeaggression Differences Aztecs not major civilization Aztecs lacked metal technology Aztecs better at agriculture no malnutrition starvation in 15th century in Aztec Europeans were monotheistic Aztecs polytheistic and practiced human sacrifice negative culture lens viewed as inhumane Spmnslnumph edge of surprise amp technological superiority aided by indigenous native tribes who resented Aztecs amp lncas Spanish were added by disease Spanish Movement to New World unsystematic exploration late arrival of all other European powers developed decentralized power system system to pump as much wealth out of the US as possible sending all back to Spain did NOT last Spain s Colonial System of Administration amp Bureaucracy to keep most of the authority in Spain keep Spanish wealthy no representative assemblies or self government this makes other powerful countries supenor Native Americans villages move around agncu ure lives were cynical determine by seasons English needed to Organize themselves English colonization takes long fearofSpam Protestant Reformation Reasons for England Late Entry protected religious strife continuing struggle to subdue Ireland England and the New World awakening of English attention to North America early ventures Humphrey Gilbert s failed Newfoundland first settlements in Jamestown Second is Plymouth Training ground that English used to subdue cultralize acculturate and assimilate is IRELAND place to train take these skills to New World 99 I Pilgrims and Puritans Puritanism utopian society covenant calling separatists plymouth colony mass bay colony glorious revolution mercantilism Navigation Acts subsistence vs commercial agriculture diversity ll What if the difference between Puritans and Pilgrims puritans want to purify pilgrims want to split from the church in the New worlds Puritans found Mass Colony Pilgrims found Plymouth combine to form Mass Bay Colony both colonies first a commercial property economics more important Mass Bay Colony investors take part in establishing colony usually independent from other colonies Appeals for Puristic intensely spiritual power to individual strong in intellectual appeal strong social appeal large threat to English King and gov t Puritans feel persecuted in England but then persecuted in New England John Winthrop Puritan spoke of the shiny city upon a hill means that America is beacon to others in the world JFK makes a political comparison between himself and John Winthrop lll Important Principles that underpinned the Utopian Society of Mass Bay covenant agreement between you and communities god and family calling religious called by God to come when Puritans came they came as a community not as individuals