Week 2 M,W,F
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Notetaker on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST225 at James Madison University taught by Shaun Mooney in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Intro to American History in History at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
914 Key Concepts How English were colonies diversity of the colonies in the 18th century formation of an African American community virtual vs direct representation legitimate vs illegitimate authority Great Awakening Abany Congress Albany Plan of Union Seven Years War Proclamation of 1763 Sugar Act of 1764 Stamp Act of 1765 Townshend Duties of 1767 American Board of Customs Commissioners Viceadmirality courts mperial Crisis VI Although the Colonies were diverse a set of Common English institutions of Government held them together by mid 1680 s all colonies had legislatures that provided for selfgovernment all had developed laws and judicial institutions based on English models 1700 s reaches a point where they perceive themselves as inherently different Mercantilism the state should regulate ad protect industry and commerce objective to enrich the nation by crating a favorable balance of trade role of colonies to supply the mother country with raw materials and markets Principle Navigation Acts Navigation Act of 1660 gave British shipowners and merchants a monopoly on shipping Staple Act of 1663 monopoly on sale of manufactured goods to colonies and required colonies to buy manufactures goods from England Plantation Duty Act of 1673 don t follow first to penalize requires ship captains to pay a duty on any enumerated commodities that were not delivered to England designed to eliminate incentives How did Parliament actually ENFORCE the Navigation Acts by enlarging numbers of custom officials establishing colonial viceadmiralty courts to try violates British navy created Board of Trade in 1686 In Larger Context overall English policies over the colonies heavily involved colonies do not like it Dutch turned Albany into plantations each merchant ran own system settlers didn t own their own land English colonies are English because of the law Prosperity Growth not always financial happiness fortunate health CH 3 Themes English colonization Jamestown Characteristics of Chesapeake society slavery in the Chesapeake Key Words Roanoke headlights push and pull factors enclosure indentured servants monoculture salve codes Bacon s Rebellion l Brutality How do people dehumanize others and for what the Otherquot separate them lesser superior complex unknown differences excentuated when you become the other it makes people do things they would not normally have done to justify themselves although wrongly done England s effort in Ireland provided a blueprint for subsequent colonization efforts because military approach used like Spanish approach encouraged the repression of what they viewed as an inferior race Marketing toward the new worldquot in the thousands and distributed business venture failed ll Jamestown why was it founded historical significance they don t leave they never leave built ways to protect from Spanish bad infrastructure took long time to adjust to new living biodiversity of continent changed because of English bringing new seeds for livestock III John Smith disliked in charge of the colony mercancy egotistical hard to tell who is there and what is not volunteer in various wars ended up being sold as a slave in Turkey escapes captivity with a woman falling in love with him John Ralphe Marriage to Pocahontas was attempt at peace Pocahontas is a curiosity to many implements tabacco saving the Chesapeake from Disaster tobacco and headlights system basis of VA colonists 916 How English population ethnically diverse economically diverse regionally diverse result population in North America was very different from England because there was a wide variety of groups who were living in very diverse ways have to be able to put yourself in someone else s shoes empathy ll How English Labor system Degree of distinction depends on location New England most similar to England most family forms with few slaves and indentured servants Middle Colonies not as similar as New England Chesapeake and Lower South distinct from England was plantation economy centered on tobacco rice indigo lll Ways in Which Colonial Slavery differed from Antebellum pre civil war Slavery slavery existed in ALL colonies initially in the earlier colonial period large numbers of slaves had close contacts with Africa which was culturally important slavery develops as racial and social institution a little later economic socialracial IV Factors that Helped to Promote Development of an AfricanAmerican Culture in North America slaves imports tapered off in 18th century no longer a random assortment of diverse cultures more frequent marriages between slaves extended kin network s common language united religion 187000 slaves in Virginia in order to control become harsher it was about fear V How English Law and Policies same continuities in reins of both law and politics Law colonies followed British common law but colonial conditions created some needs that British common law did not cover Politics colonial gov t based on English 2 branch system lN THEORY rights of English citizenship Vl Virtual VS Direct Representation virtual all people whether they voted or notwere virtually represented just by the very first fact of their being English Direct rep had to live in district and colony that he was elected to represent growing distinction emerged between the legitimate authority of elected officials and illegitimate authority of crownappointed officials Vll How English Religion Continuities established churches general toleration fo dissenters Differences significant religious diversity emphasized by the Great Awakening which challenged prevailing approach to religion Vlll How English were the colonies despite many continuities with England there were a number of growing distinctions between colonies and England between colonies and themselves join or die takes time to unified 918 Key words and Concepts mperial Crisis Nonimportation agreement English Opposition Link between property and liberty Boston Massacre Committees of Correspondence Tea Act Boston Tea Party Coercive or Intolerable Acts Quartering Act 1 st Continental Congress Lexington and Concord English Opposition 2nd Continental Congress Olive Branch Petition Common Sense Declaration of Independence I 18th Century an almost constant system of on and off conflicts between French and English 17751763 Seven Years War French and Indian 17751783 American Revolution which ended up being the last war in this big string of conflict Washington wanted to be a British military British spends a lot of moneyin debt have to tell colonists to stay behindraise potential conflicts with European conflicts ll Expectations of the English Colonists in North America after 7 years war Expected no more high taxes expected to get Ohio River Valley expected to be treated like full citizens GOT NONE OF THIS King George becomes symbolic villain of American Revolution Ill How does Britain attempt to build a worldclass empire in North American Colonies passes proclamation of 1763 passes a series of New Taxes Sugar Act Stamp Act Townshend builds up its colonial bureaucracy through American Board of Customs Commissioners Britain s efforts are met by the colonists with resistance result the imperial crisis a series of actions and reactions that ended in American Revolution IV Imperial Crisis Stage1 17631775 questioning British Authority Stage 2 1775 rebellion Stage 3 1776 independence George Robert Twelves Hughes shoemaker doesn t tip hat to John Malcolm knocks him unconscious participated in Boston Tea Party catches James Caldwell as he fell from a gunshot wound Salem Witch Trials Samuel Parris reverand Tituba slave teaching children magic and witchcraft Sir William Phipps stopped all trials bc his wife was accused government disarray newly appointed members who did not support clergy forced false confessions Carribbean lndian folklore in the home of salem minister Tituba influencing daughter Economic disparity between social classes church vs don t go to church mportance of Puritism seperation after trials ended questioning Puritism injusties of judicial courts power of people showed democracy and its affects Thomas Hutchinson Letter Massachusettes Lieutenant Governor trees broke in ruins from mob emptied house of everything furniture cut to pieces Boston Massacre Article seems to be sympathetic towards locals from the article it seems the citizens were caught up in a battle that wasn t their own the article seems to point fingers at the British soldiers very heavily Ebenezer Fox farm apprentice ordinary americans natural law exacerbating feelings injustice equality tyranny freedom liberate themselvesset up own gov t father pays no attention no just cause discontent would soon subside rights to be addressed assert own rights no protectors serving own wants Lucy Knox Letter unbearable to sit at home and be helpless state of illness for her equal command Memoirs fo Ann Carson forced marriage set out and become a part of society as a woman