Sexual Behavior and Sexual Disorders
Sexual Behavior and Sexual Disorders Psych 332
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mari D. on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 332 at University of New Mexico taught by Dr. Theresa Moyers in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 114 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at University of New Mexico.
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Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Sexual Behavior and Sexual Disorders 0 The societal norms surrounding homosexuality have changed greatly over the past half century 0 Until 1970 homosexuality was regarded as a sickness 0 However evidence shows that homosexuality is psychologically normative o It is no longer listed in the DSM o Milestones in the changing View of homosexuality O 2003 US Supreme Court struck down a ban against private sexual behavior between two consenting adults in Texas 0 Diagnosis was removed from DSM by vote of the American Psychiatric Association APA o This decision was really just based upon current societal norms however there is nothing psychologically abnormal about homosexuality so the vote was extremely valid 0 Ban on controversial treatments 0 Conversional therapy a quottreatmentquot where gay men are shown homoerotic pornography and shocked every time they become aroused Treatments like this do not work at all and are shocking and unpleasant o What quotmakesquot you homosexual 0 Children raised by gaylesbian parents show normal adjustment and even more successful outcomes 0 Homosexuality is based on genetic disposition and environmental in uences o MZ twins have higher concordance rates than DZ twins 0 Gestational events occurrences in the womb such as hormonal in uences are quotenvironmentalquot o Androgentestosterone or the lack of it in the 2nd trimester is a critical in uence on sexual orientation 0 Women appear more quot uidquot in sexual orientation than men 0 This assessment is highly questionable there is no data to support the claim and it is simply more socially acceptable for women to display homosexual tendencies 0 Social Adjustment 0 Herrell et a1 study 1999 o Examined 103 middleaged male twin pairs 0 One homosexual one heterosexual o Examined symptoms 1 thoughts about death 2 wanting to die 3 thoughts about committing suicide 4 suicide attempts o Homosexuality was associated with higher levels of these symptoms even after depression and substance abuse was accounted for 0 Gender Identity Disorders Gender Nonconformity characterized by cross gender identification and gender dysphoria persistent discomfort about one39s biological sex or a sense that one39s gender role is inappropriate 0 Psychotherapy is generally not effective in helping adolescents or adults resolve gender dysphoria 0 Gender nonconforming boys 40 homosexual 32 some degree of bisexualism Girls the rate of nonheterosexual orientation is much lower 0 Outcomes of Gender Dysphoric Children study 2008 o 77 children referred for Gender Nonconformity mean age of 8 c When children reached 18 27 were still dysphoric 47 no longer dysphoric 0 At followup all in the persistent group were homosexual half of those no longer were still homosexual o This is an overwhelmingly likely outcome 0 Transsexualism Transgender quotdesire for self as a womanquot or quotnot truly being a manquot 0 Sexual reassignment surgery is a controversial option 0 Female to male is usually more successful but there is not much data 0 High rates of regret once surgery is completed about 7 o This is because the surgery is extremely timeconsuming painful difficult and expensive 0 About 2 attempt suicide after surgery 0 Cannot rule out impact of stigma and stress from society However many people describe it as lifesaving and liberating Psychological Adjustment of Individuals with Gender Reassignment Surgery MTF study 2008 0 Gender Reassignment Surgery provides a surgical solution for the psychological stress experienced by transgender people 0 40 MTF transsexuals o Assessed with SCR 90 both prior to and six months after surgery 0 There was no impact of GRS on psychological functioning
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