Intermediate Japanese IV
Intermediate Japanese IV FLJ 302
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mr. Seamus Brown on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to FLJ 302 at North Carolina State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/223752/flj-302-north-carolina-state-university in Japanese at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
FLJ302 20090205 Sentenceendingsandquotinformationsourcingquot Avariety of expressions are available in Japanese to express a how the information was attained or derived and b how the di speaker judges it to relate to the listener39s undersmn ng Note occasional differences between verbs adjectives and nouns Note also gender differences Postsentence particles These tend to relate to b above ie how the speaker thinks his or her information will relate to information the speaker is expected to know 3 The speaker presents direct information with selfconfidence without any indication of how the information was derived but with the nuance that the speaker is overriding the listener39s understanding of the matter T lt 31 0 I will go there I tell you 143 L L3 31 0 Believe me its delicious 5 3537 5 cl 0 You seem to be unsure so I39m telling you it39s the teacher Speaker is masculine 5 35 31 0 You seem to be unsure so I39m telling you it39s the teacher S is feminine 3 3 pronounced with subdued stress Speaker assumes listener is in agreement but does not expect confirmation 5 lt 33 Yo 39 o ure going I assume 143 I LX330 Its delicious and I assume you agree 5 3537 5 3347 She39s the teacher isn39t she I assume you agree S is masculine o 39 the teacher isn39t she I assume you agree S is feminine 5 3537 5 v 7 330 It was the teacher wasn39t it Speaker is masculine or feminine 3 3 slightly raised pitch as if to elicit a reaction Speaker assumes that the listener will agree but is asking for confirmation The listener is expected to confirm if not explicitly by saying 39Libl39 or 39z v39 then at least with a slight nod of the head In standard writing this is usually presented as only 393 339 same as above with no question mark I lt 33 You39re going right and please at least give me a nod if you are 143 L 14333 This is delicious don39t you think 5 3537 5 3 3 That is the teacher isn39t it speaker is masculine 553 3 That is the teacher isn39t it speaker is feminine 3 3 X pronounced with varying intonations some speakers esp women tend to go all out on this with extra lengthening and an internal 39wave39 of intonation The speaker strongly assumes that the listener will agree but instead of requesting confirmation merely emphasizes how speaker and listener are in agreement In standard writing this is usually presented as only 393 339 or sometimes 3933 7139 31 lt 33 Z 0 He really eats a lot doesn39t he and I totally assume you agree with me 143 LL33320 Isn39t this delicious N73 7 5 33 Z 0 What an idiot S is masculine N73 33 Z 0 How idiotic S is feminine Note also that 393 339 can occur after any phrase boundary as an attempt to make sure the listener is paying attention Intonation lilting up for extra confirmation or drooping down for assumed agreement ii 3 33 1 E J6 97 C 2 333 3 v T 7 An 31 0 Sensei you know he was really mad like at Yumichan 726 E pronounced with some elongation The speaker most often male is directing his speech mainly at himself and is agreeing with himself Most often written as plain 39 3639 an is that expensive 3414 3 7 5 726 E 0 Wow that is amazingly beautiful if The speaker most often male expresses impatience with the perspective of the listener I lt 537 Like it or not were off I C 3 3 Ready or not let s go 7 i7gtb k if That s expensive I m tellin ya 5 3537 5 3 He s the teacher in case you didn t know The speaker most often male gruffly and totally disregards the opinion of the listener I lt 0 I m gettin outa here whether or not you too are ready 393 le 47 Its too dangerous you wanna get killed 5 3537 5 47 Watch out he39s the teacher often elongated as E Most often used midsentence like 3 3 but more selfcentered ie not seeking agreement or feedback from the listener A bit slangy E a v V 7 Z i7gt L T lt 347CL3v7 50 Her parents you see won t let her go to the camp in The speaker presents direct information with selfconfidence and without any nuance as to how that information was derived 39 er or how it may relate to the listener39s understanding of the matt 5 lt o I will go 143 LL30 Its delicious 5393i7 50 She39s the teacher Speaker S is masculine ic She39s the teacher Speaker S is feminine i7gt Question particle Within extended contexts this often functions as a negative 3 7260 Hm I wonder expressing doubt v i 517 Mir amp v T 17gt7 CQ I invited Hiroshi too thinking he might come minus x minus plus 3 I twi amp Ev 7 10 I thought it might be that way minus x minus plus Assorted other quali ers 7 5 5 3 o S lacks direct knowledge but formulates her judgement based upon general experience ie I would expect Unlike 7 5 this works with N A or Formal is L i 3 0 143 L 1437 5 5 gt1 0 fallng intonation Common knowledge and common sense would lead one to the logical conclusion that it eg the cake is probably delicious 143 L 1437 5 5 f2 rising intonation Speaker prods listener to acknowledge that listener has come to the same seemingly inevitable conclusion whether based on direct or indirect experience 28143 L gt1 7 5 0 S bases the conclusion on direct experience of partial evidence ie quotThe smell and appearance indicate that it would be delicious though I have not msted it yet to confirm thatquot Used with adjectives minus 143 nanouns and verb stems see next39 fE 3 7 5 30 She really seems to be in good health active energetic g I 3 7 5 It seems like it will rain gt It seems like it is about to rain g I 3 76350 50 The weather looks like it is about to rain 28143 L 143011175 I have no direct evidence on which to base my judgement but my knowledge of the world leads me to fully expect that it will be delicious 143 I Mir i L 34721430 I have no direct evidence but experience makes me think it might be delicious Chances are usually lower than 5050 but sometimes a speaker will make an extra effort to appear modest in which case they may be much more 39 ely 72252 Li L 1430 I have no direct evidence but experience makes me think it is more likely than not to be delicious 7M 143 L 1430 It will definitely be delicious I am certain of it irregardless of evidence cf Eg bi bk L i7gtv 7 10 Thinking back on it it was certainly delicious but who knows it may have had poison 2 0 143 L 1430 Absolutely it will be delicious No questions asked 28143 L Li 3 12 7 50 I have only partial and indirect evidence eg I saw someone else eating it but it seems to be delicious 143 L LVN L3 7 5 Same as above 3 3 7 5 but more colloquial Sometimes said to be feminine but it is more likely that the issue is with the final 7 5 which when omitted can make the whole sentence seem feminine Note J7 7 L3 is a noun and doesn t use a kanji because the meaning is unre ate cf 7787 51437EHEE E 37 5v 7 50 Thatpriceislikeajokel 55 E L 14 Partial evidence leads me to the conclusion that he must be sick I can t think of any other possibility note EH Ei3 r v 6 L lt 721430 It isn t typical of Tanaka to do that sort of thing 575 2 7 5 0 Verbal reports indicate They say I heard he is sick 28143 L Li 2 5 v 7 10 Somebody said I quote you it is delicious 143 L Li 2 F5 gt2 0 I think but bear in mind it s only my opinion that it is delicious 143 L i7gtv 7 v j 0 Hmmm I m trying to think back whether it was delicious cf 7 5 v 7 v 7 0 Hmm Now what was that Also Compare g 79 to remember something by packing it into your head versus ELHIIT to remember something by unpacking out of your memory
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