Plants in Folklore, Myth, and religion
Plants in Folklore, Myth, and religion PB 219
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lonzo Pacocha on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PB 219 at North Carolina State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see /class/223775/pb-219-north-carolina-state-university in Plant Biology at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Symbolic structure Void Primeval waters where all creation begins Egyptian Nun Symbolic structure Water Associated with chaos and disorder leading to creation Japanese creation Symbolic structure Primal Egg Contains the universe Chinese creation egg contains yin and yang Heavy parts of the egg become earth light become sky Symbolic structure Earth Diving Supreme being sends animal or person into primal depths to make earth lroquois woman falls from sky into void of water and lands on turtle A muskrat dives to bring up clay which forms the earth Symbolic structure World Parents Great Mother and Father create first gods Children stuck and sick of darkness and separate parents Maori creation father rangi and mother papa are pushed apart Symbolic Structure Emergence from lower worlds Hopi Evil magic in underworld causes people to climb plants to over world Roles plants play in creation myths Route from one world to another manifestation of divine or sacred ancestor or source of humans equivalent to people symbols of the cosmos Who are the joti and where do they live They are 900 indigenous Venezuelans living in the sierra maigualida mountain range in south central Venezuela Where is the fertile crescent and what countries compose i South West Asia Lebanon Kuwait Palestine Syria lraq lnanna Sumerian earth mother goddess of vegetation sexual love fertility and warfare Demeter Greek goddess of fertility vegetation grains and harvest The descent of inanna Taken prisoner by Ereshkigal sister queen of the underword strikes a deal with ereshkigal so Dumuzi lover and Geshtinanna his sister take her place springautumn because no crops gro if inanna stays in the underworld Myth of Demeter and Persephone Persephone virgin abducted by hades and taken to underworld Demeter searches and the seasons are haulted zeus sends hermes to get persephone back Hades agrees but tricks persephone in to eating a pomegranate she becomes pregnant and has to stay a third of each year in the underworld What we knowdon39t know about Eleusinian mysteries know held initiation ceremonies and members fasted on the first day don39t know what is in the hallucinogenic keykeon drink and what happened in the temples during induction How long the Eleusinian mysteries were practiced and who was allowed to partake 3 days to perform ceremonies and rituals all were allowed to participate What category of plants were likely to be the first domesticated plants and why wild cereals because they can grow easily in open and disturbed areas dropped composted Basic theories of why humans adopted agriculture A decline in availability of wild game increased availability of wild plants that could be domesticated arose among fishermen dump heap hypothesis Six plants that provide more than 80 of the worlds consumed calories rice wheat maize manioc potatoes sweet potatoes Symbolic structures and significant plants of Egypt Void water egg world parents Corn lotus papyrus garden Symbolic structures and significant plants of Norse creation Void Yggdrasil Ash and elm trees Symbolic structures and significant plants of Celtic creation myths Void world parents Oak trees berries Symbolic structures and significant plants of Ceram creat39on Plants Coconuts tubers Symbolic structures and significant plants of Zulu crea 39 Plants as source of humans Reeds Symbolic structures and significant plants of Navajo creat39on emerging from underworld reeds corn squash and beans Joti essence interpenetion plants fungi arthropods birds animals and mineral water catalyze the ability to walk swim see hear smell Purifies and invigorates body prevents disease and death Origin of people most animals plants and mushrooms in joti creation humans come from plants animals plants and mushrooms were people who chose to become that state Importance ofjoti body piercing ear nasal and septum At10 years childrens lobes are pierced to help hearinglistening Septum is initiation to adulthood Sou survives if the dead has wooden plug Association betwee subsistence strategy and gender of primary deity Male deity huntergatherer female deity agriculture can the alcohol content so during they would ferment grain and grapes critically low late winter undervvorld storeroom her death symbolized by the cut of tainted meat she turned into a sight seen in empty storehouses de meter by hades purpose divine conferring immortality causes hallucinating Vocab PB 219 001 Plant in Folklore Myth and Religion Fall 2013 Study Guide Exam 1 o Ethnobotany the study of the relationship between plant and people A bridge between science and traditional wisdom 0 Myth a traditional sacred narrative o Cosmology set of beliefs that explains and describes the origin history and organization of the world and universe 0 Mythogenesis the creation and development of myths Know Some of the disciplines involved in Ethnobotany like biology anthropology textiles medicine linguistics nutrition ecology O O Lu oles O O O O 0 000 00000 Richard Evans Schulties is the quotFather of Modern Ethnobotanyquot Studied Peyote a hallucogenic used in ceremonial rituals by the Kiowa for PhD In Mexico studied Teonanacatl scared mushroom of Aztecs 5 w mi lily quot H u m Aim of Mythology Explanations of origins Organization of daily life plants set your internal clock like coffee for breakfast and wine for dinner Pumpkins in fall and strawberries for summer Remebering history and important lessons long lived trees associated with stories Remembering the power of the gods Aid in communication with spirit realm Mythogenetic Characteristics Size and Age Giant Redwood tallest tree on earth The Rustling of Leaves Fruits and Seeds Pomegranite seeds ColorAbrusprecatorius aka John Crow Bead black and red like a vulture associated with deth ShapeGinseng looks like a human powerful healing Thorns and Spines AromaOdor Location and Growth Habit Psychoactive Properties