American Politics and Government
American Politics and Government PS 201
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Birdie Zemlak on Thursday October 15, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PS 201 at North Carolina State University taught by Brent Lucas in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see /class/223783/ps-201-north-carolina-state-university in Political Science at North Carolina State University.
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Date Created: 10/15/15
Chapter 1 American Political Culture Seeking a More Perfect Union The core principles ofAmerican government 0 American ideals basis of our national identity 0 We are not bound by ethnicity or years of history but by shared ideals 0 Set context for action 0 Political culture better of people about their government and politics 0 Sets the stage for everything else America39s Core Values 0 Liberty freedom to act and think as one chooses but no infringement on freedom of others 0 Equality all individuals equal in worth legal treatment and political voice 0 Selfgovernment people are ultimate source of governing authority 0 Individualism your own responsibility to get what you want 0 Unity all core values together as a whole 0 Diversity valued in our country Power and Limits ofAmericans o Lofty claim quotall men are created equalquot yet slavery existed 0 Restricted immigration based on ethnic origin 0 Until 1965 Asian immigration was seriously restricted 0 Liberal immigration from Europe 0 Drive toward a more equal society evident in the country s elaborate system of higher education Politics Social Contract 0 The social contract between government and people 0 Thomas Hobbes 1651 I Subjects surrender freedom for protection 0 John Locke 1690 I Government cannot deprive students of certain rights if government does uproar 0 Jean Jacques Rousseau 1762 I Government enacts will of the people I quotconsentquot of the government I Power limited by rules Political Systems 0 Democracy 0 quotpeoplequot govern directly or through elected representatives 0 More directly our form of government is a republic o Oligarchy 0 Controls rests with a small group military families business owners 0 Autocracy 0 Control rests with a single person king etc Political Philosophies 0 Rules of politics making our political process o Constructionism limits on government I Protections of and emphasis on individual rights I Democracy may allow for rule of majority over minority o Authoritarianism o Repress political opponents one party rule 0 Totalitarianism o Asserts complete dominance over individuals and institutions of society Politics Economic Systems 0 Capitalism our economic system 0 Free enterprise and self0reliance 0 Minimal governmental interference 0 Which political party favors this 0 Socialism 0 Large government role in production economy and private ownership 0 Communism 0 Government owns most or all major industries completely manages economy Political Power and Authority The Control of Policy 0 Theories of power 0 Majoritananism government by the people I Shift alignments between public opinion and policy shifts o Pluralism government by groups ie farmers welfare advocates lawyers etc not necessarily for the public benefit 0 Elitism government by a few influential people I Domhoff I C wright mills coalitions of three types of leaders 0 Military officials corporate executives important public officials o Bureaucratic rule government by admincareer civil servants for agency interest The Concept of a Political System 0 Political system parts of American government 0 Parts are separate 0 Parts connect with each other 0 Dynamic system changing as needed American Political System 0 Five overriding tendencies o Enduring cultural ideals that serve as a common bond Fragmentation of governance based on check and balances Amputation between diverse groups Emphasis on individual rights and responsibilities Economic and political decision making separate sometimes I Economic issues largely out of political control I Is it ever appropriate for government interference O O O O
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